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International Journal of Plant Production

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 369–378 | Cite as

Sulfur Fertilization and Sulfur Sufficiency Range for Contemporary Cotton Cultivars with High Yielding Potentials

  • Jianming Yu
  • Xinhua YinEmail author
  • Tyson B. Raper
  • Sindhu Jagadamma
Research
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

Information is lacking on sulfur (S) nutrition characteristics of contemporary cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivars and their responses to S fertilization in the United States. The objective of this study was to develop S fertilizer recommendations and S sufficiency ranges for contemporary cotton cultivars with high yielding potentials. Sixteen field trials were conducted on cotton across west Tennessee during 2014–2016. Five S application rates of 0, 11.2, 22.4, 33.6, 44.8 kg ha−1 were examined in a randomized complete block design with four replicates at each location-year. Lint yield was significantly increased by 8.5–9.8% with S applications of 11.2, 22.4, 33.6, 44.8 kg ha−1 in the soils with low S. Soil residual S level after harvest was significantly enhanced only at the highest rate of 44.8 kg S ha−1. However, lint yield or soil residual S did not respond to S application in the medium S soils. Leaf S concentrations of 3.9–8.2 g kg−1 at late bloom were needed for 95–100% of the highest yield in the low S soils, which were different from the current S sufficiency range of 3.0–9.0 g kg−1 being used in diagnosing cotton S nutrition. In conclusion, application of 11.2 kg S ha−1 is beneficial and adequate for cotton grown on low S soils. The S sufficiency range at late bloom was narrower for contemporary cotton cultivars than conventional cotton varieties. Sulfur management needs to be more accurate for contemporary cotton cultivars due to their narrower S sufficiency range.

Keywords

Leaf sulfur Lint yield Fiber quality Soil sulfur 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported in part by the Cotton Incorporated Cooperative Agreement No. 14-296, managed by Dr. Bob Nichols. We appreciate the donation of planting seed from Delta and Pine Land Co. and Phytogen Seed Co. Technical assistance was provided on site by Robert Sharp and others. The first author also appreciated the China Scholarship Council for providing funds to support her study leave in the USA.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Water ConservancyShenyang Agricultural UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Department of Plant SciencesThe University of TennesseeJacksonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biosystems Engineering and Soil ScienceThe University of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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