Advertisement

Simultaneous Adsorption of Cationic and Anionic Dyes by Chitosan/Cellulose Beads for Wastewaters Treatment

  • Angel L. Vega-Negron
  • Luis Alamo-NoleEmail author
  • Oscar Perales-Perez
  • Angela M. Gonzalez-Mederos
  • Christine Jusino-Olivencia
  • Felix R. Roman-Velazquez
Research paper

Abstract

There are thousands of commercially available dyes which represent 7 × 105 tons produced annually worldwide. Discharges of these dyes from dyeing industry effluents have the potential to reach aquatic environments, affecting many life forms. Methylene Blue (MB) is the most common dye used in textile industries. Congo Red (CR) is an azo-based dye that can be metabolized in benzidine, a human carcinogen agent. In this study, polymeric beads made of chitosan and cellulose were used to remove simultaneously a cationic dye (MB) and a anionic dye (CR). The sorption capacity of the beads was evaluated using different dye concentrations under individual (MB or CR) and simultaneous (MB and CR) conditions. Dyes’ concentration in solution was determined by HPLC–DAD. The results evidenced that both dyes can be adsorbed individually and simultaneously on the polymeric beads. The sorption process fitted the Langmuir’s isotherm. The qmax values for CR and MB simultaneous adsorption were 1.6 and 0.68 µmol/g, respectively. The chitosan/cellulose beads exhibited a large adsorption capacity for CR on individual and simultaneous experiments. Adsorption mechanism involves electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bonds and dipole-dipole forces between the functional groups of the polymeric beads and the dyes.

Keywords

Chitosan/cellulose beads Adsorption Dyes Methylene blue Congo red Wastewaters treatment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful for the financial support from the US Department of Agriculture through the Center for Education and Training in Agricultural and Related Sciences Proposal (CETARS; award #: USDA/NIFA: 2011-38422-30835), at Inter American University of Puerto Rico at San German and University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez. Special thanks to Mrs. Nilda Caraballo (Inter American University of Puerto Rico) and Mrs. Marta Caraballo (Fenwal: A Fresenius Kabi Company).

References

  1. Chatterjee S, Lee DS, Lee MW, Woo SH (2009) Congo red adsorption from aqueous solutions by using chitosan hydrogel beads impregnated with nonionic or anionic surfactant. Bioresour Technol 100(17):3862–3868CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Crespo-Alonso M, Nurchi VM, Biesuz R, Alberti G, Spano N, Pilo MI, Sanna G (2013) Biomass against emerging pollution in wastewater: ability of cork for the removal of ofloxacin from aqueous solutions at different pH. J Environ Chem Eng 1(4):1199–1204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Crini G, Badot P-M (2008) Application of chitosan, a natural aminopolysaccharide, for dye removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption processes using batch studies: a review of recent literature. Prog Polym Sci 33(4):399–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Eberhard FS, Hamawand I (2017) Selective electrodialysis for copper removal from brackish water and coal seam gas water. Int J Environ Res 11(1):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Foo KY, Hameed BH (2010) Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems. Chem Eng J 156(1):2–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gupta VK, Suhas VK (2009) Application of low-cost adsorbents for dye removal—a review. J Environ Manag 90(8):2313–2342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kosmulski M (2014) The pH dependent surface charging and points of zero charge. VI. Update. J Colloid Interface Sci 426:209–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lopez-Morales J, Perales-Perez O, Roman-Velazquez FR (2012) Sorption of triclosan onto tyre crumb rubber. Adsorpt Sci Technol 30(12):831–845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Luo X, Zhang L (2009) High effective adsorption of organic dyes on magnetic cellulose beads entrapping activated carbon. J Hazard Mater 171(1):340–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mahmoodi NM, Salehi R, Arami M, Bahrami H (2011) Dye removal from colored textile wastewater using chitosan in binary systems. Desalination 267(1):64–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Moosavian MA, Moazezi N (2016) Removal of cadmium and zinc ions from industrial wastewater using nanocomposites of PANI/ZnO and PANI/CoHCF: a comparative study. Desalin Water Treat 57(44):20817–20836Google Scholar
  12. Musyoka SM, Mittal H, Mishra SB, Ngila JC (2014) Effect of functionalization on the adsorption capacity of cellulose for the removal of methyl violet. Int J Biol Macromol 65:389–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nurchi VM, Crespo-Alonso M, Biesuz R, Alberti G, Pilo MI, Spano N, Sanna G (2014) Sorption of chrysoidine by row cork and cork entrapped in calcium alginate beads. Arab J Chem 7(1):133–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Osifo PO, Webster A, van der Merwe H, Neomagus HW, van der Gun MA, Grant DM (2008) The influence of the degree of cross-linking on the adsorption properties of chitosan beads. Bioresour Technol 99(15):7377–7382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rafatullah M, Sulaiman O, Hashim R, Ahmad A (2010) Adsorption of methylene blue on low-cost adsorbents: a review. J Hazard Mater 177(1):70–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Salleh MAM, Mahmoud DK, Karim WA, Idris A (2011) Cationic and anionic dye adsorption by agricultural solid wastes: a comprehensive review. Desalination 280(1):1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wan Ngah WS, Teong LC, Hanafiah M (2011) Adsorption of dyes and heavy metal ions by chitosan composites: a review. Carbohydr Polym 83(4):1446–1456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Yan H, Zhang W, Kan X, Dong L, Jiang Z, Li H, Yang H, Cheng R (2011) Sorption of methylene blue by carboxymethyl cellulose and reuse process in a secondary sorption. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 380(1):143–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© University of Tehran 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Chemistry and Environmental SciencesInter American University of Puerto RicoSan GermanPuerto Rico
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryPontifical Catholic University of Puerto RicoPoncePuerto Rico
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Puerto RicoMayagüezPuerto Rico
  4. 4.Department of Engineering Sciences and MaterialsUniversity of Puerto RicoMayagüezPuerto Rico

Personalised recommendations