Prototype of an array SiPM-based scintillator Compton camera for radioactive materials detection
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The Compton camera, which visualizes the distribution of gamma-ray sources based on the kinematics of Compton scattering, has advantage of wide field of view, broad range of energy and compact structure.
In this study, we proposed a prototype of Compton camera, which included array silicon photomultiplier (SiPM)-based position-sensitive detectors, data acquisition (DAQ) system and image reconstruction system. The detectors were composed of Ce-doped Gd3Al2Ga3O12 scintillator arrays and pixel Si-PM arrays. In DAQ system, symmetric charge division circuit, impedance bridge circuit and the delay coincidence algorithm were designed to record coincidence events. Simple back-projection algorithm and list-mode maximum likelihood expectation maximization algorithm were adopted for image reconstruction. The coordinate of longitude and latitude was used for image fusion.
The performance of this Compton camera prototype system was evaluated. The results indicated that this system was able to locate a 137Cs point source within 20 s with the corresponding radiation dose of ~ 1.0 μSv/h. The angular resolution of point source was ~ 7° (FWHM), and the total energy resolution of 662 keV was 7.2%. Furthermore, we succeeded in separating two point sources of different energy [22Na (511 keV), 137Cs (662 keV)] in laboratory test.
This prototype of scintillator Compton camera offers capabilities for applications like source term investigation and radioactive materials detection.
KeywordsCompton imaging Scintillator Compton camera Silicon photomultipliers Image reconstruction
This work is supported by the Instrument Developing Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Grant (No. 29201707) and the Key Research Program of Chinese Academy of Science Grant (ZDRW-CN-2018-101).
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