Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 759–765 | Cite as

Study of photocatalytic and antibacterial activities of graphene oxide nanosheets

  • Manmeet Singh
  • Nardev Kumar Bajaj
  • Aditya Bhardwaj
  • Pritpal Singh
  • Pushpender Kumar
  • Jeewan SharmaEmail author
Original Research


Graphene oxide (GO) is a biocompatible material that is easily dispersible in water making its mixing easy with ceramic or polymer matrixes while trying to enhance their properties. In the present study, the photocatalytic and antibacterial activities of GO have been studied. GO has been synthesized by modified Hummer’s method. The synthesized material has been characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and UV-visible spectroscopy. HR-TEM confirmed the formation of GO nanosheets. It has been observed that GO nanosheets with excellent morphology exhibit efficient photocatalytic activity towards Congo red (CR) dye. Using advanced oxidation process, toxic organic dye CR is oxidized through reaction with reactive oxidative species generated by GO photocatalyst under UV-light irradiation. The study reflects new possibilities of GO for degradation of toxic organic pollutants. The effect of GO dose has also been studied and the reaction has been evaluated to be first order. Antibacterial activity of GO has been evaluated via well diffusion assay by growing Escherichia coli and Bacillus on LB agar plates.

Graphical abstract


Dye degradation Graphene oxide Photocatalysis Congo red Antibacterial 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

42114_2018_56_MOESM1_ESM.docx (151 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 151 kb)
42114_2018_56_MOESM2_ESM.docx (72 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 72.2 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistrySri Guru Granth Sahib World UniversityFatehgarh SahibIndia
  2. 2.Department of NanotechnologySri Guru Granth Sahib World UniversityFatehgarh SahibIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologySri Guru Granth Sahib World UniversityFatehgarh SahibIndia

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