International Journal of Information Technology

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 359–366 | Cite as

An approach to energy efficient vertical handover technique for heterogeneous networks

  • Silki Baghla
  • Savina Bansal
Original Research


Energy consumption is critical issue in heterogeneous networks comprising of proliferation of different types of wireless networks. The next generation mobile terminals are equipped with multiple interfaces to associate themselves with one or more networks at the same time. Vertical handover techniques facilitate the user to have ubiquitous access with desired quality of service but increased energy consumption with time. Thus energy aware vertical handover techniques are highly desirable in present era of heterogeneous networks. In this work, an approach to energy efficient vertical handover technique has been suggested and analyzed for different traffic classes. The proposed approach is based on vector normalized preferred performance based VIKOR algorithm (V-VPP) for performing handover. It resulted in lesser energy consumption in the presence of three interfaces WLAN, WIMAX and cellular interface operating simultaneously.


Heterogeneous Next generation Vertical handover VIKOR V-VPP WIMAX 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. 1.
    McNair J, Zhu F (2004) Vertical handoffs in fourth generation multi network environments. IEEE Wirel Commun 11:8–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Minji N, Nakjung C, Yongho S, Yanghee C (2004) WISE: energy efficient interface selection on vertical handoff between 3G networks and WLANs. In: 15th IEEE International Symposium on Personal Indoor Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), vol 1. pp692–698Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lampropoulos G, Kaloxylos A, Passas N, Merakos L (2007) A power consumption analysis of tight-coupled WLAN/UMTS networks. In: 18th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC’07). pp 1–5Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Salawu N, Onwuka EN (2009) Energy optimisation mechanism for mobile terminals using vertical handoff between WLAN and CDMA2000 networks. Leonardo Electron J Pract Technol 15:51–58Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Seo SH, Song JS (2009) An energy-efficient interface selection for multi-mode terminals by utilizing out-of-band paging channels. Telecommun Syst Springer 42(1–2):151–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yang WH, Wang YC, Tseng YC, Lin BSP (2009) An energy-efficient handover scheme with geographic mobility awareness in WiMAX-WiFi integrated networks. In: Proceeding of IEEE conference on Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC2009). pp 1–6  Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xenakis D, Passas N, Di Gregorio L and Verikoukis C (2011) A context-aware vertical handover framework towards energy-efficiency. In: Proceeding of IEEE 73rd Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring). pp 1–5  Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chamodrakas I, Martakos D (2012) A utility-based fuzzy TOPSIS method for energy efficient network selection in heterogeneous wireless networks. Appl Soft Comput (Elsevier) 12:1929–1938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Giuliano R, Mazzenga F, Petracca M (2014) Power consumption analysis and dimensioning of UMTS-LTE with relays. Proc Comput Sci (Elsevier) 40:74–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang SR (2007) Dynamic power saving mechanism for 3G UMTS system. Mob Netw Appl (Springer) 12(1):5–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Akyol U (2010) Reducing power consumption of subscriber stations in WiMAX networks. In: Proceeding of 2nd International Conference on Evolving Internet, IEEE Communication Society. pp 201–206  Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tsao SL, Lee SY (2010) Evaluating the energy efficiency of TCP transmission over a WiMAX network. In: Proceeding of IEEE 19th International conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN). pp 1–6  Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baghla S, Bansal S (2017) Movement aware Vector Normalized Preferred Performance based VIKOR Vertical Handover algorithm. Int J Innovat Res Technol 4(1):208–216Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Opricovic S (1998) Multi-criteria optimization of civil engineering systems. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Belgrade  Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Baghla S, Bansal S (2014) Effect of normalization techniques in VIKOR method for network selection in heterogeneous networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research (ICCIC-2014). pp 335–340  Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Baghla S, Bansal S (2014) Performance of VIKOR MADM method for vertical handoffs in heterogeneous networks with various weighting methods. In: Proceeding of 8th International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communication Technologies (ICACCT™-2014). pp 29–34  Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS): quality of service (QoS) concept and architecture. 3GPP TS 23.107 version 5.10.0 Release 5Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kaleem F, Mehbodniya A et al (2013) Dynamic target wireless network selection technique using fuzzy linguistic variables. China Commun 10(1):1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Saaty TL (2005) Theory and applications of the analytic network process. RWS Publications, PittsburghGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gallardo-Medina JR, Pineda-Rico U and Stevens-Navarro E (2009) VIKOR method for vertical handoff decision in beyond 3G wireless networks. In: Proceeding of 6th IEEE International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computing Science and Automatic Control (CCE’09), Toluca, Mexico. pp 1–5Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Harjula E, Kassinen O, Ylianttila M (2012) Energy consumption model for mobile devices in 3G and WLAN networks. In: Proceeding of 9th Annual IEEE Consumer Communication and Networking Conference. pp 532–537  Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bharati Vidyapeeth's Institute of Computer Applications and Management 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringIKG Punjab Technical UniversityKapurthalaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringMaharaja Ranjeet Singh State Technical UniversityBathindaIndia

Personalised recommendations