Endodontic sonic and ultrasonic irrigant activation

  • John M. NussteinEmail author
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Endodontics


The ultimate goal of cleaning and shaping of the root canal system is the complete removal of the necrotic or vital tissue and disinfection of the root canal space for the placement of obturating materials. The process can be improved with the use of irrigant activation by:
  • Ultrasonic activation

  • Laser activation

  • Sonic activation


Ultrasonic Sonic Laser Root canal cleaning Disinfection 

Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Nusstein J (2015) Sonic and ultrasonic irrigation. In: Basrani B (ed) Endodontic irrigation - chemical disinfection of the root canal system. Springer, Cham, pp 173–197Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    van der Sluis LW, Versluis M, Wu MK, Wesselink PR (2007) Passive ultrasonic irrigation of the root canal: a review of the literature. Int Endod J 40:415–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Layton G, Wu WI, Selvaganapathy PR, Friedman S, Kishen A (2015) Fluid dynamics and biofilm removal generated by syringe-delivered and two ultrasonic-assisted irrigation methods: a novel experimental approach. J Endod 41:884–889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chou K, George R, Walsh LJ (2014) Effectiveness of different intracanal irrigation techniques in removing intracanal paste medicaments. Aust Endod J 40:21–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kaptan F, Karapinar-Kazandag M, Kayahan MB, Bora T, Bayirli G (2012) Potential of an Er: yAG laser in the removal of calcium hydroxide from root canals. Photomed Laser Surg 30:250–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Ohio State University College of DentistryColumbusUSA

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