Aerosol Science and Engineering

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 41–50 | Cite as

Elements in Fine Particulate Matter (PM\(_{2.5}\)) from Indoor Air During Household Stoves Coal Combustion at Xuanwei, China

  • K. H. Lui
  • C. S. Chan
  • Linwei Tian
  • Bo-Fu Ning
  • Yiping Zhou
  • Xiaolin Song
  • Jinwen Li
  • Jun-Ji Cao
  • S. C. Lee
  • K. F. HoEmail author
Original Paper


The characteristics of elements in fine particulate matter (PM\(_{2.5}\)) emitted during indoor coal combustion in Xuanwei were investigated. Lead (Pb) emissions were high among the trace elements at all sampling locations. The average Pb concentrations in “Laibin” samples were \(\sim \)1.5 time higher than “non-Laibin” samples and were statistically significantly difference (paired t test). Concentration ratios normalized to total suspended particles for the elements were also characterized and compared between the two types of locations. Element ratio (Se/S) values were different with another study, suggesting possible different composition characteristics of the samples in Xuanwei compared with other regions in China. These findings provide information about concentrations of elements in different types of coal samples emission during household coal combustion. There is a need to address the health effects of environmentally relevant doses of elements in fine particulate matter, considering life-long exposure of people in indoor dwellings.


Xuanwei Element PM\(_{2.5}\) Household coal combustion Stove 



This study is supported by project under the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region China (Project No. CUHK 412612). On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest. The author would like to thank Xiao-Cui Chen for her assistance in laboratory.

Supplementary material

41810_2017_4_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (docx 1644 KB)


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Copyright information

© Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. H. Lui
    • 1
  • C. S. Chan
    • 1
  • Linwei Tian
    • 3
  • Bo-Fu Ning
    • 4
  • Yiping Zhou
    • 5
  • Xiaolin Song
    • 5
  • Jinwen Li
    • 5
  • Jun-Ji Cao
    • 2
    • 6
  • S. C. Lee
    • 7
  • K. F. Ho
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary CareThe Chinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  3. 3.School of Public HealthThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  4. 4.Chronic Non-Infectious Disease Control DepartmentXuanwei City Center for Disease Control and PreventionXuanweiChina
  5. 5.Coal Geology Prospecting Institute of Yunnan ProvinceKunmingChina
  6. 6.Institute of Global Environmental ChangeXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  7. 7.Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Research Center of Urban Environmental Technology and ManagementThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongChina

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