Sleep Quality and Duration Best Predict Quality of Life in College Students
Sleep is a vital part of everyday life which provides energy for activities of daily living. However, sleep is often sacrificed, particularly during the college years, due to a variety of reasons such as: academic demands, financial concerns, and family stress. The present study investigated the relationship between sufficient sleep and perceived wellness in a college student sample.
Participants consisted of 140 undergraduate students (88 females; M = 20.71 years, SD 3.27 years), and they were asked to complete an electronic survey package (demographics, sleep quality, and wellness perceptions) administered on the lab computer. Bivariate Pearson correlations and a linear regression analysis were conducted to explore the relationship between sleep and wellness.
Sleep quality was correlated with greater perceived psychological and emotional wellness. Greater sleep duration reflected better social and overall perceived wellness. Individuals who endorsed better overall sleep reported greater perceived physical wellness. The regression analysis revealed that sleep quality and duration were the only significant predictors of wellness perceptions.
Findings suggest that college students who experience insufficient sleep are at a greater risk for decreased quality of life. It is critical that college counselors and administrators educate students on the importance of sleep hygiene and provide interventions to combat problems threatening college student well-being.
KeywordsSleep quality Sleep duration Wellness College students
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare no conflict(s) of interest.
- 3.Altevogt BM, Colten HR, editors. Sleep disorders and sleep deprivation: an unmet public health problem. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2006.Google Scholar
- 25.Wong ML, Lau EY, Wan JH, Cheung SF, Hui CH, Mok DS. The interplay between sleep and mood in predicting academic functioning, physical health and psychological health: a longitudinal study. J Psychosom Res. 2013;74(4):271–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.08.014.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 29.Gong QH, Li H, Zhang XH, Zhang T, Cui J, Xu GZ. Associations between sleep duration and physical activity and dietary behaviors in Chinese adolescents: results from the youth behavioral risk factor surveys of 2015. Sleep Med. 2017;37:168–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2017.06.024.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 41.Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L, Hazen N, Herman J, Hillard PJ, Katz ES, Kheirandish-Gozal L. National Sleep Foundation’s updated sleep duration recommendations. Sleep Health. 2015;1(4):233–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2015.10.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar