The role of carbon in the formation mechanism of F-type centers in α-Al2O3:C,Mg single crystals

  • Yihang Wang
  • Canhui Xu
  • Jianyu Chen
  • Daibing Luo
  • Yong Gang Yuan
  • TaiPing Peng


In this study, an α-Al2O3:C,Mg single crystal was grown using the Czochralski method with graphite resistance heating, Al2O3, MgO, and graphite powder as raw materials. Both the graphite heating unit and the shield served as the carbon source during the growth process. The structure and the optical properties of the crystal were investigated. The as-grown crystal shows a prominent absorption band at 206 nm, 230 nm, and 256 nm. The excitation-emission (EE) spectrum reveals a weak luminescence center (435/510 nm) that is attributed to the \( {\mathrm{F}}_2^{2+} \)(2 Mg). We calculate the concentration of the F-type centers using Smakula’s equation. Using the first principles simulation method, we studied the relation between the C atoms and the absorption properties of the crystal, and we discuss the role of carbon in the formation mechanism of the F-type luminescence centers for a α-Al2O3:C,Mg crystal.


Crystals growth Al2O3:C,Mg Color centers 



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Copyright information

© Australian Ceramic Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Nuclear Physics and ChemistryChina Academy of Engineering PhysicsMianyangChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Analytical & Testing CenterSichuan UniversityChengduChina

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