Sintering effect on borosilicate glass-bovine hydroxyapatite composites

  • Zarif CatalgolEmail author


Natural bioceramic resources bring alternative route in hard tissue implant applications; using natural bovine hydroxyapatite (BHA) in these applications provides a more economical and time-friendly approach to these methods. BHA particles were doped (< 100 μm) with the amount of 5 and 10 wt.% of borosilicate glass (BSG) particles (< 100 μm). Powder mix pressed to pellets with a cold press machine. Then, green composites were sintered at different temperatures (1000, 1100, 1200, and 1300 °C). Highest Vickers hardness was obtained as 232.95 HV and highest compression strength was measured as 117.17 MPa, which is similar to cortical bone. In this study, BSG and BHA composites were produced as a potential implant material for bone engineering applications. Natural hydroxyapatite and recycled borosilicate glasses were used as converting natural sources to biomaterial which is useful and novel.


Composites Bovine bone hydroxyapatite (BHA) Borosilicate glass (BSG) Bioceramic 



The author would like to thank Mr. Burak Ozbek, Prof. Faik Nuzhet Oktar, and Dr. Hasan Gokce for supplying the material for helpful discussions, writing assistance, and investigation.

Funding information

This study received financial support from the Marmara University, under the grant of the Advanced Nanomaterials Research Laboratory.


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Copyright information

© Australian Ceramic Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of TechnologyMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Centre for Nanotechnology & Biomaterials ResearchMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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