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Vegetos

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 473–485 | Cite as

Photosynthetic efficiency in Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. genotypes

  • Kuldeepsingh A. KalariyaEmail author
  • Dipal Minipara
  • Parmeshwar Lal Saran
  • Lipi Poojara
  • A. C. Polireddy
  • P. Manivel
Research Articles
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Leaves of Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex SCHULT plants are used to cure the most prevalent and important life style disease, the diabetes mellitus. Gymnema is a slow growing plant genotype with the requirement of higher photosynthetic rate. Presently, there is no report available on gaseous exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in gymnema. Total 44 genotypes were evaluated for their physiological efficiencies during post rainy season in sub-tropical region of Gujarat.The light curve studies indicated the light requirement of the plants to be between 1000 and 1250 µ mol (photons) m−2 s−1. Genotypes were categorized into low, medium and high groups considering over all mean values of different parameters ± standard deviation. Seven genotypes showed higher photosynthetic rate (PN), nine genotypes showed higher stomatal conductance (gs), six genotype exhibited higher transpiration rate (E), five genotypes revealed higher intrinsic water use efficiency (WUEint), eight genotypes manifested maximum photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm), seven genotypes reached maximum actual efficiency of PSII (\({\text{F}}_{\text{v}}^{{\prime }}\)/\({\text{F}}_{\text{m}}^{{\prime }}\)), six genotype showed maximum quantum yield of PSII (ɸPSII) and electron transport rate (ETR) and seven genotypes exhibited higher open PS II centers (qP). The correlation matrix revealed that the PN was strongly positively correlated with gs, \({\text{F}}_{\text{v}}^{{\prime }}\)/\({\text{F}}_{\text{m}}^{{\prime }}\), ΦPSII and ETR. DGS-2 and DGS-18 were physiologically most efficient genotypes having high values in seven common parameters. These parameters were PN, gs, Fv/Fm, \({\text{F}}_{\text{v}}^{{\prime }}\)/\({\text{F}}_{\text{m}}^{{\prime }}\), ΦPSII, qP and ETR will be very useful in crop improvement program focused on biomass maximization in Gymnema sylvestre.

Keywords

Chlorophyll fluorescence Gymnema sylvestre Maximum efficiency of photosynthesis Stomatal conductance Water use efficiency 

Abbreviations

PN

Net photosynthetic rate

gs

Stomatal conductance

Ci

Intracellular CO2

E

Transpiration rate

WUEi

Intrinsic water use efficiency

Fv/Fm

Maximum photochemical efficiency

\({\text{F}}_{\text{v}}^{{\prime }}\)/\({\text{F}}_{\text{m}}^{{\prime }}\)

Actual efficiency of PSII

ɸPSII

Quantum yield of PSII

NPQ

Nonphotochemical quenching

Chl

Chlorophyll

PS

Photosystem

SLA

Specific leaf Area

ULA

Unit leaf Area

Ls

Stomatal limitations

LWP

Leaf water potential

qP

Open PS II centers

ETR

Electron transport rate

qN

Non photochemical quenching coefficient

SD

Standard deviation

LSD

Least significant difference

DF

Degree of freedom

FM

Fresh mass

DM

Dry mass

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are grateful to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi and the Director, ICAR-DMAPR, Anand for providing all basic facilities and the Gujarat State Biotechnology Mission, Government of Gujarat, India for funding assistance. We are also thankful to the germplasm collectors and curators of the germplasm used in this study.

Funding

This article was funded by FAP Scheme 2015-16 from GSBTM, Govt. of Gujarat, Gujarat, India (Grant No. GSBTM 4867, 2016-17,23.09.2016).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Society for Plant Research 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Directorate of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants ResearchAnandIndia

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