Transmissibility of citrus yellow vein clearing virus by contaminated tools
- 35 Downloads
In 2009, a new citrus viral disease caused by citrus yellow vein clearing virus (CYVCV) was first discovered in China, and now CYVCV is widely distributed in the field. CYVCV is transmissible by grafting and is spread by aphids from lemon to bean, and from bean to bean. However, whether CYVCV is transmitted by contaminated tools is unknown. In this study, the transmissibility of CYVCV with contaminated knife blades was investigated in sour orange and rough lemon. Three months after knife blade inoculation, CYVCV was detected in 16.5% of sour orange and 20.0% of rough lemon, respectively. Furthermore, six months post inoculation, the presence of CYVCV in sour orange and rough lemon was 23.3 and 20.0%, respectively. The results indicated that CYVCV is transmitted from citrus to citrus by contaminated knife blades.
KeywordsCitrus Mandarivirus Virus disease Cutting transmission
This work was partially supported by Chongqing Research Program of Basic Research and Frontier Technology (cstc2015jcyjBX0043,cstc2017jcyjAX0150) and Intergovernmental International Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Collaboration Key Project of China’s National Key R&D Programme (NKP) (2017YFE0110900).
- Ahlawat YS, Pant RP (2003) Major virus and virus-like diseases of citrus in India, their diagnosis and management. Annu Rev Plant Pathol 41:447–474Google Scholar
- Alshami AAA, Ahlawat YS, Pant RP (2003) A hitherto unreported yellow vein clearing disease of citrus in India and its viral etiology. Indian Phytopathol 56:422–427Google Scholar
- Catara A., Azzaro A., Davino M., Polizzi G., 1993. Yellow vein clearing of lemon in Pakistan. In: Moreno P, da Graca J.V., Timmer L.W., In: Moreno P., da Graca J.V., Timmer L.W. (eds). Proceedings 12th Conference of the International Organzation of Citrus Virologist, New Delhi, India: 364–367Google Scholar
- Chen HM, Wang XF, Zhou Y, Zhou CY, Guo J, Li ZA (2015) Biological characterization and RT-PCR detection of a new disease of eureka lemon. Acta Phytophy Sin 42:557–563Google Scholar
- Nishiio T, Kawai A, Kato M, Kobayashi T (1982) A sap-transmissible closterovirus in citrus imported from China and Formosa. Res Bull Plant Protect Ser Jpn 18:11–18Google Scholar
- Önelge N (2002) First report of yellow vein clearing of lemons in Turkey. J Turk Phytopathol 32:53–55Google Scholar
- Önelge N., Satar S., Elibüyük Ö., Bozan O., Kamberoğlu M., 2011. Transmission studies on Citrus yellow vein clearing virus. In Proceeding of the 18th Conference of the International Organization of Citrus Virus, Brazil: 11–14Google Scholar
- Önelge N, Bozan O, GökGüler P (2016) First report of Citrus yellow vein clearing virus infecting new natural host plant in Turkey. J Plant Pathol 98:369–377Google Scholar
- Roistacher C.N., Nauer E.M., Wagner R.C., 1980. Transmissibility of cachexia, Dweet mottle, psorosis and infectious variegation viruses on knife blades and its prevention. Proceedings of the 8th Conference of the International Organization of Citrus Virologists, USA: 225–229Google Scholar
- Sun XC, Zhou CY, Qing L, Yang SY (2009) Advances in research on citrus tatter leaf virus. J Fruit Sci 26:213–216Google Scholar
- Zhou CY, Wang XF, Zhou Y, Liu JX (2013) Development of citrus virus disease and prevention and control in China. China Fruit News 30:70–72Google Scholar