Effects of simultaneous utilization of natural zeolite and magnetic water on engineering properties of self-compacting concrete
- 21 Downloads
A study was performed to assess the effects of magnetic water with different percentages of natural zeolite (NZ) on self-compacting concrete (SCC) mixes. Over the past decades, a limited number of studies were conducted by researches on the effects of magnetic water on SCC mixes. In addition, it seems that pozzolanic materials such as NZ can affect performance of magnetic water in SCC mixes. Following this, the present study was aimed to survey engineering properties of self-compacting concrete (SCC) containing magnetic water and NZ. To achieve this goal, slump flow, T50, V-funnel, L-box and visual stability index (VSI) were employed to evaluate the rheological properties of concrete mixes. Furthermore, hardened properties were investigated by compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, modulus of elasticity and water absorption tests. The concrete test results demonstrated that 20% NZ inclusion and magnetic water in SCC with the water–binder (W/B) ratio of 0.37 led to an optimum mix design and also this mixture could contribute to an increase in compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and modulus of elasticity up to 25, 8 and 9%, respectively.
KeywordsSelf-compacting concrete Magnetic water Zeolite Engineering properties
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest concerning this article.
- ACI Committee 318-05. (2005). Building code requirements for structural concrete. USA: American Concrete Institute.Google Scholar
- Afshin, H., Gholizadeh, M., & Khorshidi, N. (2010). Improving mechanical properties of high strength concrete by magnetic water technology. Journal Scientia Iranica. Transaction A, 17(1), 74–79.Google Scholar
- ASTM C469. (2002). Standard test method for static modulus of elasticity and poisson’s ratio of concrete in compression. West Conshohocken: ASTM International.Google Scholar
- ASTM C494. (2004). Standard specification for chemical admixtures for concrete. West Conshohocken: ASTM International.Google Scholar
- ASTM C496. (2004). Standard test method for splitting tensile strength of cylindrical concrete specimens. West Conshohocken: ASTM International.Google Scholar
- ASTM C642. (2006). Standard test method for density, absorption, and voids in hardened concrete. West Conshohocken: ASTM International.Google Scholar
- Babu, T. S., Rao, M. V. S., & Seshu, R. D. (2008). Mechanical properties and stress–strain behavior of self-compacting concrete with and without glass fibres. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 9(5), 457–472.Google Scholar
- Bharath, S., Subraja, S., & Kumar, P. A. (2016). Influence of magnetized water on concrete by replacing cement partially with copper slag. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(4), 2792–2795.Google Scholar
- Billberg, P. (1999). Self-compacting concrete for civil engineering structures: The Swedish experience. CBI Report, 2, 99.Google Scholar
- CEB-FIP. (1989). Diagnosis and assessment of concrete structures-state of the art report. CEB Bull, 192, 83–85.Google Scholar
- Chau, Z. J. (1996). The new construction method of concrete (pp. 401–407). Beijing: The Publishing House of Chinese Architectural Industry.Google Scholar
- Cioffi, R., Colangelo, F., Caputo, D., & Ligiori, B. (2006). Influence of high volumes of ultra-fine additions on self-compacting concrete. In V. M. Malhotra (Ed.), silica fume, slag, and natural pozzolans in concrete (pp. 118–135). Sorrento: Farmington: Hills.Google Scholar
- EFNARC (2005). The European guidelines for self-compacting concrete, The European federation of specialist construction chemicals and concrete systems, Specification production and use, 1–66. www.efnarc.org. Accessed May 2005.
- Fu, W., & Wang, Z. B. (1994). The new technology of concrete engineering (pp. 56–59). Beijing: The Publishing House of Chinese Architectural Industry.Google Scholar
- Ghods, A. (2014). A survey on the mechanical properties of magnetic self-compacting concrete containing nanosilica. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 8(4), 413–418.Google Scholar
- Jain, A., Laad, A., Singh, K., & Murari, K. (2017). Effect of magnetic water on properties of concrete. International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, 5(7), 11864.Google Scholar
- Khayat, K. H., Bickley, J., & Lessard, M. (2000). Performance of self-consolidating concrete for casting basement and foundation walls. ACI Materials Journal, 97, 374–380.Google Scholar
- Madandoust, R., Kazemi, M., & Moghadam, S. Y. (2017). Analytical study on tensile strength of concrete. Romanian Journal of Materials, 47(2), 204–209.Google Scholar
- Mola-Abasi, H., Saberian, M., Semsani, S. N., Li, J. & Khajeh, A. (2018). Triaxial behaviour of zeolite-cemented sand. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Ground Improvement. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgrim.18.00009.
- Nikbin, I. M., Beygi, M. H. A., Kazemi, M. T., Amiri, J. V., Rahmani, E., Rabbanifar, S., et al. (2014). A comprehensive investigation into the effect of aging and coarse aggregate size and volume on mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete. Materials and Design, 59, 199–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Saberian, M., Jahandari, S., Li, J., & Zivari, F. (2017). Effect of curing, capillary action, and groundwater level increment on geotechnical properties of lime concrete: Experimental and prediction studies. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 9(4), 638–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Safiuddin, M. (2008). Development of self-consolidating high performance concrete incorporating rice husk ash. PhD thesis, University of Waterloo, Canada.Google Scholar
- Singh, S., & Naval, S. (2016). Effect of magnetic water on the engineering properties of self-compacting concrete using binary and ternary blends. International Journal of Science, Technology and Management, 9(1), 5–18.Google Scholar
- Ubale, P., Pandit, R. D., & Wadekar, A. P. (2016). Performance evaluation of magnetic field treated water on convectional concrete containing fly ash. International Journal of Science Technology and Management, 5(2), 68–77.Google Scholar
- Yang, E. H., Yang, Y., & Li, V. C. (2007). Use of high volumes of fly ash to improve ECC mechanical properties and material greenness. ACI Materials Journal, 104(6), 620–628.Google Scholar