Advertisement

Application of Stabilized Nano Zero Valent Iron Particles for Immobilization of Available Cd2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, and Pb2+ Ions in Soil

  • Saulius Vasarevičius
  • Vaidotas DanilaEmail author
  • Dainius Paliulis
Research paper
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

The present manuscript studies the effectiveness of commercial nano zero valent iron (nZVI) particles in decreasing the availability of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Pb in spiked soil samples and to remove the same heavy metals from aqueous solutions. The difference of nZVI efficiency between single and multi-metal contamination was evaluated. The application of nZVI in water samples showed higher effectiveness in the cases of single metal contamination. The effectiveness of single- and multi-metal (mixtures of Cu, Ni, Pb and Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb) immobilization in soil using different doses (0%, 0.85%, 1.7%, 2.55%, and 5.1%) of nZVI was determined. Immobilization efficiency was assessed using the leaching procedure and depended on a particular metal and the dose of nZVI. In all cases, it was determined that an increasing amount of nZVI resulted in decrease in the leaching of analysed metals. In cases, where higher nZVI doses were used, higher immobilization efficiency was observed for heavy metals in multi-metal contamination. The application of nZVI significantly reduced leaching of all heavy metals and this strategy can be successfully used for heavy metals stabilization in soils.

Article Highlights

  • The highest removal efficiencies from aqueous solutions were for Cu2+ and Pb2+.

  • The percentages of metal immobilized were higher in multi-metal polluted soils.

  • Using nZVI the exchangeable fraction of heavy metals can be significantly reduced.

Keywords

Availability Heavy metals Nano zero valent iron particles Immobilization 

Notes

Funding

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

References

  1. Boparai HK, Joseph M, O’Carroll DM (2011) Kinetics and thermodynamics of cadmium ion removal by adsorption onto nano zerovalent iron particles. J Hazard Mater 186:458–465.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.11.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boparai HK, Joseph M, O’Carroll DM (2013) Cadmium (Cd2+) removal by nano zerovalent iron: surface analysis, effects of solution chemistry and surface complexation modeling. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20:6210–6221.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1651-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bouyoucos GJ (1962) Hydrometer method improved for making particle size analyses of soils. Agron J 54:464–465.  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1962.00021962005400050028x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cook S (2009) Assessing the use and application of zero-valent iron nanoparticle technology for remediation at contaminated sites. Jackson State University, Jackson; U.S. EPA, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  5. Di Palma L, Gueye MT, Petrucci E (2015) Hexavalent chromium reduction in contaminated soil: a comparison between ferrous sulphate and nanoscale zero-valent iron. J Hazard Mater 281:70–76.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.07.058 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Franco DV, Da Silva LM, Jardim WF (2009) Reduction of hexavalent chromium in soil and ground water using zero-valent iron under batch and semi-batch conditions. Water Air Soil Pollut 197:49–60.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-008-9790-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gil-Díaz M, Alonso J, Rodríguez-Valdés E et al (2014) Reducing the mobility of arsenic in brownfield soil using stabilised zero-valent iron nanoparticles. J Environ Sci Heal-Part A Toxic/Hazard Subst Environ Eng 49:1361–1369.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10934529.2014.928248 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gil-Díaz M, Alonso J, Rodríguez-Valdés E et al (2017a) Comparing different commercial zero valent iron nanoparticles to immobilize As and Hg in brownfield soil. Sci Total Environ.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.011 Google Scholar
  9. Gil-Díaz M, Pinilla P, Alonso J, Lobo MC (2017b) Viability of a nanoremediation process in single or multi-metal(loid) contaminated soils. J Hazard Mater 321:812–819.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.09.071 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Houba VJG, Temminghoff EJM, Gaikhorst GA, van Vark W (2000) Soil analysis procedures using 0.01 M calcium chloride as extraction reagent. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 31:1299–1396.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620009370514 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kanel SR, Manning B, Charlet L, Choi H (2005) Removal of arsenic(III) from groundwater by nanoscale zero-valent iron. Environ Sci Technol 39:1291–1298.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es048991u CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kanel SR, Grenèche J-M, Choi H (2006) Arsenic(V) removal from groundwater using nano scale zero-valent iron as a colloidal reactive barrier material. Environ Sci Technol 40:2045–2050.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es0520924 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Karabelli D, Çaǧri Ü, Shahwan T et al (2008) Batch removal of aqueous Cu2+ions using nanoparticles of zero-valent iron: a study of the capacity and mechanism of uptake. Ind Eng Chem Res 47:4758–4764.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie800081s CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Klimkova S, Cernik M, Lacinova L et al (2011) Zero-valent iron nanoparticles in treatment of acid mine water from in situ uranium leaching. Chemosphere 82:1178–1184.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.11.075 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Komárek M, Vaněk A, Ettler V (2013) Chemical stabilization of metals and arsenic in contaminated soils using oxides—a review. Environ Pollut 172:9–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kumpiene J, Lagerkvist A, Maurice C (2008) Stabilization of As, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in soil using amendments—a review. Waste Manag.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2006.12.012 Google Scholar
  17. Li XQ, Zhang WX (2006) Iron nanoparticles: the core–shell structure and unique properties for Ni(II) sequestration. Langmuir 22:4638–4642.  https://doi.org/10.1021/la060057k CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li X, Zhang W (2007) Sequestration of metal cations with zerovalent iron nanoparticles: a study with high resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HR-XPS). J Phys Chem C 111:6939–6946.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0702189 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li XQ, Elliott DW, Zhang WX (2006) Zero-valent iron nanoparticles for abatement of environmental pollutants: materials and engineering aspects. Crit Rev Solid State Mater Sci 31:111–122.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10408430601057611 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liang W, Dai C, Zhou X, Zhang Y (2014) Application of zero-valent iron nanoparticles for the removal of aqueous zinc ions under various experimental conditions. PLoS One.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085686 Google Scholar
  21. Lien H-L, Jhuo Y-S, Chen L-H (2007) Effect of heavy metals on dechlorination of carbon tetrachloride by iron nanoparticles. Environ Eng Sci 24:21–30.  https://doi.org/10.1089/ees.2007.24.21 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mench M, Vangronsveld J, Clijsters H et al (2000) Phytoremediation of contaminated soil and water. In: Terry N, Banuelos G (eds) Phytoremediation of contaminated soil and water. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, pp 327–362Google Scholar
  23. O’Carroll D, Sleep B, Krol M et al (2013) Nanoscale zero valent iron and bimetallic particles for contaminated site remediation. Adv Water Resour 51:104–122.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.02.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Peacock CL, Sherman DM (2004) Copper(II) sorption onto goethite, hematite and lepidocrocite: a surface complexation model based on ab initio molecular geometries and EXAFS spectroscopy. Geochim Cosmochim Acta.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2003.11.030 Google Scholar
  25. Ponder SM, Darab JG, Mallouk TE (2000) Remediation of Cr(VI) and Pb(II) aqueous solutions using supported, nanoscale zero-valent iron. Environ Sci Technol 34:2564–2569.  https://doi.org/10.1021/es9911420 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Soto-Hidalgo KT, Cabrera CR (2018) Nanoscale zero valent iron for environmental cadmium metal treatment. Green Chemistry. InTech, LondonGoogle Scholar
  27. Tiberg C, Kumpiene J, Gustafsson JP et al (2016) Immobilization of Cu and As in two contaminated soils with zero-valent iron—long-term performance and mechanisms. Appl Geochem 67:144–152.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.02.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Üzüm Ç, Shahwan T, Eroǧlu AE et al (2009) Synthesis and characterization of kaolinite-supported zero-valent iron nanoparticles and their application for the removal of aqueous Cu2+ and Co2+ ions. Appl Clay Sci 43:172–181.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2008.07.030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Vítková M, Rákosová S, Michálková Z, Komárek M (2017) Metal(loid)s behaviour in soils amended with nano zero-valent iron as a function of pH and time. J Environ Manage 186:268–276.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.06.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wang W, Hua Y, Li S et al (2016) Removal of Pb(II) and Zn (II) using lime and nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI): a comparative study. Chem Eng J 304:79–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wuana RA, Okieimen FE (2011) Heavy Metals in Contaminated soils: a review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. ISRN Ecol 2011:1–20.  https://doi.org/10.5402/2011/402647 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Xi Y, Mallavarapu M, Naidu R (2010) Reduction and adsorption of Pb2+ in aqueous solution by nano-zero-valent iron—a SEM, TEM and XPS study. Mater Res Bull 45:1361–1367.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2010.06.046 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Xu Y, Zhao D (2007) Reductive immobilization of chromate in water and soil using stabilized iron nanoparticles. Water Res 41:2101–2108.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.02.037 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yan W, Herzing AA, Kiely CJ, Zhang WX (2010) Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI): aspects of the core-shell structure and reactions with inorganic species in water. J Contam Hydrol 118:96–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2010.09.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zeng J, Zhou S, Lv L et al (2018) Soil heavy metal contamination in rural land consolidation areas in the Yangtze River Delta, China. J Environ Eng Landsc Manag 26:28–37.  https://doi.org/10.3846/16486897.2017.1346512 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhao X, Liu W, Cai Z et al (2016) An overview of preparation and applications of stabilized zero-valent iron nanoparticles for soil and groundwater remediation. Water Res 100:245–266.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2016.05.019 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© University of Tehran 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Protection and Water EngineeringVilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania

Personalised recommendations