Advertisement

Journal of Bionic Engineering

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 882–893 | Cite as

A Bionic Study on the Anti-erosion Mechanism of Laudakia stoliczkana: Experimental and Numerical Aspects

  • Ping Liang
  • Youhong SunEmail author
  • Sihan Liu
  • Tianwei Liang
  • Yuhang Zhang
  • Youwei Wang
  • Luquan Ren
Article
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

The scales of body surface of Laudakia stoliczkana have the morphology of convex hulls, which are arranged in groove structure in macroscopic scale. Its body surface skin is mainly composed of the “soft” layer of keratin and the “hard” layer of the cuticle covering on the “soft” layer. The coupling effect of the scale morphology and skin’s structure gives Laudakia stoliczkana the excellent ability to resist the sand erosion in desert environment. Inspired by the convex surface morphology and the composite structure of the “soft” and “hard” layers of the skin of Laudakia stoliczkana, the coupling bionic samples are fabricated and the erosion resistance performance is tested. The test results show that the coupling bionic samples have good erosion resistance performance and the samples with spherical convex hull exhibit the best erosion resistance performance. Moreover, based on the theory of stress wave propagation in solid the numerical simulations of particles impacting to the coupling bionic samples and bionic layered structure are done respectively and the anti-erosion mechanism of the bionic layered structure is analyzed. The simulation results are consistent with the experimental results, which show that the coupling bionic samples can effectively reduce the amplitude of the incident stress wave, and thus can prevent the failure of samples.

Keywords

coupling bionic anti-erosion sand blasting test stress wave bionic layered structure 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (51375006), Science and Technology Development Project of Jilin Province (20150519007JH and 20150101020JC).

References

  1. [1]
    Oomen H S, Abad M D, Khanna M, Veldhuis S C. Comparative wear behavior studies of coated inserts during milling of Ni Cr Mo V steel. Tribology International, 2012, 53, 115–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    PalDey S, Deevi S C. Single layer and multilayer wear resistant coatings of (Ti,Al)N: A review. Materials Science and Engineering A, 2003, 342, 58–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Desale G R, Paul C P, Gandhi B K, Jain S C. Erosion wear behavior of laser clad surfaces of low carbon austenitic steel. Wear, 2009, 266, 975–987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Wang J Z, Tu Y W, Wang M H. Back worn and protective of the turbines parts in Gezhouba power plant. China Three Gorges Construction, 2004, 6, 1–8. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Yaer X, Shimizu K, Matsumoto H, Kitsudo T, Momono T. Erosive wear characteristics of spheroidal carbides cast iron. Wear, 2008, 264, 947–957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Harsha A P, Jha S K. Erosive wear studies of epoxy-based composites at normal incidence. Wear, 2008, 265, 1129–1135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Bai W J. Research on erosion action and mechanism of materials. Zhejiang Chemical Industry, 2004, 35, 17–20. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Finnie I. Erosion of surfaces by solid particles. Wear, 1960, 3, 87–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Bitter J G A. A study of erosion phenomena, part I. Wear, 1963, 6, 5–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Bitter J G A. A study of erosion phenomena, part II. Wear, 1963, 6, 169–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Hutchings I M. A model for the erosion of metals by spherical particles at normal incidence. Wear, 1981, 70, 2269–2281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Krishnamurthy N, Murali M S, Venkataraman B, Mukunda P G. Characterization and solid particle erosion behavior of plasma sprayed alumina and calcia-stabilized zirconia coatings on Al-6061 substrate. Wear, 2012, 274-275, 15–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Srivastava V K, Pawar A G. Solid particle erosion of glass fibre reinforced flyash filled epoxy resin composites. Composites Science and Technology, 2006, 66, 3021–3028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Hussainova I, Schade K P. Correlation between solid particle erosion of cermets and particle impact dynamics. Tribology International, 2008, 41, 323–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Desale G R, Gandhi B K, Jain S C. Effect of erodent properties on erosion wear of ductile type materials. Wear, 2006, 261, 914–921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Chen Q, Li D Y. Computer simulation of solid-particle erosion of composite materials. Wear, 2003, 255, 78–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Cernuschi F, Lorenzoni L, Capelli S, Guardamagna C, Karger M, Vaßenb R, Niessenc K V, Markocsand N, Menueye J, Giollif C. Solid particle erosion of thermal spray and physical vapour deposition thermal barrier coatings. Wear, 2011, 271, 2909–2918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Ren L Q, Liang Y H. The Introduction of Bionics, China science publishing and media Ltd., Beijing, China, 2016. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Ren L Q, Liang Y H. Biological couplings: Function, characteristics and implementation mode. Science China Technological Sciences, 2010, 53, 379–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Ren L Q, Liang Y H. Biological couplings: Classification and characteristic rules. Science in China Series E: Technological Sciences, 2009, 52, 2791–2800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Ren L Q, Cong Q, Tong J, Chen B C. Reducing adhesion of soil against loading shovel using bionic electro-osmosis method. Terramechanics, 2001, 38, 211–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Ren L Q, Han Z W, Li J Q, Tong J. Experimental investigation of bionic rough curved soil cutting blade surface to reduce soil adhesion and friction. Soil and Tillage Research, 2006, 85, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Ren L Q, Tong J, Li J Q, Chen B C. SW — Soil and Water: Soil adhesion and biomimetics of soil — engaging components: A review. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 2001, 79, 239–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Rechenberg I, Khyari AR El. The sand skink of the Sahara: Model for friction and wear reduction. Proceedings of the International Conference of Bionic Engineering, Changchun, China, 2006, 213–216.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Han Z W, Zhang J Q, Ge C, Lü Y, Jiang J L, Liu Q P, Ren L Q. Anti-erosion function in animals and its biomimetic application. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2010, 7, S50–S58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Han Z W, Zhang J Q, Ge C, Wen L, Ren L Q. Erosion resistance of bionic functional surfaces inspired from desert scorpions. Langmuir, 2012, 28, 2914–2921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Han Z W, Zhang J Q. Gas-solid erosion on bionic configuration surface. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Materials Science Edition), 2011, 26, 306–311.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Han Z W, Yin W, Zhang J Q, Jiang J L, Niu S C, Ren L Q. Erosion-resistant surfaces inspired by tamarisk. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2013, 10, 479–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Gao F. Research on the Coupling Characteristics of Anti-erosive Wear of Desert Lizard, doctoral thesis, Jilin University, Changchun, China, 2008. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Huang H, Zhang Y, Ren L Q. Particle erosion resistance of bionic samples inspired from skin structure of desert lizard, Laudakia stoliczkana. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2012, 9, 465–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    Zhang Y H, Huang H, Ren L Q. Erosion wear experiments and simulation analysis on bionic anti-erosion sample. Science China Technological Science, 2014, 1, 1–5.Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    Ruff A. W, Ives L K, Measurement of solid particle velocity in erosive wear. Wear, 1975, 35, 195–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Yu T X, Qiu X M. Impact Dynamics, Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, China, 2011. (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jilin University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ping Liang
    • 1
  • Youhong Sun
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sihan Liu
    • 3
  • Tianwei Liang
    • 3
  • Yuhang Zhang
    • 4
  • Youwei Wang
    • 3
  • Luquan Ren
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering, Ministry of EducationJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.Construction Engineering CollegeJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.School of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  4. 4.China FAW Group Corporation R&D CenterChangchunChina

Personalised recommendations