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Tectonic Stress Reconstruction Based on Structural Features in Tectonic Superposition Areas

  • Chen LinEmail author
Article
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Abstract

Tectonic stress is an important parameter for understanding the dynamics of underground engineering and for the exploitation of coalbed methane. Multiple-period structural features usually have complex spatial relationships in tectonic superposition areas, which provides evidence for identification of the sequence of the tectonic stress period. Conjugated joints and slickensides are used to reconstruct the tectonic stress of the No. 8 Mine in Pingdingshan. Based on the geological unit division and field measurements, data on hundreds of joints and slickensides are collected from 33 stations. The tectonic stress results indicated by the conjugated joints show that there are mainly four directions of tectonic stress: NEE-SWW, NW-SE, NE-SW, and NNE-SSW. The tectonic stress results of the slickensides indicate that there are mainly four directions of tectonic stress: NNE-SSW, NNW-SSE, NEE-SWW, and NW-SE. According to the systematic analysis of the joints and slickensides, this paper separates the superposed joint and slickenside sets and identifies the tectonic stress periods with their abutting relationships. Three tectonic stress periods are determined and the sequence of the tectonic stress periods is NE-SW, NW-SE, and NEE-SWW. The results are consistent with other tectonic stress measurements for both the region and the locality.

Keywords

Tectonic stress Structural features Conjugate joints Slickenside 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank anonymous reviewers whose comments and suggestions improved the exposition of the paper. The work also benefited from discussions with the partners of Henan Polytechnic University.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration Inc. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Resources and Safety EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyBeijingChina

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