Journal of Hydrodynamics

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 1083–1092 | Cite as

Numerical and experimental study of continuous and discontinuous turbidity currents on a flat slope

  • Zhong-luan Yan (严忠銮)
  • Rui-dong An (安瑞冬)
  • Jia Li (李嘉)
  • Yun Deng (邓云)
  • Yong Li (李永)
  • Ya-ya Xu (徐亚亚)


When the sediment and the dissolved matter laden in the river meet a clear water in reservoirs, the turbid water will plunge and spread into the clear water, forming the turbidity current and influencing the water quality and the life of the reservoir. Due to the unsteady nature of the flood, the turbidity current is unsteady. In the present study, we use the MIKE 3 computational fluid dynamics code to simulate continuous and discontinuous turbidity currents on a flat slope. With the model used by us, the turbulence is divided into two parts: the horizontal turbulence and the vertical turbulence, which are separately modeled by the Smagorinsky model and our model to capture the anisotropic turbulence. In this model, the sediment settling and deposition are considered. The simulation results concerning the flume water surface level, the front velocity and sediment concentration profiles are found consistent with the experimental data, particularly, for the sediment concentration profiles with an absolute mean error of 0.026 kg/m3 and the root mean square error of 0.046 kg/m3. This finding suggests that this model can be used to well predict the turbidity current on the flat slope.

Key words

Turbidity current discontinuity numerical model turbulence Smagorinsky model 


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Copyright information

© China Ship Scientific Research Center 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhong-luan Yan (严忠銮)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rui-dong An (安瑞冬)
    • 1
  • Jia Li (李嘉)
    • 1
  • Yun Deng (邓云)
    • 1
  • Yong Li (李永)
    • 1
  • Ya-ya Xu (徐亚亚)
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Postdoctoral Research StationChina Three Gorges CorporationBeijingChina
  3. 3.Water Resource and Hydropower InvestigationDesign and Research Institute Co. Ltd. of GansuLanzhouChina

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