Advertisement

Treatment of Dye Containing Real Industrial Effluents using NaOH-Activated Ficus racemosa and Prunus dulcis based Novel Adsorbents

  • Suyog Nandlal Jain
  • Parag Ratnakar GogateEmail author
Research paper
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

The present study aims at evaluating the potential of synthesized biosorbents using NaOH-activated dead leaves of Ficus racemosa (NTFR) and Prunus dulcis (NTPD) for the treatment of real industrial effluents containing dyes. Kinetic and isotherm studies have been performed to establish the important design-related information for the treatment of industrial effluent using synthesized biosorbents. The extent of dye removal obtained as 99.19% for the studies involving pure dye solution of Acid Blue 25 dye with 50 mg L−1 as initial concentration using NTFR biosorbent was found to decrease marginally to 96.72% in the case of real effluent with similar dye loading and under similar operating conditions. Biosorption capacity for the case of pure Acid Blue 25 dye solution obtained as 83.33 mg g−1 also marginally decreased to 80.65 mg g−1 for the industrial effluent. Similarly, for the case of Acid Green 25 dye, extent of dye removal obtained as 92.09% was found to decrease to 84.51% in the case of mixed industrial effluent. In this case, reduction in chemical oxygen demand (COD) was also measured and compared with that of pure Acid Green 25 dye solution. COD reduction was obtained as 53.97% at the optimized dose of 18 g/L of NTPD for mixed industrial effluent which was lower than 92.05% obtained at the optimized biosorbent dose for pure Acid Green 25 dye solution. Langmuir and pseudo-second-order model fitted well to the obtained data in the present study. The obtained results confirmed potential of synthesized biosorbents for removal of dyes from industrial effluent and also established the influence of other compounds present in the industrial effluent on removal rate of individual dyes.

Article Highlights

  • Novel biosorbents applied for treatment of real dye-containing industrial effluent.

  • Comparison of removal rates for real effluent and simulated solutions.

  • Kinetic and adsorption isotherm fitting to the obtained experimental data.

  • COD reduction analysis confirmed the interaction of other compounds on dye removal.

  • Lower dye removal observed for real effluent as against simulated effluents.

Keywords

Adsorption Industrial effluent Kinetics Isotherms Acid Blue 25 Acid Green 25 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank University Grant Commission-Networking Resource Centre at Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India and Lotus Enterprises, Mumbai.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Abdi J, Vossoughi M, Mahmoodi NM, Alemzadeh I (2017) Synthesis of metal-organic framework hybrid nanocomposites based on GO and CNT with high adsorption capacity for dye removal. Chem Eng J 326:1145–1158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adegoke KA, Bello OS (2015) Dye sequestration using agricultural wastes as adsorbents. Water Resour Ind 12:8–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmad AA, Hameed BH (2009) Reduction of COD and color of dyeing effluent from a cotton textile mill by adsorption onto bamboo-based activated carbon. J Hazard Mater 172:1538–1543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alizadeh N, Shariati S, Besharati N (2017) Adsorption of crystal violet and methylene blue on azolla and fig leaves modified with magnetite iron oxide nanoparticles. Int J Environ Res 11:197–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Attallah OA, Al-ghobashy MA, Nebsen M, Salem MY (2016) Removal of cationic and anionic dyes from aqueous solution with magnetite/pectin and magnetite/silica/pectin hybrid nanocomposites: kinetic, isotherm and mechanism analysis. RSC Adv 6:11461–11480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baheri B, Ghahremani R, Peydayesh M et al (2016) Dye removal using 4A-zeolite/polyvinyl alcohol mixed matrix membrane adsorbents: preparation, characterization, adsorption, kinetics, and thermodynamics. Res Chem Intermed 42:5309–5328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bhatnagar A, Kumar E, Minocha AK et al (2009) Removal of anionic dyes from water using Citrus limonum (Lemon) peel: equilibrium studies and kinetic modeling. Sep Sci Technol 44:316–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Boumaza S, Yenounne A, Hachi W et al (2018) Application of Typha angustifolia (L.) dead leaves waste as biomaterial for the removal of cationic dye from aqueous solution. Int J Environ Res 12:561–573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Celekli A, Ilgün G, Bozkurt H (2012) Sorption equilibrium, kinetic, thermodynamic, and desorption studies of Reactive Red 120 on Chara contraria. Chem Eng J 191:228–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chawla S, Uppal H, Yadav M et al (2017) Zinc peroxide nanomaterial as an adsorbent for removal of Congo red dye from waste water. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 135:68–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Crini G (2006) Non-conventional low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: a review. Bioresour Technol 97:1061–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dash S, Chaudhuri H, Gupta R, Nair UG (2018) Adsorption study of modified coal fly ash with sulfonic acid as a potential adsorbent for the removal of toxic reactive dyes from aqueous solution: kinetics and thermodynamics. J Environ Chem Eng 6:5897–5905CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dastkhoon M, Ghaedi M, Asfaram A et al (2017) Simultaneous removal of dyes onto nanowires adsorbent use of ultrasound assisted adsorption to clean waste water: chemometrics for modeling and optimization, multicomponent adsorption and kinetic study. Chem Eng Res Des 124:222–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Demirbas A (2009) Agricultural based activated carbons for the removal of dyes from aqueous solutions: a review. J Hazard Mater 167:1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. El Atouani S, Belattmania Z, Reani A et al (2018) Brown seaweed Sargassum muticum as low-cost biosorbent of methylene blue. Int J Environ Res.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41742-018-0161-4 Google Scholar
  16. El-naggar ME, Radwan EK, El-wakeel ST et al (2018) Synthesis, characterization and adsorption properties of microcrystalline cellulose based nanogel for dyes and heavy metals removal. Int J Biol Macromol 113:248–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Freundlich HMF (1906) Over the adsorption in solution. J Phys Chem 57:385–470Google Scholar
  18. Gong R, Ding Y, Li M et al (2005) Utilization of powdered peanut hull as biosorbent for removal of anionic dyes from aqueous solution. Dye Pigment 64:187–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gündüz F, Bayrak B (2017) Biosorption of malachite green from an aqueous solution using pomegranate peel: equilibrium modelling, kinetic and thermodynamic studies. J Mol Liq 243:790–798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hayati B, Mahmoodi NM, Arami M, Mazaheri F (2011) Dye removal from colored textile wastewater by poly (propylene imine) dendrimer: operational parameters and isotherm studies. Clean Soil Air Water 39:673–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ho YS, Mckay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34:451–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Inyinbor AA, Adekola FA, Olatunji GA (2016) Kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic modeling of liquid phase adsorption of Rhodamine B dye onto Raphia hookerie fruit epicarp. Water Resour Ind 15:14–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jain SN, Gogate PR (2017a) NaOH-treated dead leaves of Ficus racemosa as an efficient biosorbent for Acid Blue 25 removal. Int J Environ Sci Technol 14:531–542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jain SN, Gogate PR (2017b) Adsorptive removal of acid violet 17 dye from wastewater using biosorbent obtained from NaOH and H2SO4 activation of fallen leaves of Ficus racemosa. J Mol Liq 243:132–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jain SN, Gogate PR (2017c) Acid Blue 113 removal from aqueous solution using novel biosorbent based on NaOH treated and surfactant modified fallen leaves of Prunus Dulcis. J Environ Chem Eng 5:3384–3394CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jain SN, Gogate PR (2018) Efficient removal of Acid Green 25 dye from wastewater using activated Prunus Dulcis as biosorbent: batch and column studies. J Environ Manage 210:226–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kim T, Song HJ, Dar MA et al (2018) Fast adsorption kinetics of highly dispersed ultrafine nickel/carbon nanoparticles for organic dye removal. Appl Surf Sci 439:364–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lagergren S (1898) About the theory of so called adsorption of soluble substances. Ksver Veterskapsakad Handl 24:1–6Google Scholar
  29. Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J Am Chem Soc 40:1361–1403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Li C, Xia H, Zhang L et al (2017) Kinetics, thermodynamics, and isotherm study on the removal of methylene blue dye by adsorption via copper modified activated carbon. Res Chem Intermed 44:2231–2250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Maleki A, Hamesadeghi U, Daraei H et al (2017) Amine functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes: single and binary systems for high capacity dye removal. Chem Eng J 313:826–835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Natarajan S, Bajaj HC, Tayade RJ (2018) Recent advances based on the synergetic effect of adsorption for removal of dyes from waste water using photocatalytic process. J Environ Sci 65:201–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ngulube T, Gumbo JR, Masindi V, Maity A (2017) An update on synthetic dyes adsorption onto clay based minerals: a state-of-art review. J Environ Manage 191:35–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Papegowda PK, Syed AA (2017) Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution using saw palmetto spent. Int J Environ Res 11:91–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ponnusami V, Srivastava SN (2009) Studies on application of teak leaf powders for the removal of color from synthetic and industrial effluents. J Hazard Mater 169:1159–1162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rangabhashiyam S, Anu N, Selvaraju N (2013) Sequestration of dye from textile industry wastewater using agricultural waste products as adsorbents. J Environ Chem Eng 1:629–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Salleh MAM, Mahmoud DK, Karim WAWA, Idris A (2011) Cationic and anionic dye adsorption by agricultural solid wastes: a comprehensive review. Desalination 280:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sonai GG, De Souza SMAGU, de Oliveira D, de Souza AAU (2016) The application of textile sludge adsorbents for the removal of Reactive Red 2 dye. J Environ Manage 168:149–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Temkin MJ, Pyzhev V (1940) Recent modifications to Langmuir isotherms. Acta Physicochim USSR 12:217–225Google Scholar
  40. Wang J, Zhu H, Hurren C et al (2015) Degradation of organic dyes by P25-reduced graphene oxide: influence of inorganic salts and surfactants. J Environ Chem Eng 3:1437–1443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wang X, Jiang C, Hou B et al (2018) Carbon composite lignin-based adsorbents for the adsorption of dyes. Chemosphere 206:587–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhou Y, Zhang L, Cheng Z (2015) Removal of organic pollutants from aqueous solution using agricultural wastes: a review. J Mol Liq 212:739–762CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© University of Tehran 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentInstitute of Chemical TechnologyMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations