Advertisement

International Journal of Plant Production

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 339–346 | Cite as

Amount of Rain Until Third Leaf Explain Differences in Irrigated Durum Wheat Yield Between a Conventional and No-Tillage System in a Long-Term Crop Rotation System in Mediterranean Environment

  • Paola Silva
  • Marco GarridoEmail author
  • Gastón Shertzer
  • Edmundo Acevedo
Research
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

Crop yields usually respond to crop rotation, but they may interact with tillage system and year (as an integration of variables, mainly in terms of temperature and precipitation). The objective of this study was to evaluate the determinants of the irrigated durum wheat yield under long-term tillage system × crop rotation (2000–2008). Tillage factor considered two levels: moldboard plow plus disk harrow (CT) and no-till (NT) and crop rotations factor had three levels: wheat–fallow–canola (W–F–C), wheat–maize (W–M) and wheat–fallow (W–F). Last year, we evaluate a maize crop as a physical soil quality indicator. The tillage system × crop rotation interaction was not significant, and the lowest durum wheat yield and biomass were observed in the W–M rotation experimental year (reduction of 18.7%). Tillage system × year interaction was significant for wheat yield. Partial least squares analysis indicated that precipitation was high between sowing and 3rd leaf was determinant for yield, and a negative correlation between these variables was observed. Despite the above, no differences were observed in the maize yield directly attributable to physical soil properties. Our study shows that rainfall distribution appears to cause of the tillage system × year interaction for durum wheat yield. When the precipitation was higher (160 mm) between sowing and 3rd leaf, yield decreased in NT by 37% compared to CT possible due to a hypoxia condition and/or low plant-available soil nitrogen, with a negative effect over tillering, affecting in the long-term spike number per square meter.

Keywords

Fallow Surface stubble Hypoxia Water Rainfall distribution Tillering 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the National Fund for the Development of Science and Technology FONDECYT-Chile (Grant No. 1050565), the National Fund for the Promotion of Scientific and Technological Development FONDEF (No. D99I1081), for their financial support. We also thank Rosa Peralta and Marcelo Becerra for their help in managing and maintaining the trials.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Alvarez, R., & Steinbach, H. S. (2009). A review of the effects of tillage systems on some soil physical properties, water content, nitrate availability and crops yield in the Argentine pampas. Soil and Tillage Research,104, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amato, G., Ruisi, P., Frenda, A. S., Di Miceli, G., Saia, S., Plaia, A., et al. (2013). Long-term tillage and crop sequence effects on wheat grain yield and quality. Agronomy Journal,105, 1317–1327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Apablaza, G. (1999). Patología de los cultivos, Epidemiología y control holístico. En: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile (p. 347).Google Scholar
  4. Araki, H., Hossain, M., & Takahashi, T. (2012). Waterlogging and hypoxia have permanent effects on wheat root growth and respiration. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science,198, 264–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bakker, D., Hamilton, G., Hetherington, R., & Spann, C. (2010). Salinity dynamics and the potential for improvement of waterlogged and saline land in a Mediterranean climate using permanent raised beds. Soil and Tillage Research,110, 8–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Balzarini, M., Bruno, C., & Arroyo, A. (2005). Análisis de Ensayos Agrícolas Multiambientales. Ejemplos en Info—Gen. (p. 141). Córdoba: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.Google Scholar
  7. Boomsma, C. R., Santini, J., West, T., Brewer, J., McIntyre, L., & Vyn, T. (2010). Maize grain yield responses to plant height variability resulting from crop rotation and tillage system in a long-term experiment. Soil and Tillage Research,106, 227–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Curaqueo, G., Acevedo, E., Cornejo, P., Seguel, A., Rubio, R., & Borie, F. (2010). Tillage effect on soil organic matter, mycorrhizal hyphae and aggregates in a Mediterranean agroecosystem. Revista de la ciencia del suelo y nutrición vegetal,10, 12–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Curaqueo, G., Acevedo, E., Rubio, R., Cornejo, P., & Borie, F. (2011). Mycorrhizal fungal propagules and physical properties in a Mediterranean agroecosystem managed under two tillage systems. Soil and Tillage Research,113, 11–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Danga, B. O., Ouma, J. P., Wakindiki, I. I., & Bar-Tal, A. (2009). Legume wheat rotation effects on residual soil moisture, nitrogen and wheat yield in tropical regions. Advances in Agronomy,101, 315–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. De Vita, P., Di Paolo, E., Fecondo, G., Di Fonzo, N., & Pisante, M. (2007). No-tillage and conventional tillage effects on durum wheat yield, grain quality and soil moisture content in southern Italy. Soil and Tillage Research,92, 69–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Di Rienzo, J., Casanoves, F., Balzarini, M., Gonzales, L., Tablada, M., & Robledo, C. (2010). Infostat. Grupo Infostat, FCA. Córdoba: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.Google Scholar
  13. Espinoza, S., Ovalle, C., Zagal, E., Matus, I., Tay, J., Peoples, M. B., et al. (2012). Contribution of legumes to wheat productivity in Mediterranean environments of central Chile. Field Crops Research,133, 150–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fischer, R. A. (1985). Number of kernels in wheat crops and the influence of solar radiation and temperature. The Journal of Agricultural Science,105, 447–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hunt, J. R., Browne, C., McBeath, T. M., Verburg, K., Craig, S., & Whitbread, A. M. (2013). Summer fallow weed control and residue management impacts on winter crop yield though soil water and N accumulation in a winter-dominant, low rainfall region of southern Australia. Crop and Pasture Science,64, 922–934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jiménez-de-Santiago, D., Lidón, A., & Bosch-Serra, A. (2019). Soil water dynamics in a rainfed Mediterranean agricultural system. Water,11, 799.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kassam, A. H., Friedrich, T., Derpsch, R., Lahmar, R., Mrabet, R., Basch, G., et al. (2012). Conservation Agriculture in the dry Mediterranean climate. Field Crops Research, 132, 7–17.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2012.02.023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kirkegaard, J., Christen, O., Krupinsky, J., & Layzell, D. (2008). Break crop benefits in temperate wheat production. Field Crops Research,107, 185–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Martínez, E., Fuentes, J. P., Pino, V., Silva, P., & Acevedo, E. (2013). No-tillage effects on chemical and biological properties of an entic haploxeroll of central Chile. Soil and Tillage Research,126, 238–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Martínez, E., Fuentes, J. P., Silva, P., Valle, S., & Acevedo, E. (2008). Soil physical properties and wheat root growth as affected by no-tillage and conventional tillage systems in a Mediterranean environment of Chile. Soil and Tillage Research,99, 232–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Morell, F., Lampurlanés, J., Álvaro-Fuentes, J., & Cantero-Martínez, C. (2011). Yield and water efficiency of barley in a semiarid Mediterranean agroecosystem: Long-term effects of tillage and N fertilization. Soil and Tillage Research,117, 76–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Munkholm, L. J., Heck, R., & Deen, B. (2013). Long-term rotation and tillage effects on soil structure and crop yield. Soil and Tillage Research,127, 85–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Neugschwandtner, R. W., Kaul, H., Liebhard, P., & Wagentrist, H. (2015). Winter wheat yields in a long-term tillage experiment under Pannonian climate conditions. Plant, Soil and Environment,61, 145–150.Google Scholar
  24. Nyamadzawo, G., Nyamugafata, P., Chikowo, P., & Giller, K. E. (2008). Residual effects of fallows on infiltration rates and hydraulic conductivities in a kaolinitic soil subjected to conventional tillage (CT) and no tillage (NT). Agroforestry Systems,72, 161–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Peralta, R., Silva, P., & Acevedo, E. (2011). Characterization of the weed seed bank in zero and conventional tillage in central Chile. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research,7, 140–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pires, L., Borges, J., Rosa, J., Cooper, M., Heck, R., Passoni, S., et al. (2017). Soil structure changes induced by tillage systems. Soil and Tillage Research,165, 66–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rouanet, J. L., Acevedo, E., Mera, M., Silva, P., & Ferrada, S. (2005). Rotaciones de cultivos y sus beneficios para la agricultura del sur. Fundación Chile ( p.91).Google Scholar
  28. Ruisi, P., Giambalvo, D., Saia, S., Di Miceli, G., Frenda, A. S., Plaia, A., et al. (2014). Conservation tillage in a semiarid Mediterranean environment: Results of 20 years of research. Italian Journal of Agronomy,9, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rusinamhodzi, L., Corbeels, M., van Wijk, M., Rufino, M., Nyamangara, J., & Giller, K. (2011). A meta-analysis of long-term effects of conservation agriculture on maize grain yield under rain-fed conditions. Agronomy for Sustainable Development,31, 657–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Setter, T. L., & Waters, I. (2003). Review of prospects for germplasm improvement for waterlogging tolerance in wheat, barley and oats. Plant and Soil,253, 1–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shadzad, M., Farooq, M., & Hussain, M. (2016a). Weed spectrum in different wheat-based cropping systems under conservation and conventional tillage practices in Punjab, Pakistan. Soil and Tillage Research,163, 71–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shahzad, M., Farooq, M., Jabran, K., & Hussain, M. (2016b). Impact of different crop rotation and tillage systems on weed infestation and productivity of bread wheat. Crop Protection,89, 161–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shahzad, M., Farooq, M., Jabran, K., Yasir, T. A., & Hussain, M. (2016c). Influence of various tillage practices on soil physical properties and wheat performance in different wheat-based cropping systems. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology,18, 8121–8829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shao, G., Lan, J., Yu, S., Liu, N., Guo, R., & She, D. (2013). Photosynthesis and growth of winter wheat in response to waterlogging at different growth stages. Photosynthetica,5, 429–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Soil Survey Staff. (2014). Keys to Soil Taxonomy (12th ed.). Washington, DC: USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service.Google Scholar
  36. Uribe, J., Cabrera, R., de la Fuente, A., & Paneque, M. (2012). Atlas Bioclimático de Chile. In: M. Paneque (Ed.), Editorial Universidad de Chile, primera edición. ISBN: 978-956-19–0774-4.Google Scholar
  37. Wilhelm, W. W., & Wortmann, C. S. (2004). Tillage and rotation interactions for corn and soybean grain yield as affected by precipitation and air temperature. Agronomy Journal,96, 425–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zadoks, J., Chang, T., & Konzak, C. (1974). A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Research,14, 415–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratorio de Relación Suelo-Agua-Planta, Departamento de Producción Agrícola, Facultad de Ciencias AgronómicasUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile

Personalised recommendations