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A Study on the Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Obsessive Compulsive Behaviour in Iraq: Lessons for Cross-cultural Practice

  • Angie CucchiEmail author
  • Marco Tullio Liuzza
  • Zainab Ali Saleem
  • Nesif Jasim Al Hemiary
Article
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Abstract

Given the emphasis on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) as the “golden standard” treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in the UK, some authors have called for the application of this psychotherapeutic approach in the Arab world. This study, carried out in Iraq, is a quantitative single-group design with pre- and post-assessment. Symptoms were assessed in relation to the CBT treatment and a single time follow-up evaluation was carried out after 6 months. Findings suggested a positive impact of CBT, with a significant effect for the number of sessions. The effect was bigger at 6 months follow-up, even when socio-economic status (SES) was controlled for. Initial findings suggest that the analytic nature of CBT might be a useful tool to tackle OCD in Iraq. However, local cultural habits ought to be taken into consideration. Results are discussed in relation to cross-cultural issues, suggested adaptations and the need to work more holistically with indigenous services.

Keywords

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Effectiveness Cross-cultural Middle East 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the participants of this study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Standard

The authors assert that all procedures contributing to this work comply with the ethical standards of the relevant national and institutional committees on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Psychotherapy and PsychologyRegent’s University LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.St. Mary’s University, TwickenhamTwickenhamUK
  3. 3.Department of Medical and Surgical SciencesUniversity “Magna Graecia” of CatanzaroCatanzaroItaly
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry. Al-Yarmook Teaching HospitalBaghdadIraq
  5. 5.College of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of PsychiatryUniversity of BaghdadBaghdadIraq

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