Advertisement

ISSS Journal of Micro and Smart Systems

, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 145–150 | Cite as

An idea of oscillating alphabets through mechanical coupling

  • Akarapu Ashok
  • P. Manoj Kumar
  • Prem Pal
  • Ashok Kumar PandeyEmail author
Short Communication
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract

Alphabets are considered to be the building block of words and many sentences. To scientifically explore the importance and application of a word through vibrations, the first step may be to formulate an idea of oscillating alphabets or letters. In this paper, we have carried out an effort to design oscillating letters through coupled mechanical structures based on theoretical and finite element analyses. Based on designed structures, we fabricated them using bulk microfabrication process. Subsequently, we performed experimental studies to demonstrate the vibrations of letters “A”, “B”, “C”, “Z”, “I”, “T”, “H” and “OM” suspended with clamped–clamped and clamped–free conditions. Finally, we demonstrated grouping of letters through mechanical coupling in a word “IITH” through two different designs to measure its vibration. For both designs, we measured frequencies and modes with clamped–clamped and clamped–free conditions, respectively. Based on the comparison of experimental results with numerical simulation, we found that fabricated structure with clamped–free condition is found to work better. Additionally, we observed that the mechanical coupling in the second design of IITH gives nearly uniform response of all the letters while the first design gives non-uniform motion. Consequently, further development in amplitude amplification of such kind of oscillating letters or words based on clamped–free conditions may lead to the development of a learning tool for millions of blind people who can perceive vibration from different alphabets.

Keywords

Vibration Microfabrication Mechanical coupling Energy harvesting 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research is supported in part by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India (22(0696)/15/EMR-II).

References

  1. Ashok A, Kumar PM, Singh SS, Raju P, Pal P, Pandey AK (2018) Sens Actuators A Phys 273:12–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2018.02.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashok A, Pal P (2014) Micro & Nano Letters 9(12):830–834.  https://doi.org/10.1049/mnl.2014.0360 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ashok A, Gangele A, Pal P, Pandey AK (2018) J Micromech Microeng 28(7):075009-1–075009-11.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6439/aab8ac CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhattacharjee A, Ye AJ, Lisak JA, Vargas MG, Goldreich D (2010) J Neurosci 30(43):14288.  https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1447-10.2010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Rao SS (2003) Mechanical vibration. Pearson Educational Inc., New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  6. Reddy JN (2005) An introduction to the finite element method. McGraw-Hill Education, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Sahoo DK, Pandey AK (2018) ISSS J Micro Smart Syst 7(1):1–13.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s41683-018-0018-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Zaitsev S, Pandey AK, Shtempluck O, Buks E (2011) Phys Rev E 84:046605-1–046605-10.  https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.046605 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Smart Structures & Systems, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akarapu Ashok
    • 1
  • P. Manoj Kumar
    • 1
  • Prem Pal
    • 2
  • Ashok Kumar Pandey
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringIIT HyderabadKandiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsIIT HyderabadKandiIndia

Personalised recommendations