Advertisement

Journal of Bionic Engineering

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 806–813 | Cite as

Fabrication of Regular Hierarchical Structures with Superhydrophobic and High Adhesion Performances on a 304 Stainless Steel Surface via Picosecond Laser

  • Chenbin Ma
  • Min KangEmail author
  • Xingsheng WangEmail author
  • Ninghui Li
  • Wei Hong
  • Chenyu Li
  • An Yang
Article
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

Hierarchical structures significantly influence the development of metal surface wettability. In this study, three kinds of hierarchical structures formed by the superimposition of different nanoscale (quasi-) periodic structures on micro-column arrays were fabricated on 304 stainless steel surfaces via picosecond laser irradiation. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (CLSM) were used to characterize the created hierarchical structures. An optical contact angle meter was used to analyse the wetting performances. The results show that the surfaces of these fabricated samples have superhydrophobic properties and strong adhesion performances, which can be attributed to the formation of hierarchical structure that causes a reduction in the liquid-solid contact area and the change in the direction of surface tension. By controlling the dimensionof the nanotextures on the micro-column arrays, the hydrophobic property of 304 stainless steel surfaces can be greatly improved.

Keywords

superhydrophobic hierarchical structure laser irradiation bioinspiration texture adhesion stainless steel 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20150685), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51705258), and the Foundation for Distinguished Young Talents, College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University (YQ201604).

References

  1. [1]
    Patankar N A. Mimicking the lotus effect: Influence of double roughness structures and slender pillars. Langmuir, 2004, 20, 8209–8213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Bharat B, Eun Kyu H. Fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces with high and low adhesion inspired from rose petal. Langmuir, 2010, 26, 8207–8217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Long J Y, Fan P X, Gong D W, Jiang D F, Zhang H J, Li L, Zhong M L. Superhydrophobic surfaces fabricated by femtosecond laser with tunable water adhesion: From lotus leaf to rose petal. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2015, 7, 9858–9865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Bhushan B, Nosonovsky M. The rose petal effect and the modes of superhydrophobicity. Philosophical Transactions Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 2010, 368, 4713–4728.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Bhushan B, Jung Y C, Koch K. Micro-, nano- and hierarchical structures for superhydrophobicity, self-cleaning and low adhesion. Philosophical Transactions Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 2009, 367, 1631–1672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Jaggessar A, Shahali H, Mathew A, Yarlagadda P. Bio-mimicking nano and micro-structured surface fabrication for antibacterial properties in medical implants. Journal of Nanobiotechnology, 2017, 15, 64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Suryaprabha T, Sethuraman M G. Fabrication of copper-based superhydrophobic self-cleaning antibacterial coating over cotton fabric. Cellulose, 2017, 24, 395–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Han Z W, Mu Z Z, Yin W, Li W, Niu S C, Zhang J Q, Ren L Q. Biomimetic multifunctional surfaces inspired from animals. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 2016, 234, 27–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Li H J, Fan W Z, Pan H H, Wang C W, Qian J, Zhao Q Z. Fabrication of “petal effect” surfaces by femtosecond laser-induced forward transfer. Chemical Physics Letters, 2017, 667, 20–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Barthlott W, Mail M, Bhushan B, Koch K. Plant surfaces: Structures and functions for biomimetic innovations. Nano-Micro Letters, 2017, 9, 23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Wang Q, Dong Z, Yan X X, Chang Y J, Ren L L, Zhou J. Biomimetic hydrophobic surfaces with low or high adhesion based on poly(vinyl alcohol) and SiO2 nanoparticles. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2017, 14, 476–485.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Gou X L, Guo Z G. Superhydrophobic plant leaves with micro-line structures: An optimal biomimetic objective in bionic engineering. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 2018, 15, 851–858.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Lai Y K, Gao X F, Zhuang H F, Huang J Y, Lin C J, Lei J. Designing superhydrophobic porous nanostructures with tunable water adhesion. Advanced Materials, 2010, 21, 3799–3803.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Song X Y, Jin Z, Wang Y L, J Lei. Fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces by self-assembly and their water-adhesion properties. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2005, 109, 4048–4052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Bai W B, Lai N S, Guan M Q, Yao R J, Xu Y L, Lin J H. Petal-effect superhydrophobic surface self-assembled from poly(p-phenylene)s. European Polymer Journal, 2018, 101, 12–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Yong J L, Yang Q, Chen F, Zhang D S, Farooq U, Du G Q, Hou X. A simple way to achieve superhydrophobicity, controllable water adhesion, anisotropic sliding, and anisotropic wetting based on femtosecond-laser-induced line-patterned surfaces. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, 2, 5499–5507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Jopp J, Grull H, Yerushalmi-Rozen R. Wetting behavior of water droplets on hydrophobic microtextures of comparable size. Langmuir, 2004, 20, 10015–10019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Szczepanski C R, Guittard F, Darmanin T. Recent advances in the study and design of parahydrophobic surfaces: From natural examples to synthetic approaches. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 2017, 241, 37–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Bao Z J, Wang C W, Zhang Y, Zhao Q Z. Modification of wettability of stainless steel by picosecond laser surface microstructuring. Photonics Research, 2015, 3, 180–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Shum P W, Zhou Z F, Li K Y. To increase the hydrophobicity, non-stickiness and wear resistance of DLC surface by surface texturing using laser ablation process. Tribology International, 2014, 78, 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Martínez-Calderon M, Rodríguez A, Dias-Ponte A, Morant-Miñana M C, Gómez-Aranzadi M, Olaizola S M. Femtosecond laser fabrication of highly hydrophobic stain less steel surface with hierarchical structures fabricated by combining ordered microstructures and LIPSS. Applied Surface Science, 2016, 374, 81–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Wang X S, Li C Y, Hong W, Ma C B, Xing Y Q, Feng J. Fabrication of ordered hierarchical structures on stainless steel by picosecond laser for modified wettability applications. Optics Express, 2018, 26, 18998–19008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Rukosuyev M V, Lee J, Cho S J, Lim G, Jun M B G. One-step fabrication of superhydrophobic hierarchical structures by femtosecond laser ablation. Applied Surface Science, 2014, 313, 411–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Wang X S, Li C Y, Ma C B, Feng J, Hong W, Zhang Z. Formation of laser induced periodic structures on stainless steel using multi-burst picosecond pulses. Optics Express, 2018, 26, 6325–6330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Noh J, Lee J, Na S, Lim H, Jung D H. Fabrication of hierarchically micro- and nano-structured mold surfaces using laser ablation for mass production of superhydrophobic surfaces. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 2010, 49, 106502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Varlamova O, Hoefner K, Ratzke M, Reif J, Sarker D. Modification of surface properties of solids by femtosecond LIPSS writing: Comparative studies on silicon and stainless steel. Applied Physics A, 2017, 123, 725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Nathala C S, Ajami A, Ionin A A, Kudryashov S I, Makarov S V, Ganz T, Assion A, Husinsky W. Experimental study of fs-laser induced sub-100-nm periodic surface structures on titanium. Optics Express, 2015, 23, 5915–5929.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Luo B H, Shum P W, Zhou Z F, Li K Y. Surface geometrical model modification and contact angle prediction for the laser patterned steel surface. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2010, 205, 2597–2604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Extrand C W. Model for contact angles and hysteresis on rough and ultraphobic surfaces. Langmuir, 2002, 18, 7991–7999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Yong C J, Bhushan B. Contact angle, adhesion and friction properties of micro-and nanopatterned polymers for superhydrophobicity. Nanotechnology, 2006, 17, 4970–4980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Jilin University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of EngineeringNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations