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The visualization of turbulent coherent structure in open channel flow

  • Xiao-dong Bai
  • Wei ZhangEmail author
  • Qing-he Fang
  • Yong Wang
  • Jin-hai Zheng
  • An-xin Guo
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Due to its multiscale and multi-layer natures, the coherent structures of turbulent in the open channel flow is complex and difficult to be visualized for understanding its evolution. In this paper, five types of methods for the vortical structure in the fluids, namely the Q - criterion, the vorticity, the Omega method, the velocity-vorticity correlation structures (VVCS) as well as the most recent Rortex method, are adopted to visualize the turbulent flow in the open channel. With the free surface modelled as a free slip boundary, a direct numerical simulation (DNS) is carried out to study the multi-layered flow structure characteristics under the free surface. The visualization results by the Q - criterion, the vorticity, the Omega method and the Rortex are firstly analyzed. Then the turbulent flow layers near the free surface are identified with corresponding anisotropy indices. Afterwards, the VVCS within various turbulence layers are visualized accordingly. This research indicates that the VVCS can straightforwardly show the geometry information of the coherent structures of turbulent in different layers for the open channel flow.

Key words

Open channel flow flow visualization velocity-vorticity coherent structure direct numerical simulation (DNS) 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2013/2018B56314).

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Copyright information

© China Ship Scientific Research Center 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao-dong Bai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wei Zhang
    • 3
    Email author
  • Qing-he Fang
    • 4
  • Yong Wang
    • 5
  • Jin-hai Zheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • An-xin Guo
    • 4
  1. 1.Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Coastal Disaster and DefenceHohai UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.College of Harbor, Coastal and Offshore EngineeringHohai UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Science and Technology on Water Jet Propulsion LaboratoryMarine Design and Research Institute of ChinaShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Structural Dynamic Behavior and Control, School of Civil EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  5. 5.Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-OrganizationGottingenGermany

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