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, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 28–33 | Cite as

Manufacturing Principles for Z-Pin Reinforced FRP Composite Laminates in the Case of Bolted Joints

  • Benjamin Schornstein
  • Robert Staschko
  • Normen Fuchs
  • Nikolai Glück
Construction FRP composite laminates

Pre-loading of bolted FRP joints leads to creep and relaxation processes. Those effects are causing a continuous pre-load loss. A newly developed production method allows a reduction of these effects by using thin CFRP pins. Those pins reinforce the composite laminate in thickness direction.

Bolted joints are the most common way to connect different materials in constructional design. Combinations of components based on metal and fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) are currently assembled using bolted joints characterized as bearing-type shear joints (SL). Alternatively they have to be realized with auxiliary constructions, e.g. using metallic inserts. SL joints transmit operating loads due to a punctiform or line-shaped surface contact of the bolt to the borehole. Therefore the bolt is decisively stressed by shear loading and the sheets are exposed to bearing stress between the shank of the bolt and the borehole.

An alternative is provided by slip-resistant pre-loaded (AP) joints. In the...



The research project (AiF 18811BR) is funded and managed by the Research Association EFB e. V. It is promoted by the consortium of Industrial Research Associations “Otto von Guericke” e. V. (AiF), due to a program for the promotion of industrial collective research and development (IGF) by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy on the basis of a decision of the German Bundestag. We would like to sincerely thank for funding the research project. For the content wise supporting of the project and the provision of material, we would like to thank the companies of the project-accompanying committee.


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin Schornstein
    • 1
  • Robert Staschko
    • 1
  • Normen Fuchs
    • 1
  • Nikolai Glück
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer-Research Institution for Large Structures in Production EngineeringRostockDeutschland

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