Application of tellurium in free-cutting steels

  • Ping Shen
  • Qian-kun Yang
  • Dong Zhang
  • Yan-xin WuEmail author
  • Jian-xun FuEmail author
Original Paper


Te is widely used in iron and steel industry. After adding a certain amount of Te in the steel, many physical and chemical properties can be improved. As a free-cutting element, a small amount of Te can significantly improve the machinability of steel. The existing form of Te in the steel, the modification law of MnS inclusion by Te and the influence rule and mechanism of Te on the machinability of steel are summarized and expounded in detail, providing a reference for further study and development of Te-containing free-cutting steels.


Tellurium Inclusion Sulfide modification Free-cutting steel 



This work was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2018YFB0704400), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51474142 and 51671124) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2018M632082).


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Copyright information

© China Iron and Steel Research Institute Group 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Special Steel, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Advanced Ferrous Metallurgy, School of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Institute of Material Science and EngineeringNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiChina

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