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Socio-Ecological Practice Research

, Volume 1, Issue 3–4, pp 381–396 | Cite as

Ian L. McHarg: A bibliography

  • Frederick R. SteinerEmail author
Reflective Essay

Abstract

Ian McHarg was a major ecological theorist and practitioner in the second half of the twentieth century. Bibliographic information about his work is presented.

Keywords

Ian McHarg Ecological design Ecological planning Landscape architecture Suitability analysis 

1 Introduction

In 1994, Ian McHarg invited me to assist with his autobiography, A Quest for Life, which was published by John Wiley and Sons in 1996. One of my contributions was a comprehensive bibliography of McHarg’s work. Beyond the items listed on his curriculum vitae, I enjoyed working with him to identify missing or forgotten items as well as filling in information for consistency. After A Quest for Life was published, I continued to add information through much of 2008. Before he died in 2001, McHarg contributed a few more items and often requested a copy of the bibliography for various purposes.

As this Special Issue illustrates, McHarg scholarship is ongoing. I have decided not to add any new items after 2008 except for four 2019 books. Since 2019 is the 50th anniversary of Design With Nature, these books merit special attention. Although 2008 was an arbitrary end date, it does keep the focus on works McHarg completed during his lifetime and those produced by others in its near aftermath.

In this bibliography, publications come first: the recent books followed by McHarg’s own and those closely associated with his words; then chapters in books; introductions and forewords; articles; reviews, essays, and published symposia and proceedings; and excerpts from A Quest for Life. McHarg produced many reports, plans, and designs at the University of Pennsylvania; with Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd; and on his own. They are listed with the contributors. Unusual for the time (and even today), McHarg listed the many participants in the professional work. He was also active in film, television, and video. The final sections include profiles, critical reviews, and obituaries; published interviews and panel discussions; a slide-tape presentation; and miscellaneous items.

The works are listed in chronological order in each category from the most recent to the oldest. In contrast to alphabetical order, we think this format helps the reader understand the development of McHarg’s ideas.

2 Publications

2.1 Recent books

William J. Cohen. 2019. Ecohumanism and Ecological Culture: The Educational Legacy of Lewis Mumford and Ian McHarg. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Kathleen John-Adler. 2019. Ian McHarg and the Search for Ideal Order. Abingdon, Oxon, U.K.: Routledge.

Frederick Steiner, Richard Weller, Karen M’Closkey, and Billy Fleming, editors. 2019. Design With Nature Now. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.

Bo Yang. 2019. Landscape Performance: Ian McHarg’s Ecological Planning in The Woodlands, Texas. Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom: Routledge.

2.2 Books

Lynn Margulis, James Corner, and Brian Holt Hawthorne, editors. 2006. Ian McHarg: Dwelling in Nature, Conversations with Students. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

Frederick Steiner, editor. 2006. The Essential McHarg: Writings on Design and Nature. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Ian McHarg. 2001. Some Songs to the Stars. Easton, Pennsylvania: The Knossus Project with Chelsea Green Publishers.

Ian L. McHarg and Frederick R. Steiner, editors. 1998. To Heal the Earth: Selected Writings of Ian McHarg. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Ian L. McHarg. 1996. A Quest for Life. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Translated into Chinese (Jinwu Ma, 2015, Beijing: China Architecture and Building Press).

Ian L. McHarg. 1969. Design With Nature. Garden City, New York: Natural History Press. (Paperback edition, 1970, Garden City, New York: Natural History Press/Doubleday; Second edition, 1992, New York: John Wiley & Sons; 25th Anniversary paperback edition, 1994.) National Book Award Finalist. Translated into French (Composer avec la nature, with original French contribution, edited by Max Falque, Cahiers de L’IAURIF, vol. 58–59, 1980); Italian (Progetto con la natura, Franco Muzzio, editore, 1989, Padova, Italy); Chinese (1st Chinese edition translated by Rui Jingwei, 1992, Beijing: China Architecture and Building Press; Taiwan translation by Monica Kuo [Guo Qiongying], 2001, Tai Bei, Taiwan: Garden City Culture Press; and Chinese paperback by Rui Jingwei, 2006, Tianjin: Tianjin University Press); Japanese (1994, Shubunsha); and Spanish (Proyectar con la Naturaleza, Juan Luis de las Rivas and Ignacio San Martin, technical editors; Fernández Nistal, Mar San Miguel Blanco, Alfonso Centeno González, and Raquel Fernández, translators, 2000, Barcelona: Editorial Gustavo Gili).

2.3 Chapters in books

Ian McHarg. 1998. “Fitness, the Evolutionary Imperative.” In: Andrew Scott, editor. Dimensions of Sustainability. London: E&FN SPON, an imprint of Routledge, pp. 13–19.

Ian McHarg. 1997. “Fuller’s Contribution” (pp. 42–43), “Why is Architecture Oblivious to the Environment” (pp. 54–61), “On the Origins of Ecological Design” (pp. 190–191), and “Teaching the Ecological World View” (pp. 302–304). In: Chris Zelov, executive editor, Phil Cousineau, co-editor, and Brian Danitz, contributing editor. Design Outlaws on the Ecological Frontier. Cape May, New Jersey: Knossus.

Ian L. McHarg. 1997. “Ecology and Design.” In: George F. Thompson and Frederick R. Steiner, editors. Ecological Design and Planning. New York: John Wiley and Sons, pp. 321–332. Translated into Chinese by Liu-Ho.

Ian McHarg. 1996. “Nature in the Metropolis” (Reprinted chapter from Design with Nature). In: Richard T. LeGates and Frederic Stout, editors. The City Reader. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 132–141.

Ian L. McHarg. 1990. “Nature is More than a Garden.” In: Mark Francis and Randolph T. Hester, Jr., editors. The Meaning of Gardens. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, pp. 34–37.

Ian L. McHarg. 1985. “Natural and Cultural Heritage Resources in Your Community.” In: J. Toby Tourbier, editor. Taproots, Stewardship through Heritage Discovery: Description of a Program for Secondary Schools and Proceedings of the Conference “Knowing Home.” Newark: Water Resources Center, University of Delaware, pp. 113–118.

Ian L. McHarg. 1982. “Postscript: A Natural/Human Ecological Model of the United States.” In Gregory A. Daneke, Energy, Economics, and the Environment: Toward a Comprehensive Perspective. Lexington, Massachusetts: D. C. Heath, pp. 277–280.

Ian L. McHarg. 1981. “Ecological Planning.” In William J. Cairns and Patrick M. Rogers, editors. Onshore Impacts of Offshore Oil. London: Applied Science Publishers, pp. 139–143.

Ian L. McHarg. 1980. “Three Essays on Urban Space.” In: ICA Staff, editors. Urban Encounters. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Institute of Contemporary Art, pp. 21–24.

Ian L. McHarg. 1980. “Appropriate Stormwater Management.” In: J. Toby Tourbier and Richard Westmacott, editors. Stormwater Management Alternatives. Newark: Water Resources Center, University of Delaware, pp. 23–30.

Arthur H. Johnson, Jonathan Berger, and Ian L. McHarg. 1979. “A Case Study in Ecological Planning: The Woodlands, Texas.” In: Marvin T. Beatty, Gary W. Petersen, and Lester D. Swindale, editors. Planning the Uses and Management of Land. Madison, Wisconsin: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America, pp. 935–955.

Ian McHarg. 1978. “Ecological Planning: The Planner as Catalyst.” In: Robert W. Burchell and George Sternlieb, editors. Planning Theory in the 1980s (second edition, 1982). New Brunswick, New Jersey: Center for Urban Policy Research, pp. 13–15.

Ian L. McHarg. 1976. “Biological Alternatives to Water Pollution.” In: Joachim Tourbier and Robert W. Pierson, Jr., editors. Biological Control of Water Pollution. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Center for Ecological Design and Planning, University of Pennsylvania, pp. 7–12.

Ian L. McHarg. 1976. “Il Bacino del Fiume.” In: Guido Ferrara, editor. Risorse del Territorio e Politica di Piano. Venezia, Italy: Marsilo, pp. 77–98.

Ian McHarg. 1975. “Must We Sacrifice the West?” In: Terrell J. Minger and Sherry D. Oaks, editors. Growth Alternatives for the Rocky Mountain West. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, pp. 203–211.

I. L. McHarg. 1974. “The Place of Nature in the City of Man.” In: D. R. Coates, editor. Urban Areas. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, pp. 30–41.

Ian L. McHarg and Michael G. Clarke. 1973. “Skippack Watershed and the Evansburg Project: A Case Study for Water Resources Planning.” In: Charles R. Goodman, James McEroy III, and Peter J. Richerson, editors. Environmental Quality and Water Development. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company, pp. 299–330.

Ian McHarg. 1972. “Architecture in an Ecological View of the World.” In: Nicholas Pole, editor. Environmental Solutions. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Conservation Society Eco-Publications, pp. 83–92.

Ian L. McHarg. 1971. “Values, Process and Form.” In: W. A. Johnson and J. Hardesty, editors. Economic Growth vs. the Environment. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, pp. 19–25.

Ian L. McHarg. 1970. “Values, Process and Form.” In: R. Disch, editor. The Ecological ConscienceValues for Survival. New York: Prentice Hall.

Ian L. McHarg. 1970. “Ecological Planning for Evolutionary Success.” In: Angelo J. Cerchione, Victor E. Rothe, and James Vercellino, editors. Master Planning the Aviation Environment. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, pp. 7–10.

Ian L. McHarg. 1970. “The Place of Nature in the City of Man.” In: Pierre Dansereau and Virginia A. Weadock, editors. Challenge for Survival: Land, Air, and Water for Man in Megalopolis. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 37–54.

Ian L. McHarg. 1970. “Open Space from Natural Processes.” In: David A. Wallace, editor. Metropolitan Open Space and Natural Process. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 10–52.

Ian L. McHarg. 1970. “The Plight.” In: Harold W. Helfrich, Jr., editor. The Environmental Crisis: Man’s Struggle to Live with Himself. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, pp. 15–31.

Ian L. McHarg. 1969. “An Ecological Method for Landscape Architecture.” In: Paul Shepard and Daniel McKinley, editors. The Subversive ScienceEssays Toward an Ecology of Man. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, pp. 328–332.

Ian L. McHarg. 1969. “Man’s Debt to Nature: Ecology and the Goals of Urban Development.” In: David Popenoe, editor. The Urban Industrial Frontier: Essays on Social Trends and Institutional Goals in Modern Communities. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, pp. 141–156.

Ian L. McHarg. 1968. “Values, Process and Form.” In: Smithsonian Institution staff, editors. The Fitness of Man’s Environment. New York: Harper and Row, pp. 207–227. (Paperback edition, 1970, New York: Harper Colophon.)

Ian L. McHarg. 1967. “The Place of Man in Nature and Nature in the Environment of Man.” In: H. Wentworth Eldredge, editor. Taming Megalopolis. New York: Praeger, pp. 540–547.

Ian L. McHarg. 1966 “Ecological Determinism.” In: Frank Fraser Darling and John P. Milton, editors. The Future Environments of North America. Garden City, New York: Natural History Press, pp. 526–538.

Ian L. McHarg. 1963. “Man and Environment.” In: Leonard J. Duhl and John Powell, editors. The Urban Condition. New York: Basic Books, pp. 44–58.

Ian L. McHarg. 1963. “Regional Landscape Planning.” In: A. J. W. Scheffey, editor. Resources, The Metropolis, and the Land-Grant University (Proceedings of the Conference on Natural Resources, No. 410). Amherst: University of Massachusetts, pp. 31–35. (Comments by others on McHarg’s remarks continue through p. 37.)

2.4 Introductions and forewords in books

Ian L. McHarg. 2000. “Foreword.” In: Gerald McSheffrey. Planning Derry, Planning and Politics in Northern Ireland. Liverpool, England: Liverpool University Press.

Ian L. McHarg. 1998. “Introduction.” In: Timothy W. Foresman, editor. The History of Geographic Information Systems: Perspectives from the Pioneers. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall PTR.

Ian L. McHarg. 1998. “Foreword.” In: Leslie Jones Sauer. The Once and Future Forest. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Ian L. McHarg. 1998. “Foreword.” In: William M. Marsh. Landscape Planning: Environmental Applications (Third edition). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Ian L. McHarg. 1994. “Introduction.” In: Tom J. Bartuska and Gerald L. Young, editors. The Built Environment. Menlo Park, California: Crisp Publications, Inc., pp. ix–xi.

2.5 Articles

Ian L. McHarg. 2001. “Some Songs to the Stars” (Poetry). Landscape Journal 20(1):1–3.

Ian L. McHarg. 1997. “I fattori naturali nella pianificazione.” (Translated into Italian by Danilo Palazzo.) Urbanistica 108 (gennaio-giugno):47–52.

Ian L. McHarg. 1997. “Natural Factors in Planning.” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 52(1, January/February):13–17.

Ian L. McHarg. 1992. “Green the Earth, Heal the Earth.” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 47(1):39–41.

Ian L. McHarg. 1992. “The House We Live In: Remembering a Meeting of Minds.” 19911992 Almanac (The Annual of the International Council of National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences):47–50.

Ian McHarg. 1989. “The American Landscape into the 21st Century.” Renewable Resources Journal (Summer):17–18.

Ian L. McHarg. 1981. “Human Ecological Planning at Pennsylvania.” Landscape Planning 8:109–120.

Ian L. McHarg. 1980. “The Garden as a Metaphysical Symbol” (The Riding Reflection Lecture 1979). Journal of Royal Society CXXVIII (February):132–143.

Ian L. McHarg. 1979. “Human Ecological Planning.” Proceedings of Australian and New Zealand Academies of Science (January).

Ian L. McHarg and Jonathan Sutton. 1975. “Ecological Plumbing for the Texas Coastal Plain.” Landscape Architecture 65(1, January):78–89.

Ian L. McHarg. 1973. “Design with Nature” and “The Garden as a Metaphysical Symbol.” Ontario Naturalist 13(1, March):20–39.

Ian L. McHarg. 1972. “Values, Process and Form.” Options Meditéranées 13(June):19–25.

Ian McHarg. 1972. “Best Shore Protection: Nature’s Own Dunes.” Civil Engineering/ASCE 42(September):66–70.

Ian McHarg. 1971. “Man, Planetary Disease.” Vital Speeches of the Day (August):634–640.

Ian McHarg. 1971. “Man and Nature—A Space Odyssey.” Consulting Engineer 36(March):79–82.

Ian L. McHarg. 1971. “Architecture: An Ecological View of the World.” The Structuralist 11(August):83–89.

Ian McHarg. 1970. “Ecological Values and Regional Planning.” Civil Engineering/ASCE 40(August):40–44.

Ian McHarg. 1970. “Is Man a Planetary Disease?” (Annual Discourse: Ian McHarg). RIBA Journal 77(July):303–308.

Ian L. McHarg. 1970. “Design and Nature.” Cities 70 (Architecture and Engineering Forum). Los Angeles: Southern California Extension Company and Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. Section III, 30 pages.

Ian McHarg. 1970. “Architecture in an Ecological View of the World.” AIA Journal 54(5, November):47–51.

Ian L. McHarg. 1969. “What Would You Do With, Say, Staten Island?” Natural History 78(4, April):27–37, with an introduction by Frances Low on p. 26.

Ian L. McHarg. 1968. “A Comprehensive Highway Route-Section Method.” Highway Research Record 246:1–15.

Ian McHarg. 1968. “Ecology, for the Evolution of Planning and Design.” Via 1:44–66.

Ian McHarg. 1967. “Where Should Highways Go?” Landscape Architecture 57(3):179–181.

Ian L. McHarg. 1967. “An Ecological Method for Landscape Architecture.” Landscape Architecture 57(2):105–107.

Ian McHarg. 1966. “Blight or a Noble City?” Audubon Magazine 68(1, February):47–52.

Ian L. McHarg. 1966. “Architecture, Ecology and Form.” Perspective (published by the Students’ Architectural Society, University of Manitoba):50–59.

Ian L. McHarg and David A. Wallace. 1965. “Plan for the Valleys vs. Spectre of Uncontrolled Growth.” Landscape Architecture 55(3, March):179–181.

Ian McHarg. 1964. “School News: A New Role for Landscape Architects.” Landscape Architecture 54(3, April):227–228.

Ian L. McHarg. 1964. “The Place of Nature in the City of Man.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences (Urban Revival: Goals and Standards) 352(March):1–12.

Ian McHarg. 1962. “The Ecology of the City.” Journal of Architectural Education XVII (2, November):101–103.

Ian McHarg. 1962. “The Ecology of the City.” AIA Journal 38(5, November):101–103.

Ian L. McHarg. 1958. “The Humane City, Must the Man of Distinction Always Move to the Suburbs.” Landscape Architecture 48(January):101–107.

Ian L. McHarg. 1957. “The Court House Concept.” Architectural Record 122(September):193–200.

Ian L. McHarg. 1957. “The Courthouse Concept.” Architects’ Year Book 8:74–102.

Ian L. McHarg. 1957. “The Return to the City.” The General Magazine and Historical Chronicle 59(Spring):1–6.

Ian L. McHarg. 1956. “Can We Afford Open Space? A Survey of Landscape Costs.” Architects’ Journal 123(March):260–273.

Ian L. McHarg. 1955. “Landscape Architecture.” Pennsylvania Triangle 41(7, April):36, 42.

Ian McHarg. 1955. “Open Space and Housing.” Architects’ Year Book 6:75–82.

Ian L. McHarg. 1953. “Architecture in the Netherlands.” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland 94:41–46.

2.6 Reviews, essays, and published symposia and proceedings

Ian L. McHarg. 1998. “Human Ecological Planning at Pennsylvania.” In: Regional Physical PlanningPractice and Challenges, Proceedings of the International Conference on the occasion of the 30th Anniversary of Nationally Organized Physical Planning in Slovenia. Bled, Slovenia, pp. 43–53.

Ian L. McHarg. 1997. “Natural Drainage.” In: David H. Merritt, editor. Aesthetics in the Constructed Environment, Proceedings of the 24th Annual Water Resources Planning and Management Conference. Houston, Texas: American Society of Civil Engineers, pp. 790–797.

Ian McHarg. 1996. “The DMZ in Korea.” In: The International Symposium on Environmental Conversation and Development of DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) in Korean Peninsula. Seoul: Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture & Joong-Ang Development Co., Ltd., June 18–19, 1996.

Ian McHarg. 1995. “Ian McHarg, FASLA, Keynote Address.” In: Karen L. Niles, editor. Renewing the American City, Proceedings of the 1995 Annual Meeting & Expo. Washington, D.C.: American Society of Landscape Architects, p. 15.

Ian L. McHarg. 1993. “This Bug’s for You.” New York Times Book Review (June 6):45–46.

Ian McHarg. 1993. “On Finding the Earth.” GSD News. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, p. 31.

Ian L. McHarg. 1992. “An Ecological Basis for Human Settlement.” In: International Symposium on City Planning in Harmony with the Human–Environment. Japan: Ministry of Construction, pp. 7–25.

James F. Thorne, Ian L. McHarg, Jon Berger, and D. Andrew Pitz. 1990. “Issues for Landscape Ecology in Urban Park Planning.” In: Julius Fabos and Jack Ahern, editors. Proceedings from Selected Educational Sessions of the 1990 American Society of Landscape Architect’s Annual Meeting, Landscape Land Use Planning Committee, October 27–30, San Diego, California, pp. 56–78.

Ian L. McHarg. 1989. “Cities 2000: Transportation and Urban Design.” Anil Verna, editor. Los Angeles: University of California Los Angeles.

Ian McHarg. 1989. “The Legislative Landscape, A Quarterly Update—Summer 1989.” Landscape Architecture News Digest 30(7):7–8.

Ian L. McHarg. 1983. “A Model for Unity.” Penn in Ink (Fall):2.

Ian L. McHarg. 1981. “Ecological Planning of Metropolitan Regions.” A Paper presented at Primer Congreso Internacional de Planificación de Grandes Ciudades (1st Congress of Planning of Major Cities.) Mexico City: Departamento del Distrito Federal, Programa de Intercambio Científico y Capacitación Técnica del Departamento del Distrito Federal, pp. 248–249.

Ian L. McHarg. 1976. “Design with Nature.” In: University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, College of Architecture and Art, Department of Art. On Human Dimensions (Excerpts from papers presented on May 20, 1975 at the John Walley Commemoration Design Conference). Champaign, Illinois: Trustees of the University of Illinois, pp. 37–44.

Ian L. McHarg. 1974. “The Preconditions for Effective Comprehensive Planning for Environmental Quality.” In: Proceedings of the Conference on Landuse Planning: Implications for Citizens and State and Local Governments, March 26–27, Columbus, Ohio, pp. 19–50.

Ian L. McHarg. 1973. “Planning Procedures and Techniques for Environmental Conservation in the Natural Landscape.” In: Planning for Environment Conberiata (International Symposium). Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Planning and the Environment, Institute of Lands Architecture.

Ian McHarg. 1971. “The Consequences of Today.” A record of papers given at the Royal Australian Institute of Architects Centenary Convention, May 22–28, Wentworth Hotel, Sydney. Supplement to Architecture in Australia (August):638–646.

Ian L. McHarg. 1971. “Man: Planetary Disease” (The 1971 B. Y. Morrison Memorial Lecture). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service.

Ian L. McHarg. 1970. “The Plight.” Ecosphere, A News Bulletin of the International Ecology University 1(1, November):10–16.

Ian L. McHarg. 1969. “The Metropolitan View.” In: Transcript of the Proceedings of the Planning Seminar for Water Resources Development. New York City: Department of the Army Corps of Engineers (February).

Ian L. McHarg. 1966. “And in Leisure Time” (manuscript). Urban America Conference Proceedings. Washington, D.C.: Urban America, Inc. (September 11, 12, and 13), pp. 59–71.

Wayne N. Aspinall, Edward C. Crafts, Arthur Greeley, Henry M. Jackson, Philip Lewis, Ian McHarg, Max Nicholson, William H. Whyte, and William J. Lewis. 1965. “Landscape Action Program,” Chapter 16 in Beauty for America, Proceedings of the White House Conference on Natural Beauty, May 24–25, Washington, D.C.: U. S. Government Printing Office, pp. 469–505. (Ian McHarg, specifically, pp. 481–484, see below.)

Ian McHarg. 1965. “Landscape Action Program” (Extract). In: Beauty for America, Proceedings of the White House Conference on Natural Beauty, May 24–25, 1965. Washington, D.C.: U. S. Government Printing Offices, pp. 481–484 (pages of his presentation, whole chapter, pp. 469–505).

Ian L. McHarg. 1964. “Natural Sciences and the Planning Process.” Conference on Natural Resources, the Ford Foundation Discussion Papers. February 27, 28, 29, March 1.

Ian McHarg. 1962. “Ecology of the City: A Plea for Environmental Consciousness.” In: Marcus Whiffen, editor. The Architect and the City (Papers from the AIA-ACSA Teacher Seminar, Cranbrook Academy of Art, June 11–12). Washington, D.C.: AIA Department of Education, pp. 43–58.

2.7 Excerpts from a quest for life

1996. “Mr. McHarg’s Opus.” Planning (May):12–13.

1996. Landscape Architecture 86(3, March):88–93, 99–101.

1996. Harvard Graduate School of Design News (Winter/Spring):44–47.

1996. “In His Own Image.” The Pennsylvania Gazette 94(5, March):38–43.

3 Professional reports, plans, and designs

3.1 University of Pennsylvania projects (1963–1992)

Ian L. McHarg, John Radke, Jonathan Berger, and Kathleen Wallace. 1992. A Prototype Database for a National Ecological Inventory. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Center for Ecological Research in Planning and Design. 1975. Guidelines for Land Resource and Analysis for Planning. Philadelphia: Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania, and Harrisburg: Department of Environmental Resources, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The report was written by Ian L. McHarg, Narendra Juneja, E. Bruce MacDougall, and Jonathan Berger.

Narendra Juneja. 1974. Medford: Performance Requirements for the Maintenance of Social Values Represented by the Natural Environment of Medford Township New Jersey. Philadelphia: Center for Ecological Research in Planning and Design, Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania. Ian L. McHarg, principal investigator; Narendra Juneja, deputy principal investigator and report author; Arthur Sullivan, deputy principal investigator; W. Robinson Fisher, project director; Robert Giegengack; Ronald Hanawalt; Michael Levin; Seymour Subitsky; Ruth Patrick; Thomas Lloyd; Robert Snyder; Victor Yannacone; Arthur Palmer; and University of Pennsylvania graduate students.

University of Pennsylvania. 1963. Metropolitan Open Space from Natural Processes. Philadelphia: Urban Renewal Administration and the States of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Ian L. McHarg, principal investigator; David A. Wallace, project director; Ann Louise Strong; William Grigsby; Anthony Tomazinis; Nohad Toulan; William H. Roberts; Donald Phimister; and Frank Shaw.

Department of Landscape Architecture. 1963. Sea, Storm and Survival, A Study of the New Jersey Shore. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania. Ian L. McHarg, Roger D. Clemence, Ayre M. Dvir, Geoffrey A. Collins, Michael Laurie, William J. Oliphant, and Peter Ker Walker.

3.2 Post Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd professional projects (1981–1994)

Ian McHarg, Cristian Basso, Elke Bilda, Ho-Shu Chou, Buzz Constable, Paul Cote, Iram Farooq, Karen Mans, Sarah Peskin, Girish Ramachandran, and Joel Young. 1994. Mount Desert Island, Maine. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Landscape Architecture Studio, Graduate School of Design, Harvard University.

Ian L. McHarg, John Radke, and Jonathan Berger. 1989. The Settlement Plan. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Domino Farms.

Ian L. McHarg and Jonathan Berger. 1989. A Re-Examination of the Medford Master Plan. Medford, New Jersey.

Ian L. McHarg, James Thorne, Jonathan Berger, John Radke, and Kate Deregibus. 1987–1990. Blue Heron Lake Park Plan. New York, New York: Department of Parks and Recreation.

Ian L. McHarg, Joseph McBride, James Thorne, Steven Sitz, and Lan Shing Huang. 1986. White Oak Ranch Plan. Colusa County, California: Gerald Blakeley.

Ian L. McHarg, Carol A. Smyser, James Thorne, Dorothy Wurman, and Kim Sorvig. 1984–1989. Riverdale Park Plan. New York, New York: Department of Parks and Recreation.

Ian L. McHarg. 1984. Report of Taroko Gorge: Planning a National Parks System for Taiwan. Taipei, Taiwan: Government of the Republic of China.

Ian L. McHarg. 1983. A Proposal to Undertake an Ecological Planning Study for Sedona, Arizona. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Ian L. McHarg. 1981. Comprehensive Plan, Edith Macy National Training Center, Chappaqua, New York. Washington, D.C.: Girl Scouts of America National Council. Ian McHarg, project director; Jorge G. Sanchez-Flores; Robert Turner; Edward Hollander; Barbara Seymour; Robert Giegengack, geomorphologist; William Johnson, biochemist; and Michael Skaller, ecologist.

Ian L. McHarg and M. Paul Friedberg. 1981. Gateway National Park Plan. New York, New York: U.S. National Park Service.

Marty Zeller, Don Walker, Russell Moore, Ian McHarg, and Michael Skaller. 1981. Stewards of the Valley Plan, Evans Ranch. Denver: Colorado Open Land Trust.

3.3 Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd projects (1965–1980)

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1980. Environmental Assessment and Planning Strategies for Indian River Shores, Vero Beach, Florida. Amherst, Massachusetts: Otto Paparazzo. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge, and John Keene. Additional planning and architecture by Callister Payne & Bischoff of Tiburon, California. The project was partially completed. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

International Planning Associates. 1979. The Master Plan for Abuja, The New Federal Capital of Nigeria. Lagos, Nigeria: The Federal Capital Development Authority. Archisystems; Planning Research Corporation; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Abraam Krushkhov, project director; Walter G. Hansen, associate project director; Thomas A. Todd, partner-in-charge for Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd planning and design; Ian L. McHarg supervised the ecological study and others contributed.

International Planning Associates. 1978. A New Federal Capital for Nigeria (Report No. 2. Site Evaluation and Site Selection). Lagos, Nigeria. Archisystems; Planning Research Corporation; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Abraam Krushkhov, project director; Walter G. Hansen, associate project director; Thomas A. Todd, partner-in-charge for Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd planning and design; Ian L. McHarg, technical review; and others.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd in association with Economic Research Associates and Alan M. Voorhees Associates, Inc. 1978. Denver Metropolitan Areawide Environmental Impact Statement (Volume I, Introduction, Summary, and Conclusions). Denver: Regional VIII, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Ian L. McHarg, George Toop, John Beckman, and Anne Spirn. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1978. Ecological Study for Northwestern Colorado Council of Governments. Frisco, Colorado: Northwestern Colorado Council of Governments. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Michael Clarke, associate partner; Robert Giegengack; Arthur Johnson; and Richard Nalbandian. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1978. “208” Study for Detroit Metropolitan Area. Detroit, Michigan: Southwest Michigan Council of Governments. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge, Michael Clarke, David Hamme, and Ronald Walters. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Circa 1977. Laguna Creek Study. Sacramento, California: Laguna Creek. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge, Michael Clarke, and Robert Grunewald. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1977. “208” Study for Toledo, Ohio, Toledo, Ohio: Toledo Metropolitan Area Council of Governments. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge, and Michael Clarke. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1977. Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority F Route Environmental Impact Study. Washington, D.C.: Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge, David Hamme, associate, and Richard Nalbandian. The F Route is now known as the Green Line of the Washington D.C. Metro. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Ian L. McHarg. 1976. Regional Goals for Planned Growth. Prepared for the Toledo Metropolitan Area Council for Governments. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Ian L. McHarg, Michael Clarke, and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Ian L. McHarg. 1976. Evaluation of Major 208 Facility Plans. Prepared for the Toledo Metropolitan Area Council of Governments. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Ian L. McHarg, Michael Clarke, and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1976. Environmental Resources of the Toronto Central Waterfront. Prepared for the Central Waterfront Planning Committee, City of Toronto. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Winchell Press. Ian McHarg, partner-in-charge, Narendra Juneja, senior associate partner; Anne Spirn, project director; Carol Reifsnyder; Clive Goodwin; Arthur Johnson; Marta Griffiths; Roger Smith; Beth Kitchen; William Robinson; John Czarnowski; Jane Laughlin; Margaret Dewey; John Purkess; and Rodney Robinson. Narendra Juneja was the project leader with Anne Spirn playing a major role. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1976. Lake Austin Growth Management Plan. Austin, Texas: City of Austin, Department of Planning. William H. Roberts, partner-in-charge; Ian L. McHarg, partner; Michael G. Clarke, senior associate partner/project director; Narendra Juneja, senior associate partner; Susan Drew; Beth Kitchen; Anne Whiston Spirn; Mukund Lokhande; Carol Reifsnyder; Richard Nalbandian; Jane Laughlin; Espey, Huston and Associates, Incorporated, hydrologic studies; and Richard Lillie, director, Department of Planning, City of Austin. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The Mandala Collaborative/Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1975. Pardisan, Plan for an Environmental Park in Tehran. Prepared for the Department of Environment, Imperial Government of Iran. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Winchell Press. The report was written by Ian L. McHarg, assisted by W. Robinson Fisher, Anne Spirn, and Narendra Juneja. Eskandar Firouz and Jahangir Sedaghatfar were responsible from the Iran Department of the Environment. Nadar Ardalan and others from the Mandala Collaborative of Tehran were involved in the planning. Many Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd staff were involved including William Roberts; Colin Franklin, project director; Tom Atkins; Rob Turner; Richard Collier; Tim Van Epp; Carol Franklin; Leslie and Rolf Sauer; Ed Boyer; and Siddartha Thakar; in addition to those who assisted writing the report and others. Several Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd project staff, including Neal Belanger and Vicki Steiger, lived and worked in Iran for periods of the project. Key consultants included: Yehudi Cohen, Charles Eames, R. Buckminster Fuller, Glen Fleck, David R. Goddard, David Hancocks, Brian Spooner, Solomon Katz, Jones and Jones (especially Jon Coe of their staff), and Sven Svendsen. Hosein Nasr was an advisor to the project.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1974. San Francisco Metropolitan Regional Environmental Impact Procedure Study, California. San Francisco: Bay Area Council of Governments. David Wallace, partner-in-charge; Ian L. McHarg, consulting partner; Richard Nalbandian; Ed Boyer; Carol Reifsnyder; Leslie Sauer; John Rogers; Frits Golden; Robert Pierson; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1974. Owl Creek. A Feasibility Study for Future Development. Houston, Texas: Mitchell Development Corporation of the Southwest. Ian L. McHarg, supervising partner; Narendra Juneja, senior associate partner; David C. Hamme, senior associate partner; Colin Franklin, project director, Mukund Lokhande; Faye Brandon; Hans Harald Grote; Carol Reifsnyder; Jane Laughlin; A. Allen Dyer and others from Colorado State University; Thomas Prather; F. Robert McGregor; Kenneth R. Wright; and Charles Wolcott.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1974. Woodlands New Community, An Ecological Plan. Houston, Texas: The Woodlands Development Corporation. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Jonathan S. Sutton; Narendra Juneja; Richard Nalbandian; Dennis McGlade; Doris Zorensky Cheng; Mukund Lokhande; Anne Whiston Spirn; Colin Franklin; Leslie Sauer; William P. Lowry; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1974. Woodlands New Community, An Ecological Inventory. Houston, Texas: The Woodlands Development Corporation. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Narendra Juneja, associate-in-charge; James Veltman, project manager; Richard Nalbandian; Dennis McGlade; Doris Zorensky Cheng; Jonathan Sutton; Colin Franklin; Leslie Sauer; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1974. Woodlands New Community, Phase One: Land Planning and Design Principles. Houston, Texas: The Woodlands Development Corporation. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Jonathan S. Sutton; Narendra Juneja; Richard Nalbandian; Dennis McGlade; Anne Whiston Spirn; Doris Zorensky Cheng; Mukund Lokhande; Colin Franklin; Leslie Sauer; William P. Lowry; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1973. Woodlands New Community, Guidelines for Site Planning. Houston, Texas: The Woodlands Development Corporation. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Jonathan Sutton, associate partner-in-charge; Richard Nalbandian; Anne Whiston Spirn, project director; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1973. Pardisan, A Feasibility Study for an Environmental Park in Tehran, Iran, for the Imperial Government of Iran. William H. Roberts, partner-in-charge; Ian L. McHarg, participating partner; Colin Franklin, project captain; Leslie Sauer; Ross Bateup; Charles Fleisher; Richard Nalbandian; William Becker; Dennis McGlade; Sven Svendsen; Nader Ardalan; Jack McCormick; Theodore Reed; Brian Spooner; R. Buckminster Fuller; and others.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1973. Progress Report: Evolution of Land Planning and Design Guidelines for Eaton’s Neck Point, Asherochen, Long Island, New York. Amherst Fields, Amherst, Massachusetts: Otto Paparazzo. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Jonathan S. Sutton, project director; Leslie Jones Sauer; Oscar R. Martinez-Conill; Mihran R. Nalbandian; Edward Boyer; Mark Weglarz; Charles Watson; Anne Spirn; Carol Reifsnyder; Charles Barnett; Orville Terry; and John Burger. In collaboration with Callister Payne & Bischoff of Tiburon, California, master planners and architects. The project was not completed. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd in association with Tippetts, Abbett, McCarthy, Stratton and Gladstone Associates. 1973. Pontchartrain New-Town-in-Town, New Orleans, Louisiana. Dallas, Texas: Murchison Brothers, Pontchartrain Land Corporation. David A. Wallace, managing partner; Ian L. McHarg, partner; William H. Roberts, partner; Thomas A. Todd, partner; Richard W. Huffman; Narendra Juneja; Donald H. Brackenbush; David C. Hamme; Michael G. Clarke; Robert Gladstone; Dennis McGlade; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1973. Hugh Moore Parkway. Easton, Pennsylvania: The Hugh Moore Parkway Commission. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Thomas Todd, contributing partner; Michael Clarke, associate partner-in-charge; Narendra Juneja, contributing associate partner; Doris Cheng; Colin Franklin; Dennis McGlade; Carolyn Jones; Leslie Sauer; Edward Boyer; Margaret Dewey; Caren Glotfelty; Carol Reifsnyder; Donald Phoenix; Frank Gill and Rick Mullen of the Academy of Natural Sciences; J. C. Fisher Motz; Carol Franklin; Liz Colley; and James Reilly, executive director, Hugh Moore Parkway. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1973. Outer Wilmington Beltway Corridor Study. Dover: Delaware Department of Highways and Transportation, Division of Highways. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Narendra Juneja; David Hamme; E. Bruce MacDougall; Lewis D. Hopkins; Ed Boyer; Meir Gross; and Dennis McGlade. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1973. Towards a Comprehensive Plan for Environmental Quality. Washington, D.C.: American Institute of Planners for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge, Gerald R. Mylroie was the American Institute Planners (AIP) project director. An AIP advisory group was formed which included Robert C. Einsweiler, chairman, Alan Kreditor, James C. Park, Robert Paternoster, E. Jack Schoop, Paul H. Sedway, and Harold F. Wise. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1972. Study of the Integrity of Chesapeake Bay. Annapolis: Maryland Department of State Planning and Chesapeake Bay Interagency Planning Committee. David Wallace, partner-in-charge. (Ian McHarg had a minor consulting role.) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1972. An Ecological Planning Study for Wilmington and Dover, Vermont. Brattleboro, Vermont: Windham Regional Planning and Development Commission and the Vermont State Planning Office. Ian McHarg, project director; Michael Clarke, project manager; David Hamme; Narendra Juneja; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Circa 1972. Comprehensive Planning Study of the Piedmont District, New Castle County, Delaware. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; David C. Hamme, project director; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Development Research Associates and Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1972. Ecology-Natural Suitabilities for Regional Growth. Denver: Regional Transportation District. William H. Roberts, partner-in-charge; Ian L. McHarg, consulting partner; Ross Whaley, reconnaissance coordinator, and others from Colorado State University; F. A. Branson; R. F. Miller; R. S. Aro; Dennis McGlade; Ed Boyer; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Development Research Associates and Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1972. Regional Growth 1971–2000. Denver: Regional Transportation District. William H. Roberts, partner-in-charge; Ian L. McHarg, consulting partner; Dennis McGlade; Ed Boyer; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Development Research Associates and Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1971. Ecological Studies of the Regional Transportation District, Denver, Colorado (Interim Technical Memorandum, Task 5 of the Joint Venture). Denver: Regional Transportation District. William H. Roberts, partner-in-charge; Ian L. McHarg, consulting partner; Ross Whaley, reconnaissance coordinator; William Marlatt; Stanley Schumm; Robert Longenbaugh; Robert Heil; Dale Romine; William Moir; and Harold Steinhoff.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1971. Amelia Island, Florida, A Report on the Master Planning Process for a Recreational New Community. Hilton Head Island, South Carolina: The Sea Pines Company. William H. Roberts, partner-in-charge; Jonathan Sutton, project director; Ian L. McHarg, consultant partner; Jack McCormick, vegetation studies and coordinator of the work of natural scientists; Dennis McGlade; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1971. Ecological Planning Study for the New Community. Houston, Texas: George Mitchell Development Corporation. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1970. Skippack Creek Ecological Study, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Norristown, Pennsylvania: Commissioners of Montgomery County and the Supervisor of Lower Providence Township. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Michael Clarke; Ruth Patrick; and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1969. An Ecological Study for Twin Cities Metropolitan Region, Minnesota. Prepared for Metropolitan Council of the Twin Cities Area. Philadelphia: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Series. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Narendra Juneja; Ravindra Bhan; Charles Meyers; Derik Sutphin; James Veltman; Michael Clarke; Thomas Dickert; Robert Drummond; Keith Grey; Anthony Neville; Richard Ragan; and Mark Turnbull. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Late 1960s. Sunstein Garden. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Lee and Emily Sunstein. Ian L. McHarg, landscape architect. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1969. An Ecological Study for the Future Public Improvement of the Borough of Richmond (Staten Island). New York: City of New York Office of Staten Island Development, Borough President of Richmond and Park, Recreation and Cultural Affairs Administration. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Narendra Juneja, Charles Meyers, Derik Sutphin, Robert Drummond, Richard Ragan, Ravindra Bhan, Archibald Reid, and Howard M. Higbee. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1968. Least Social Cost Corridor Study for Richmond Parkway, New York City. New York: New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Narendra Juneja, project supervisor; Derik Sutphin; Lindsay Robertson; and Charles Meyers. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1967. Toward a Comprehensive Landscape Plan for Washington, D.C. Prepared for the National Capital Planning Commission. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Narendra Juneja; Derik Sutphin; Charles R. Meyers, Jr.; Karen Meyers; Lindsay Robertson; and Robert Drummond. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1966. The Lower Manhattan Plan. New York: New York City Planning Commission. David Wallace, partner-in-charge, and Ian L. McHarg, William Roberts and Thomas Todd, consulting partners. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1966. The Lower Manhattan Plan, Summary Report. New York: New York City Planning Commission. David Wallace, partner-in-charge, and Ian L. McHarg, William Roberts, and Thomas Todd, consulting partners. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Mid 1960s. Red Clay Creek Reservation Study, New Castle County, Delaware. Red Clay Creek Association. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. Mid 1960s. West Point Area Study, Hudson River Valley, New York. Tarrytown, New York: Hudson River Valley Commission. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

American Institute of Architects Task Force on the Potomac; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd; and the University of Pennsylvania. 1965–1966. The Potomac. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. David Wallace, partner-in-charge, Ian McHarg, Narendra Juneja, Nicholas Muhlenberg, D. Bradford, S. Manwell Bradford, John Chitty, Barry Christie, Marjorie Dawson, Gary Felgemaker, Richard Galantowicz, Louise Kao Leach, Charles Meyers, John Murphy, William Rosenberg, James Sinatra, Griet Terpstra, Joachim Tourbier, Richard Westmacott, and Mary Wolfe.

Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd. 1965. A Comprehensive Highway Route Selection Method Applied to I-95 between the Delaware and Raritan Rivers. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton Committee on I-95. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; Narendra Juneja; and Lindsay Robertson. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

3.4 Wallace-McHarg Associates projects (1963–1964)

Wallace-McHarg Associates. 1964. Inner Harbor Master Plan. Baltimore, Maryland: City of Baltimore. David Wallace, partner-in-charge; Ian McHarg, consulting partner with Thomas Todd, William Roberts, Narendra Juneja, and Lindsay Robertson. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace-McHarg Associates. 1964. Plan for the Valleys. Towson, Maryland: Green Spring and Worthington Valley Planning Council. David A. Wallace, Ian L. McHarg, Thomas A. Todd, William H. Roberts, Ann Louise Strong, William G. Grigsby, Nohad Toulan, Anthony Tomazinas, and others. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace-McHarg Associates. 1963. May’s Chapel Village, Greenspring Valley, Maryland. Baltimore County, Maryland: Keelty Realty Corporation. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge, and William Roberts, project director. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wallace-McHarg Associates. 1963. Lauer Farm. Wyomissing, Pennsylvania: Wyomissing Foundation. Ian L. McHarg, partner-in-charge; William Roberts; and Nicholas Muhlenberg. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

3.5 As Ian L. McHarg, landscape architect (1945 to 1962) landscape plans and designs for the following

3.5.1 Parks and plazas

Southwest Washington Town Center Park, Washington, D.C. (1962)

Delaware River Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Farragut Square, Washington, D.C.

York Memorial Park, York, Pennsylvania

Fables Memorial Park, Cranford, New Jersey

Maple Shade Park, Maple Shade, New Jersey

Springfield Township, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Swiss Pines, Phoenixville, Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania State Office Building, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1955)

3.5.2 Universities, schools and colleges

Germantown Friends School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (with Anthony J. Walmsley and Michael Langlay-Smith, 1960–61)

Medical Research Building, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Louis I. Kahn, Architect, with Anthony J. Walmsley, 1960)

Botany Building, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (with Anthony Walmsley, 1960)

Campus, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (with Anthony J. Walmsley, 1959–60)

Woodland Avenue Gardens, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1955)

Plattsburg Junior College, Plattsburg, New York

Stamford Nursery School, Stamford, Connecticut

3.5.3 Housing

Southwark Public Housing, Society Hill, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Oscar Stonarov and Frank Haws, architects, 1959)

Red Rock Heights, San Francisco, California

Jenkintown Apartments, Jenkintown, Pennsylvania

Eastwick New House Study, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Eastwick, Area #1, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Henry Meigs Development, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

3.5.4 Shopping and town centers

Cheltenham Shopping Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Solomon Kaplan, Architect, and with contributions by Anthony J. Walmsley and Michael Langlay-Smith 1959–60)

Newtongrange Town Center, Newtongrange, Scotland

3.5.5 Gardens

Mrs. Albert M. Greenfield, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (with Anthony J. Walmsley, 1959–60)

Lloyd Wells, Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania

Miller House, Norristown, Pennsylvania

Lawrence K. Meltzer, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

3.5.6 Cemetery

Design of Cemetery for British Soldiers Killed in Action in Greece, Athens, Greece: British Army War Graves Commission (1945)

3.6 Miscellaneous professional report

Lt. McHarg, editor and collator, and Major McNeil, translator. 1943. Report on Destruction and Repairs to Apulian Aqueduct. Bari, Italy: Allied Army Command (September–October).

4 Films, television, and video

Charlie Rose. 1997. The Charlie Rose Show. New York: PBS (April 14).

Chris Zelov, Producer. 1994. Ecological Design: Inventing the Future. Cape May, New Jersey: Ecological Design Project. Ian McHarg appears in this film about design and planning projects influenced by R. Buckminster Fuller.

Joan Saffa, Producer. 1991. Lawrence and Anna Halprin: Inner Landscapes. San Francisco: KQED-TV. Ian McHarg appeared in the documentary.

Frederick Steiner, Bob Curry, and Bill Wagner. 1979. The Only Essential IndustryFarmlands Preservation in Whitman County, Washington. Pullman, Washington: KWSU-TV Film Documentary. Ian McHarg was interviewed in the documentary.

Glen Fleck, Producer. 1977. Pardisan. Venice, California: Charles Eames Studio.

Austin Hoyt, Producer. Ian McHarg, organizer and on-screen host. 1969. Multiply and Subdue the Earth. Boston: WGBH.

Ian L. McHarg. 1960–61. The House We Live In (TV Series). New York: CBS; Philadelphia: WCAU-TV. Guests included Harlow Shapley, David Goddard, Carleton Coon, Margaret Mead, Abraham Heschel, Gustave Weigel, Paul Tillich, Swami Nikhilananda, Alan Watts, Erich Fromm, Julian Huxley, Loren Eiseley, Lewis Mumford, Arnold Toynbee, Alexander Leighton, Kenneth Rexroth, Frank Frazer Darling, Luna Leopold, and others.

5 Profiles, critical reviews, and obituaries

Frederick Steiner. 2008. “Ian McHarg.” In: Charles A. Birnbaum and Stephanie Foell, editors. Pioneers of American Landscape Design II. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.

Frederick Steiner. 2004. “Healing the Earth: The Relevance of Ian McHarg’s Work for the Future.” Philosophy & Geography 7(1):141–149.

Ann Forsyth. 2002. “Planning Lessons from Three U.S. New Towns of the 1960s and 1970s: Irvine, Columbia, and The Woodlands.” Journal of the American Planning Association 68(4):387–417.

Frederick Steiner. 2001. “Following Nature’s Lead.” Landscape Architecture 91(7, July):60–65, 96, 97.

Frederick Steiner. 2001. “Ian L. McHarg, 1920–2001.” Landscape Journal 20(1): VI.

William J. Cohen. 2001. “Ian McHarg’s Triumph.” Planning 67(5, May):10–13.

Andrew C. Revkin. 2001. “Ian McHarg, 80, Architect Who Valued a Site’s Natural Features.” New York Times (March 12):A17.

James M. O’Neill. 2001. “Ian McHarg, 80, Penn Professor, Innovative Environmental Thinker.” The Philadelphia Inquirer (March 7): B05.

Anne Whiston Spirn. 2000. “Ian McHarg, Landscape Architecture, and Environmentalism: Ideas and Methods in Context.” In: Michael Conan, editor. Environmentalism in Landscape Architecture. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, pp. 97–114.

Kan Shulman. 2000. “The Gospel According to Ian McHarg.” Metropolis (August/September):86–89, 103, 105.

____________. 2000. “McHarg to Receive Japan Prize.” Gazette 98(4):19.

Marie McCullough. 1999. “Ecology Pioneer is Honored.” Philadelphia Inquirer (December 18):A20.

Wendy A. Kellogg. 1999. “Book review of To Heal the Earth.” Journal of the American Planning Association 65(Summer, 3):335–336.

Herbert Gottfried. 1999. “Book review of To Heal the Earth.” Environmental History 4(2):288–289.

Laughlin Fawcett. 1999. “Book review of To Heal the Earth.” Landscape Architecture 89(1, January):83.

Grady Clay. 1998. “The Woodlands.” Landscape Architecture 88(9, September):131–132.

Gillian Darley. 1997. “Life in the Limelight.” (Review of A Quest for Life). The Architectural Review CCII (1207, September):96.

Michael Maynard. 1997. “McHarg’s Visit Energizes Landscape Architects, Planners in Alaska.” LAND 37(7, July/August):1–2.

John Stuart-Murray. 1997. “Book review of A Quest for Life.” Landscape Design 262(July/August):43.

Jan Beyea. 1997. “Straight Talk: Reminiscences from the Father of Landscape Ecology.” Audubon Magazine (May–June):113–116.

E. Bruce MacDougall. 1997. “Book review of A Quest for Life.” Journal of the American Planning Association 63(Spring, 2):301–302.

Karen Auerbach. 1997. “His Work Continues, Naturally,” The Philadelphia Inquirer (April 20):B1 and B6.

Robert Yaro. 1997. “Book Review of A Quest for Life: An Autobiography.” Urban Design Update, Newsletter of the Institute for Urban Design 13(2, March/April):2–3.

Ruth Knack. 1997. “Utopia!” AICP Awards, Planning Landmarks and Pioneers. Planning (April):22–24.

_____________. 1996. “Book Review of A Quest for Life: An Autobiography.” The Washington Post Book World XXVI (27, 7 July):13.

Lawrence Halprin. 1996. “Book Review of A Quest for Life: An Autobiography.” The Quarterly Review of Landscape Architecture and Garden Design Publications. Land Books (Winter):8.

Sir Peter Shepheard. 1996. “Book Review of A Quest for Life: An Autobiography.” The Quarterly Review of Landscape Architecture and Garden Design Publications. Land Books (Winter):9.

Julius Gy. Fabos. 1996. “Book review of A Quest for Life.” Landscape and Urban Planning 36:79–83.

Robert Hsin. 1996. “Review of A Quest for Life.” edesign 3(3, June):6

Akiko Ishii. 1996. “Ian McHarg: Ecological Planning” (in Japanese). BIO-City (8, Spring):2–17.

Ruth Knack. 1996. “An Optimist Views the World.” Planning (May):13.

Robert Campbell. 1996. “Whose Dominion?” New York Times (May 5):20.

________. 1996. “Book review of A Quest for Life.” Publishers Weekly (March 25):75–76.

Françoise Fromonot. 1996. “Correction écologique” (Book review of 25th Anniversary Edition of Design with Nature). l’architecture d’aujourd’Hui 303 (Févier):24.

David Salvesen. 1994. “The Woodlands, Special Award, The 1994 ULI Awards for Excellence.” Urban Land 53(12):24.

Cynthia L. Girling. 1994. “The Marketing of Recreation and Nature: The Woodlands, Texas Revisited.” In: Robert G. Ribe, Robert Z. Melnick, and Kerry Ken Cairn, editors. CELA 1993 Public Lands/scapes Proceedings of the 1993 Conference of the Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture. Washington, D.C.: Landscape Architecture Foundation, pp. 43–56.

Richard Ingersoll. 1994. “L’Orizzonte perduto delle città nuove: The Woodlands e Almere nella vastità megalopolitana” (The lost horizon of new towns: The Woodlands and Almere in the megalopolitan sprawl). Casabella 614:22–35. (English summary pages 70–71.)

Amedeo Petrilli. 1993. “Design with Nature [by] Ian L. McHarg [book review].” Spazio e Societa 16(64, October–December):127–128.

Daniel S. Smith. 1993. “The Woodlands, Texas.” In: Daniel S. Smith and Paul Cawood Hellmund, editors. Ecology of Greenways. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 196–202.

William Thompson. 1991. “A Natural Legacy: Ian McHarg and His Followers.” Planning 57(11):14–19.

Laura Biondi. 1990. “Progettare con la Natura.” Casabella 54(574, December):29.

Heidi Landecker. 1990. “In Search of an Arbiter.” Landscape Architecture 80(1):86–90.

John Gilbert Widrick. 1990. “Ian McHarg.” In: Ann L. Strong and George E. Thomas, editors. The Book of the School. Philadelphia: Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania. pp. 178–179.

Marshall Ledger. 1987. “On Getting the Lay of the Land.” The Pennsylvania Gazette 85(4):30–36.

Joseph C. Dunstan. 1983. “Design with Nature, 14 Years Later.” Landscape Architecture 73(1, January):59 and 61.

Keith Croes. 1982. “Profile: Ian McHarg.” County Lines V(X, June):18–25.

Brenda J. Lee. 1982. “An Ecological Comparison of the McHarg Method with other Planning Initiatives in the Great Lakes Basin.” Landscape Planning 9:147–169.

Harvey Shapiro. 1979. “The Introduction of the McHargian Method to Japan.” Landscape Architecture 69(6, November):575–577.

Constance Holden. 1977. “Ian McHarg: Champion for Design with Nature.” Science 195(4276, 28 January):379–382.

Constance Holden. 1977. “Ian McHarg: Champion for Design with Nature.” Landscape Architecture 67(2, March):154–156 and 180.

Lewis D. Hopkins. 1977. “Methods for Generating Land Suitability Maps: A Comparative Evaluation.” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 43(4):386–400.

Yukihisa Isobe and Harvey A. Shapiro. 1977. “Ecological Planning: Its Method and Application, Part II, The Implications of Ecological Planning Regions for Land Use Policy Making and Planning in Japan” (Special Issue). Kenchiku Bunka 32(367, May):29–152. (In Japanese).

Yukihisa Isobe, Harvey A. Shapiro, and Teiji Ito. 1975. “Ecological Planning: Its Method and Application, Part I” (Special Issue). Kenchiku Bunka 30(344, June):47–136. (In Japanese).

Andrew J. Gold. 1974. “Design with Nature: A Critique.” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 40(4):284–286.

_______. 1974. “Planner McHarg on Cities, Cars and Chicken Dung.” People Weekly (April):48–51.

Dennis Farney. 1974. “Land Politics.” The Atlantic Monthly 233(1, January):10–17.

David Streatfield. 1972. “Ideas into Landscape: Leaders do not Wait to be Called.” Landscape Architecture 62(2):148–151.

Jean-Paul Viguiar. 1972. “L’évaluation d’impact des décisions sur l’environnement: Trois approaches Américaines.” Urbanisme: Revue Française 41(129):11–14.

Irene Kiefer. 1972. “An Angry Advocate for Nature’s Plans.” Smithsonian 2(10, January):54–57.

Robert McClintock. 1971. “Book review of Design with Nature.” Main Currents in Modern Thought 7:133–135.

Michael Laurie. 1971. “Notes on Professor Ian McHarg.” Edinburgh Architectural Association Yearbook 15:97–103.

Michael Laurie. 1971. “Scoring McHarg: Low on Method, High on Values.” Landscape Architecture 61:206,248.

Edmund Fuller. 1971. “McHarg: Seeking a Humane City.” The Wall Street Journal (December 27):6.

Dennis Farney. 1971. “Father Nature.” The Wall Street Journal CLXXVIII (42, August):1.

R. Burton Litton, Jr. and Martin Kieieger. 1971. “Book review of Design with Nature.” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 37(1):50–52.

Y. Isobe. 1971. “Leaders for Tomorrow’s America: V = Ian L. McHarg, Design With Nature.” Kenchiku Bunka 26(291, January):149–166. (In Japanese).

Max Ways. 1970. “How to Think About the Environment.” Fortune 81(2):98.0

Roger Barnard. 1970. “Man in Nature: On Ian McHarg.” Journal of the Royal Institute of Architects 77(May):211–212.

Ursula Cliff. 1970. “Ian McHarg: The Designer as Ecologist.” Design and Environment 1(2):28–32, 65.

_________. 1969. “Environment–The Land: How to Design with Nature.” Time 94(15, October 10):70–71.

_________. 1969. “Ian McHarg vs. Us Anthropocentric Clods.” Life 67(7, August 15):48B–48D.

_________. 1969. “Ian L. McHarg.” Parks & Recreation 4(7, July):27–29.

Raymond K. Belknap and John G. Furtado. 1968. “The Natural Land Unit as a Planning Base.” Landscape Architecture 58(2):145–147.

Raymond K. Belknap and John G. Furtado. 1967. Three Approaches to Environmental Resource Analysis. Washington, D.C.: The Conservation Foundation.

Kassler, Elizabeth B. 1964. “Ian McHarg: Project for Town Center Park, South West Washington, D.C. 1962.” Modern Gardens and the Landscape. New York: The Museum of Modern Art.

Edward J. Milne. 1950. “Providence Tomorrow?” The Rhode Islander Magazine (Providence Sunday Journal) (June 11):1–6. (A review of Harvard graduate student plan for downtown Providence, Rhode Island. The team included Robert L. Geddes, William J. Conklin, Ian L. McHarg, and Marvin Sevely).

6 Published interviews and panel discussions

Kim A. O’Connell, editor. 1999. “The Profession in Memory.” Landscape Architecture 89(11):164–169.

GIS World Interview. 1995. “Ian McHarg Reflects on the Past, Present and Future of GIS, 1995 GIS World Lifetime Achievement Award Winner.” GIS World (October):46–48.

Louise Mozingo. 1995. “Ecologically Informed Designers, An Interview with Ian McHarg.” On the Ground 1(2):1–4.

E. Lynn Miller and Sidónio Pardal. 1992. The Classic McHarg, An Interview. Lisbon, Portugal: CESUR, Technical University of Lisbon.

Michael Leccese. 1990. “At the Beginning, Looking Back.” Landscape Architecture 80(10, October):92–97.

Cliff Ellis, editor. 1987–88. “Ian McHarg on City Planning.” Berkeley Planning Journal 3(2):34–55.

Larry Paul Fuller, editor. 1985. “The Land: America The Beautiful” (Panel discussion including Ian McHarg). In: The Land, the City and the Human Spirit. Austin, Texas: University of Texas, pp. 18–20.

Ed Hollander, editor. 1982. “An Interview with Ian McHarg.” Penn in Ink (Spring):41–43.

Charles Blessing, Edmund N. Bacon, Oscar Newman, Ian McHarg, and George Ramsey. 1978. “Five Experts Describe their Concept of the Ideal City.” Planning 44(11, December):30–33.

MY (pseudonym, author’s full name unknown). 1976. “What Do We Use for Lifeboats When the Ship Goes Down? Conversations with Robert Reiner, John Todd, Ian McHarg, Paolo Soleri, and Richard Saul Wurman.” Harper Colophone, New York. Copyright held by “Observations From the Treadmill, RFD 1, Union, Maine 04862.” Interview with McHarg is referred to as Lifeboat #3, pp. 99–120.

Urban Design Jury (Charles A. Blessing, M. Paul Friedberg, and Ian L. McHarg). 1972. “No Awards, No Citations.” Progressive Architecture 53(January):102–109.

James Nathan Miller. 1970. “A Sensible Plan for Future Development.” Reader’s Digest 97(580):77–81. Translated into Italian: “Evitiamo che il progresso distrugga l’ambiente.” Selezione del Reader’s Digest (Ottobre):35–39.

Ian McHarg and Athelstan Spilhaus. 1970. “Two Views of the Environmental–Ecological Problems” (Excerpts from talks at the Sixth Annual Architects and Engineers Forum in Los Angeles, April 14th, on “Cities in the 70’s”). Environmental Design: West 1(4, August–September).

_____________. 1957. Proceedings of the National Conference on Instruction in Landscape Architecture. Asilomar, Pacific Grove, California (July 5–7).

7 Slide-tape presentation

Monica Pidgeon. 1984. Ian McHarg, Ecological Planning. London, England: Pidgeon Audio Visual.

8 Miscellaneous

Susan Hines. 2006. “The Multitasking Megafirm.” Landscape Architecture 96 (3, March): 62, 64–68, 70–75.

Ann Forsyth. 2005. “Evolution of an Ecoburb.” Landscape Architecture 95 (7, July): 60, 62, 64, 66–69.

Ann Forsyth. 2005. Reforming Suburbia: The Planned Communities of Irvine, Columbia, and The Woodlands. Berkeley: University of California Press.

David A. Wallace. 2004. Urban Planning/My Way. Chicago: APA Planners Press.

Gerald F. Vaughn. 2004. “Sheffield’s Richard P. Wakefield: Advocate for Human Values, World Futures, and the Environment.” Historical Journal of Massachusetts XXXII (2):198–213.

Mark Mao, Becky Ziebro, and Ann Patton. 2004. “Tulsa Turnaround: From Disaster to Sustainability.” Natural Hazards Review 5(1):1–9.

Roger Galatas with Jim Barlow. 2004. The Woodlands: The Inside Story of Creating a Better Hometown. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Land Institute.

Ann Forsyth. 2003. “Ian McHarg’s Woodlands: A Second Look.” Planning (August):10–13.

William John Cohen. 2003. A Critical Assessment of Ian McHarg’s Human Ecological Planning Curriculum at the University of Pennsylvania (Ph.D. dissertation). Philadelphia: Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Pennsylvania.

Ann Forsyth. 2002. “Planning Lessons from Three U.S. New Towns of the 1960s and 1970s: Irvine, Columbia, and The Woodlands.” Journal of the American Planning Association 68(4):387–415.

Forster Ndubisi. 2002. Ecological Planning: A Historical and Comparative Synthesis. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Harvey A. Shapiro. 1997. Ecological Planning in East Asia: Its Past, Present and Future (Doctor of Agriculture dissertation). Kyoto, Japan: Faculty of Agriculture.

Michael Leccese. 1997. “Ship Shape.” Landscape Architecture 87(7, September):34–39.

Richard Ingersoll. 1994. “Utopia Limited: Houston’s Ring Around the Beltway.” Cite 31 (Winter–Spring):10–16.

Peter Wood. 1994. “37,000 Woodlanders Can’t Be Wrong.” Cite 31 (Winter–Spring):17.

Russell Clive Claus. 1994. The Woodlands, Texas: A Retrospective Critique of the Principles and Implementation of An Ecological Planned Development (Master of City Planning thesis). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Peter Walker and Melanie Simo. 1994. Invisible Gardens: The Search for Modernism in the American Landscape. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. (The authors include a chapter, “The Environment: Science Overshadows Art,” in which McHarg’s work is featured, while contributions by other leading landscape architects are briefly mentioned.)

Cynthia L. Girling and Kenneth I. Helphand. 1994. Yard.Street.Park. New York: John Wiley and Sons. (The authors describe the planning of The Woodlands and its contribution to new community design.)

James Bischoff. 1991. “From Barn to Royal Cottage: The Planning of Old Farms Forest-Devonwood, USA.” Ekistics 58(346–347):97–109.

Ann L. Strong and George E. Thomas. 1990. The Book of the School: 100 Years. Philadelphia: Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania.

Frederick Steiner, Gerald Young, and Ervin Zube. 1988. “Ecological Planning: Retrospect and Prospect.” Landscape Journal 7(1):31–39.

Nao Hauser. 1987. “New Year’s Dinner from a Country Kitchen.” Bon Appetit 32(1):76–84.

George T. Morgan, Jr. and John O. King. 1987. The Woodlands: New Community Development, 19641983. College Station: Texas A & M Press.

Philip Bedient, Alejandro Flores, Steven Johnson, and Plato Pappas. 1985. “Floodplain Storage and Land Use Analysis at The Woodlands, Texas.” Water Resources Bulletin 21(4):543–551.

Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning. 1985. “501 Course Primer.” Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania.

Thomas Todd. 1984. “The Master Plan for Abuja, The New Federal Capital of Nigeria.” In: F. R. Steiner and H. N. van Lier, editors. Land Conservation and Development: Examples of Land-Use Planning Projects and Programs. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 115–144.

Anne Whiston Spirn. 1984. The Granite Garden. Urban Nature and Human Design. New York: Basic Books. (Professor Spirn includes discussion about The Woodlands New Town. She was a participant in the planning and design of The Woodlands.)

Grady Clay. 1982. “On Baltimore’s Inner Harbor.” Landscape Architecture 72(6, November/December):48–53.

Simpson Lawson. 1982. “Baltimore Re-Examined.” AIA Journal 71(13, November):56–63.

Arthur E. Palmer. 1981. Toward Eden. Winterville, North Carolina: Creative Resource Systems, Inc.

Narendra Juneja and James Veltman. 1980. “Natural Drainage in The Woodlands.” In: J. Toby Tourbier and Richard Westmacott, editors. Stormwater Management Alternatives. Newark: Water Resources Center, University of Delaware, pp. 143–157.

Thomas A. Todd. 1980. “Nigeria Plans Its New Capital.” Urban Design International 1(2, January–February):12–17.

Noel Moffett. 1980. “Abuja—The Pros and Cons.” West African Technical Review (July):94–99.

Noel Moffett. 1980. “Abuja: The City of the Future.” West African Technical Review (June):68–69.

Noel Moffett. 1980. “Abuja: The City Plan.” West African Technical Review (May):76–78.

Noel Moffett. 1980. “Abuja: The Regional Plan.” West African Technical Review (March):116–120.

Ajose-Adedgun and Abubakar Koko. 1979. “Nigeria Builds Abuja in the Shadow of Aso Hill.” Architectural Record 165(June):37.

Noel Moffett. 1978. “The Federal Capital City, Part Two.” West African Technical Review (May):107–111.

Noel Moffett. 1978. “Nigeria’s New Federal Capital City.” West African Technical Review (April):109–113.

Boyd Gibbons. 1977. Wye Island. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. (Boyd Gibbons describes the planning process for a new community on Wye Island, Maryland. The Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd physical plan was directed by William Roberts for James Rouse.)

John Clark. 1976. The Sanibel Report: Formulation of a Comprehensive Plan Based on Natural Systems. Washington, D.C.: The Conservation Foundation. (John Clark describes the planning process for the Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd plan directed by William Roberts.)

Grady Clay. 1974. “Radicalism Revisited in Wilmington and Dover, Vermont.” Landscape Architecture 64(3, April):132.

Philip Morris. 1973. “The Southern Seacoast–Keeping Its Balance.” Southern Living (March):76–83, 103–104.

William H. Roberts and Jonathan Sutton. 1973. “Seeking the Right Environmental Fit for a New Resort Community at Amelia Island, Florida.” Landscape Architecture 63(3, April):239–250.

Sullivan, Walter. 1970. “Computers: Probing Questions Too Tough for a Mere Brain.” New York Times (December 6): IV 12.

Paul Beaver and Bernard L. Krause, composers. 1970. In a Wild Sanctuary. (WB 1850) (Album dedicated to Ian McHarg and others.) Burbank, California: Warner Brothers Records.

David A. Wallace, editor. 1970. Metropolitan Open Space and Natural Process. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press.

Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning. 1968. “An Ecological Approach to Regional Planning.” Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania.

William H. Whyte. 1968. The Last Landscape. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.

P/A Staff. 1967. “Ecology: Man Shapes His Environment.” P/A News Report (September):51–55.

G. Holmes Perkins. 1960. University of Pennsylvania, Graduate School of Fine Arts (Exhibition catalog of work of the School on the occasion of the American Institute of Architects’ 1960 Convention in Philadelphia). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.

John D. Black and Ayers Brinser. 1952. Planning One Town, Petersham, A Hill Town in Massachusetts. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. (Based on a Harvard student studio project by Robert Barre, William Barton, Sanford Farness, Roscoe Jones, Donald Kimmel, George Kolinsky, Charles Lettek, Blanche Lemco, Ian McHarg, Vincent Oredson, Harold Taubin, Caleb Warner, and J. E. Zemanek.)

Notes

Acknowledgements

Ed Deegan of the University of Pennsylvania Library provided valuable information about specific citations. Graduate students Paul Langdon and Michael Skinner of Arizona State University School of Planning and Landscape Architecture assisted with checking the accuracy of several citations and identified additional works. William Roberts was extremely helpful providing details for the Wallace, McHarg, Roberts and Todd projects. Dennis C. McGlade, Leslie Sauer, Anne W. Spirn, Ann L. Strong, Michael G. Clarke, William Cohen, John Keene, Anthony Walmsley, Danilo Palazzo, E. Bruce MacDougall, Richard Westmacott, and James Bischoff also helped with specific information for several of the citations. Chris Duplissa word processed the many drafts of this bibliography, and I am most grateful for her attention to detail. The Bibliography was updated for this special issue as the result of the encouragement of Wei-Ning Xiang. I am grateful for his support and advice.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Pennsylvania Stuart Weitzman School of DesignPhiladelphiaUSA

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