Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 657–666 | Cite as

The unsteady flow of generalized hybrid nanofluids: applications in cementitious materials

  • Madeha Gohar
  • Farhad AliEmail author
  • Ilyas Khan
  • Nadeem Ahmad Sheikh
  • Attaullah Shah


Since the introduction of reinforced concrete as a structural material, the construction industry has made remarkable progress. The addition of nanoparticles will result in a stronger, more durable, self-healing, fire-resistant, easy to clean, and rapid compaction of the cementitious material. Some of the nanoparticles that could be used for these features are nano silica, aluminum oxide, nanostructured metals, carbon nanotubes, and carbon nanofibers (CNFs). In this article, the mathematical problem is modeled for hybrid nanofluids and generalized by using the concept of Caputo-Fabrizio fractional derivatives, and its application in the cementitious materials is studied theoretically. The problem is solved using the Laplace transform technique. The results show that by adding the Al2O3 nanoparticles and MWCNTs, the binding strength of the cement may be enhanced. Moreover, the effects of Al2O3 nanoparticles and MWCNTs are also discussed separately. Graphs are drawn for different volume fractions of nanoparticles and MWCNTs and discussed physically.


Hybrid nanofluids Cementitious materials Cohesion strength Exact solutions Fractional model 


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Copyright information

© Australian Ceramic Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madeha Gohar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Farhad Ali
    • 3
    Email author
  • Ilyas Khan
    • 4
  • Nadeem Ahmad Sheikh
    • 3
  • Attaullah Shah
    • 5
  1. 1.Computational Analysis Research GroupTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of Mathematics and StatisticsTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Department of MathematicsCity University of Science and Information TechnologyPeshawarPakistan
  4. 4.Basic Engineering Sciences DepartmentCollege of Engineering Majmaah UniversityMajmaahSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Department of Civil EngineeringCity University of Science and Information TechnologyPeshawarPakistan

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