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Effect of Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli on growth and yield of sugarcane in Nigeria

  • Shakiru Adewale KazeemEmail author
  • Babatunde Ikotun
Original Article
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Abstract

Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Lxx) causing ratoon stunting disease (RSD) substantially reduces yield globally in sugarcane, an economically important widely cultivated crop in Nigeria. However, the presence of RSD has not been conclusively determined in Nigeria. Thus, the effects of RSD on yield of sugarcane cultivars grown in Nigeria are unknown and as such investigated in this study. L. xyli subsp. xyli inoculated and uninoculated cuttings from each eighteen sugarcane cultivars were planted for 12 months and nine months for the first plant and ratoon crops respectively in the screenhouse. Number of mature stalks, stalk length, stalk diameter, weight of matured stalks, sucrose contents (%) and total sucrose yield were used to compare between the growth and yield of inoculated and uninoculated cultivars. Most growth and yield parameters were reduced in the Lxx-inoculated sugarcane plants compared with the uninoculated plants. Total sucrose per cultivar was higher in uninoculated than inoculated plants with SP71–6180 (uninoculated) and Co6806 (inoculated) having the highest and lowest yields of 315.21 g and 105.48 g respectively. Stalk dimensions (length and diameter), stalk weight (cane yield) and total amount of sucrose per cultivar (sucrose yield) in inoculated cultivars were significantly reduced more in the ratoon than plant crops. RSD introduction could result in a yield loss between 4.02% and 41.43% on all the sugarcane cultivars commonly grown in Nigeria.

Keywords

Ratoon stunting disease Stalk weight Stalk dimensions Sucrose content 

Notes

Funding

Financial grant to conduct the research was provided by COMSTECH/IFS (C/4971–1).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement of human and animal rights

This Article does not contain any studies with human and animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Patologia Vegetale (S.I.Pa.V.) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nigeria Agricultural Quarantine Service (NAQS), Post-Entry Plant Quarantine StationMoor PlantationIbadanNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Crop Protection and Environmental BiologyUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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