In-office tooth whitening

  • Alessandra Reis
  • Luciana Mendonça da Silva
  • Leandro Martins
  • Alessandro LoguercioEmail author
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. General


Peroxides have been used to whiten teeth for over 100 years and among all whitening therapies the oldest is in-office bleaching. In this article, we will present the summary of the step-by-step procedure and side effects of this bleaching. Some comments regarding the number of clinical appointments for teeth whitening, concentration of the bleaching products, the effects of dentin dehydration and demineralization on the final outcome as well as bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity are given. At the end, some references for further reading can be found.


In-office bleaching Step-by-step procedure Side effects Tooth sensitivity 

Further reading

  1. 1.
    Perdigão J (ed) Tooth whitening. In-office whiteningCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    He LB, Shao MY, Tan K, Xu X, Li JY (2012) The effects of light on bleaching and tooth sensitivity during in-office vital bleaching: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Dent 40:644–653CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Luque-Martinez I, Reis A, Schroeder M, Muñoz MA, Loguercio AD, Masterson D, Maia LC (2016) Comparison of efficacy of tray-delivered carbamide and hydrogen peroxide for at-home bleaching: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Oral Investig 20:1419–1433CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang Y, Gao J, Jiang T, Liang S, Zhou Y, Matis BA (2015) Evaluation of the efficacy of potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride as desensitizing agents during tooth bleaching treatment—a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Dent 43:913–923CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Loguercio AD, Servat F, Stanislawczuk R, Mena-Serrano A, Rezende M, Prieto MV, Cereño V, Rojas MF, Ortega K, Fernandez E, Reis A (2017) Effect of acidity of in-office bleaching gels on tooth sensitivity and whitening: a two-center double-blind randomized clinical trial. Clin Oral Investig. (In press)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    de Geus JL, Wambier LM, Kossatz S, Loguercio AD, Reis A (2016) At-home vs in-office bleaching: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Oper Dent 41:341–356CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rezende M, Loguercio AD, Kossatz S, Reis A (2016) Predictive factors on the efficacy and risk/intensity of tooth sensitivity of dental bleaching: a multi regression and logistic analysis. J Dent 45:1–6CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018
, corrected publication April 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandra Reis
    • 1
  • Luciana Mendonça da Silva
    • 2
  • Leandro Martins
    • 2
  • Alessandro Loguercio
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Restorative DentistryState University of Ponta GrossaPonta GrossaBrazil
  2. 2.School of DentistryFederal University of AmazonasManausBrazil

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