Sleep and Vigilance

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 159–160 | Cite as

Impact of Electronic Gadgets on Sleep Spindle and Memory in Paediatric Population

  • Alok SinghEmail author



To critically analyse the link between effect of electronic gadgets/smartphone on sleep spindles and memory in paediatric population.


Articles showing use of smartphones and their link between sleep spindles and memory alterations were searched in various standard databases. They were analysed and hypothesis was generated that how excessive use of smartphones can lead to alteration in generation of sleep spindle and memory consolidation. There are very few if any clinical studies mentioning such correlation. Hence, physiological basis of spindle generation in early developmental life and associated alteration in memory development was discussed.


No specific study showed such correlation; however, few studies supported the hypothesis.


The results are inconclusive and require more clinical study to substantiate the hypothesis in paediatric population.


Neurodevelopmental disorder Preschool children Sleep spindle Smartphone 



  1. 1.
    Gruber R, Wise MS. Sleep spindle characteristics in children with neurodevelopmental disorders and their relation to cognition. Neural Plast. 2016;2016:4724792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    McClain IJ, Lustenberger C, Achermann P, Lassonde JM, Kurth S, LeBourgeois MK. Developmental changes in sleep spindle characteristics and sigma power across early childhood. Neural Plast. 2016;2016:3670951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sundus M. The impact of using gadgets on children. J Depress Anxiety. 2018;7(1):296.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Paudel S, et al. Correlates of mobile screen media use among children aged 0–8: a systematic review. BMJ Open. 2017;7:e014585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang HX, McDonald SWS, Dekhtyar S, Fratiglioni L. Association of lifelong exposure to cognitive reserve-enhancing factors with dementia risk: a community-based cohort study. PLoS Med. 2017;14(3):e1002251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesRaipurIndia

Personalised recommendations