Detection and analysis of magnetic particle testing defects on heavy truck crankshaft manufactured by microalloyed medium-carbon forging steel
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An unqualified six-cylinder heavy truck crankshaft has been studied to investigate the cause of magnetic particle testing defects on the rod journals. Large-sized long-striped MnS inclusions are regarded as the major cause for the magnetic particle testing failure because they have been detected in situ under the magnetic particle indications. Through the observation of macroscopic structures of the rod journals and corresponding counterweight blocks, it is found that for the 1# and 3# rod journals, the center metal of the original hot-rolled bar has been extruded to the inboard edge of the rod journals and large-sized long-striped MnS inclusions are exposed on the surface after flash removal, leading to the failure of magnetic particle testing. As for the 2# rod journal, the center metal of the original bar has not been extruded to the surface and MnS inclusions on the rod journal surface are small in size, few in number, resulting in passing the magnetic particle testing. If the quality of the hot-rolled bars fluctuates, it is more recommended to apply magnetic particle testing on samples at the center of bars before forging to evaluate the severity of defects caused by the long-striped MnS inclusions for fear of the scrap of the final crankshafts.
KeywordsCrankshaft Magnetic particle testing MnS inclusion Microalloyed medium-carbon forging steel Defect
The authors are grateful to the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51874034 and 51674024).
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