Advertisement

Flexural performance of hybrid polypropylene–polyolefin FRC composites

  • P. B. SakthivelEmail author
  • S. Govindasami
  • N. Suman
Original Paper
  • 14 Downloads

Abstract

The objectives of the present study are to conduct experimental studies and determine the flexural strength and ductility of fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) by adding two types of fibers, namely the polypropylene (PO) and polyolefin (PP) fibers in mono and hybrid forms, and assess the flexural toughness of fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC). The reinforced concrete (RC) beams of size 150 mm × 200 mm × 1000 mm were cast by adding discontinuous fibers of volume fraction (Vf) of 1% of PP (100%), PO (100%) and PP–PO (50–50%) in concrete. The flexural toughness of FRC beams with PP-1%, PO-1% and hybrid-1% (PP–PO) was evaluated from the area under the load–deflection curve and compared with control specimens (CS) (without fibers). The flexural strength and ductility were higher for FRC beam specimens reinforced with hybrid fibers (PP-Vf = 0.5% + PO-Vf = 0.5%) than beam specimens cast with mono PP fibers of Vf = 1% and PO fibers of Vf = 1%, and CS. The flexural toughness (FT) at beam deflection, L/150 (L = span length) and flexural toughness ratio (FTR) were found to be higher for FRC-hybrid PP–PO beam specimens than the specimens reinforced with PP and PO and control specimens (CS). The first-crack width and ultimate crack width of beam specimens were comparatively lesser for hybrid PP–PO than PP, PO fibers and CS.

Keywords

Hybrid fibers Polyolefin Polypropylene Flexural strength Flexural toughness Ductility Crack 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Abbass, W., Khan, M. I., & Mourad, S. (2018). Evaluation of mechanical properties of steel fiber-reinforced concrete with different strengths of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 168, 556–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ACI 544 (2002) (ACI.544.IR-96, Reapproved 2002). State-of-the-Art Report on Fiber-reinforced Concrete. Reported by ACI Committee 544, Manual of Concrete Practice, American Concrete Institute, USA.Google Scholar
  3. Ahmed, S.F.U., Maalej, M., & Paramasivam, P. (2007). Flexural responses of hybrid steel-polyethylene fiber reinforced cement composites containing high volume fly ash. Construction and Building Materials, 21(5), 1088–1097.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alani, A. M., & Beckett, D. (2013). Mechanical properties of a large scale synthetic fibre reinforced concrete ground slab. Construction and Building Materials, 41, 335–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Annadurai, A., & Ravichandran, A. (2018). Seismic behavior of beam-column joint using hybrid fiber-reinforced high-strength concrete. Iranian Journal of Science and Technology Transactions of Civil Engineering, 42, 275–286. (Published online: 19 April 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. ASTM C1018-97. (1997). Standard Test Method for Flexural Toughness and First-Crack Strength of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (Using Beam with Third-Point Loading). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.Google Scholar
  7. ASTM C1609/C1609M-05. (2005). ASTM International Standard Test Method for Flexural Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (Using Beam with Third-Point Loading). West Conshohocken: ASTM International.Google Scholar
  8. Banthia, N., Majdzadeh, F., Wu, J., & Bindiganavile, V. (2014). Fiber synergy in hybrid fiber-reinforced concrete (HyFRC) in flexure and direct shear. Cement & Concrete Composites, 48, 91–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dawood, E. T., & Ramli, M. (2012). Mechanical properties of high strength flowing concrete with hybrid fibers. Construction and Building Materials, 28, 193–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dopko, M., Najimi, M., Shafei, B., Wang, X., Taylor, P., & Phares, B. M. (2018). Flexural performance evaluation of fiber-reinforced concrete incorporating multiple macro-synthetic fibers. Transportation Research Board, 2672, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. El-Din, H. K. S., Eisa, A. S., Aziz, B. H. A., & Ibrahim, A. (2017). Mechanical performance of high strength concrete made from high volume of metakaolin and hybrid fibers. Construction and Building Materials, 140, 203–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ghahremannejad, M., Mahdavi, M., Saleh, A. E., Abhaee, S., & Abolmaali, A. (2018). Experimental investigation and identification of single and multiple cracks in synthetic fiber concrete beams. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 9, 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ghugal, Y. M., Sabala, U. D., & More, S. S. (2017). Experimental investigation on high-strength steel fiber-reinforced concrete with metakaolin. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (BHRC), 18(7), 1113–1124.Google Scholar
  14. Gifta, C., & Prabhavathy, S. (2018). Study on energy absorption capacity of steel-polyester hybrid fiber-reinforced concrete under uniaxial compression. Journal of Institution of Engineers (India): Series A, 99, 547–553. (Published online: 21 May 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. IS 12269-1987 (Reaffirmed 2008). Specification for 53 Grade Ordinary Portland Cement. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  16. IS:383-1987 (Reaffirmed 2007). Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  17. Jeevan, N., & Jagannatha Reddy, H. N. (2018). Strengthening of RC beams using externally bonded laminate (EBL) technique with end anchorages under flexure. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 19, 263–272. (Published online: 20 March 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. JSCE-SF4 (1984). Methods of tests for flexural strength and flexural toughness of steel fibre reinforced concrete, Concrete Library of JSCE, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Tokyo, 3, 58–61.Google Scholar
  19. Khan, M. I., Abass, Y. M., & Fares, G. (2017). Review of high and ultrahigh performance cementitious composites incorporating various combinations of fibers and ultrafines. Journal of King Saud University-Engineering Sciences, 29(4), 339–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kristiawan, S., Supriyadi, A., Pradana, D. R., & Azhim, M. R. N. (2018). Flexural behavior of one-way patched reinforced concrete (RC) slab under concentrated load. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 19, 157–164. (Published online: 23 January 2018).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mertol, H. C., Baran, E., & Bello, H. J. (2015). Flexural behavior of lightly and heavily reinforced steel fiber concrete beams. Construction and Building Materials, 98, 185–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Moradi, M., Bagherieh, A.R., & Esfahani, M.R. (2018). Tensile modeling of steel fiber reinforced concrete. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s42017-018-00104-y.Google Scholar
  23. Noushini, A., Samali, B. and Vessalas, K. (2013). Flexural toughness and ductility characteristics of Polyvinyl-Alcohol fibre reinforced concrete (PVA-FRC). In J. G. M. Van Mier, G. Ruiz, C. Andrade, R. C. Yu & X. X. Zhang (Eds.), Proceedings of the VIII International Conference on Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures (FraMCoS-8).Google Scholar
  24. Nuruddin, M.F., Khan, S.U., Shafiq, N. & Ayub, T. (2014). Strength development of high-strength ductile concrete incorporating metakaolin and PVA fibers. The Scientific World Journal, 2014, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nuruddin, M. F., Khan, S. U., Shafiq, N., & Ayub, T. (2018). Strength Prediction Models for PVA Fiber-Reinforced High-Strength Concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 27, 04015034-1 to 16.Google Scholar
  26. Pliya, P., Beaucour, A.-L., & Noumowe, A. (2011). Contribution of cocktail of polypropylene and steel fibers in improving the behavior of high strength concrete subjected to high temperature. Construction and Building Materials, 25, 1926–1934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Qian, C., & Stroeven, P. (2000). Fracture properties of concrete reinforced with steel-polypropylene hybrid fibers. Cement & Concrete Composites, 22, 343–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sahmaran, M., Yurtseven, A., & Yaman, O. (2005). Workability of hybrid fiber-reinforced self-compacting concrete. Building and Environment, 40, 1672–1677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Shaheen, Y. B. I., Etman, Z. A., & Gomaa, O. (2018). Structural behavior of thin ferrocement plates with and without stiffners subjected to compression loading. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s42107-018-0101-91-24.Google Scholar
  30. Singh, S. P., Singh, A. P., & Bajaj, V. (2010). Strength and flexural toughness of concrete reinforced with steel-polypropylene hybrid fibers. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building and Housing), 11(4), 495–507.Google Scholar
  31. Sivakumar, A. (2011). Influence of hybrid fibres on the post crack performance of high strength concrete: Part I experimental investigations. Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology, 2, 147–159.Google Scholar
  32. Sivakumar, A., & Santhanam, M. (2007). Mechanical properties of high strength concrete reinforced with metallic and non-metallic fibres. Cement & Concrete Composites, 29, 603–608.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sukontasukkal, P. (2004). Toughness Evaluation of Steel and Polypropylene Fibre Reinforced Concrete Beams and Bending. Thammasat International Journal of Science and Technology, 9(3), 35–40.Google Scholar
  34. Tabatabaeian, M., Khaloo, A., Joshaghani, A., & Hajibandeh, E. (2017). Experimental investigation on effects of hybrid fibers on rheological, mechanical, and durability properties of high-strength SCC. Construction and Building Materials, 147, 497–509.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Thomas, J., & Ramaswamy, A. (2007). Mechanical properties of steel fiber-reinforced concrete”. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 19(5), 385–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Visintin, P., Sturm, A. B., Mohamed Ali, M. S., & Oehlers, D. J. (2018). Blending macro and micro-fibres to enhance the serviceability behavior of UHPFRC. Australian Journal of Civil Engineering, 16(2), 106–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yang, I., Joh, C., & Kim, K. (2018). A comparative experimental study on the flexural behavior of high-strength fiber-reinforced concrete and high-strength concrete beams. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2018, 1–13.Google Scholar
  38. Yao, W., Li, J., & Wu, K. (2003). Mechanical properties of hybrid fiber-reinforced concrete at low fiber volume fraction. Cement and Concrete Research, 33, 27–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yazici, S., Inan, G., & Tabak, V. (2007). Effect of aspect ratio and volume fraction of steel fiber on the mechanical properties of SFRC. Construction and Building Materials, 21, 1250–1253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringVel Tech High Tech Dr. Rangarajan Dr. Sakunthala Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations