Patient examination in esthetic dentistry

  • Ugur ErdemirEmail author
  • Esra Yıldız
  • Taner Yucel
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry


A comprehensive evaluation of the patient before initiation of any therapy is important to establish a treatment plan. For a long-term success of any treatment, a detailed analysis of the patient involving medical/dental history and clinical evaluation along with dental X-rays is essential.


Esthetic dentistry Clinical examination Intra-oral examination Extra-oral examination 

Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Erdemir U, Yildiz E, Yucel T (2016) Initial consultation and/or clinical considerations (patient history). In: Erdemir U (ed) Esthetic and functional management of diastema: a multidisciplinary approach. Springer International, Basel, pp 17–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chu CH, Zhang CF, Jin LJ (2011) Treating a maxillary midline diastema in adult patients: a general dentist’s perspective. J Am Dent Assoc 142(11):1258–1264CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oquendo A, Brea L, David S (2011) Diastema: correction of excessive spaces in the esthetic zone. Dent Clin North Am 55:265–281CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Goldstein RE (1998) Esthetics in dentistry, 2nd edn. B.C. Decker Inc., Hamilton, pp 17–49Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ahmad I (2006) Protocols for predictable aesthetic dental restorations. Blackwell Munksgaard, Oxford, pp 1–16Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Santucci E, Santuscci N (2010) The initial patient examination. In: Geissberger E (ed) Esthetic dentistry in clinical practise, 1st edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, pp 29–41Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Italian Academy of Conservative Dentistry (2012) Restorative dentistry, 1st edn. Elsevier Mosby, St. Louis, pp 3–48Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Heymann HO, Swift EJ Jr, Ritter AV (2013) Sturdevant’s art and science of operative dentistry, 6th edn. Elsevier Mosby, St. Louis, pp 89–112Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tarantola GJ (2010) Clinical cases in restorative and reconstructive dentistry, 1st edn. Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, pp 5–25Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Okeson JP (2008) Management of temporomandibular disorders and occlusion, 6th edn. Elsevier Mosby, St. Louis, pp 216–284Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Attia Y (1993) Midline diastemas: closure and stability. Angle Orthod 63:209–212PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of DentistryIstanbul UniversityCapa-IstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Private PracticeAbide-i Hurriyet Cad. Pay AptŞişli-IstanbulTurkey

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