Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Dozer Operators Exposed to Whole-Body Vibration in Indian Surface Coal Mines

  • Sandeep Kumar JeripotulaEmail author
  • Aruna Mangalpady
  • Govinda Raj Mandela


Dozer operators are frequently exposed to whole-body vibration (WBV) during the execution of their work. Occupational exposure to WBV in Indian surface coal mines was evaluated by measuring vibration intensity and duration of exposure. A triaxial accelerometer was placed on the operator seat surface for taking the readings. Based on frequency-weighted root mean square acceleration equivalent to 8-hr shift duration, i.e., (A(8)) all dozer operators have exceeded an Exposure Action Value (EAV) of 0.5 m/s2, and 90% of dozers did not exceed Exposure Limit Value (ELV) of 1.15 m/s2. Based on Vibration Dose Value (VDV (8)), all dozer operators have exceeded Exposure Limit Value (EAV) of 9.1 m/s1.75, but no dozer operators have exceeded Exposure Limit Value (ELV) of 21 m/s1.75. Further, an epidemiological study was performed for identifying the extent of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among dozer operators. For the detailed study, 42 dozer operators and 22 controls were selected from 2 surface coal mines. The control group was not exposed to WBV. It was seen from the cross-sectional study that pain in the lower back was predominantly higher (83.33%) in the exposed group when compared with the control group (31.81%). Likewise, pain in the neck (47.61%), shoulder (42.85%), knees (42.85%), and ankle (11.90%) was higher in the exposed group than that of the control group (22.71%, 0%, 45.45%, and 4.54%). A significant observation among the exposed group was that there was degradation in the quality of life. The outcome of the study would assist in monitoring and mitigation of machinery-induced vibration diseases (MIVD) in India and generally applicable to most of the mechanized mines as well. However, comprehensive studies are still needed to enunciate the magnitude extent.


Occupational health Whole-body vibration Musculoskeletal disorders Epidemiology Mine hazards 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration Inc. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandeep Kumar Jeripotula
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aruna Mangalpady
    • 1
  • Govinda Raj Mandela
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Scholar, Department of Mining Engineering, NITKSurathkalIndia

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