Sleep and Vigilance

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 143–149 | Cite as

Sleep Pattern and Sports Performance of Adolescent Archers: A Pre–Post-intervention Pilot Study

  • Chandra Sekara Guru
  • Karuna DattaEmail author
  • Anup Krishnan
  • Anuj Kumar
  • Uma Mahajan
  • Sunil Jhajharia
  • Manoj Kumar
  • Amit Kumar
  • Narendra Yadav
  • Amar Singh
Original Article



Sleep is an important factor for sports performance. Physiological delay in sleep–wake phase and sports training pose adolescent athletes at increased risk of sleep problems. The aim of the study was to observe the sleep pattern and effect of non-pharmacological sleep strategies in adolescent archers.


Fifteen male adolescent archers participated. Sleep measures were recorded using ‘School Sleep Habits Survey’ questionnaire. Awareness of benefits of good sleep on recovery in sports was done for coaches, staff and players. Institution of a sleep consultation and practice of non-pharmacological strategies to improve sleep for players was carried out for a year. Sleep measures and archery scores were analysed.


Sleep pattern showed delayed sleep onset and decreased sleep duration. Post-intervention, total sleep duration increased during weekdays and weekends and sleep onset latency significantly reduced during weekdays (p = 0.008). Archery practice shooting score over the year significantly improved (p = 0.018).


Sleep in adolescent archers showed altered sleep parameters. Self-awareness and sleep hygiene education of coaches and players along with non-pharmacological interventions showed a significant improvement in sleep and archery performance.

Clinical trial registration ID



Sleep Athletic performance Adolescent Athlete 



All athletes, coaches and administrators of Army Sports Institute, Pune, India are acknowledged for their active contribution in the study.


This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sports MedicineArmed Forces Medical CollegePuneIndia
  2. 2.Sports Science FacultyArmy Sports InstitutePuneIndia

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