Journal of Business Cycle Research

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 41–71 | Cite as

Consumers’ Perception of Inflation in Inflationary and Deflationary Environment

  • Ewa StanisławskaEmail author
Research Paper


The paper employs survey data on quantitative inflation perceptions to investigate the formation of consumers’ opinions about current price developments. Firstly, we compare Polish consumers’ estimates of price changes with the consumer price index (CPI) and find that consumers react more quickly to inflation increases than decreases, and that they ignore small moves in inflation. Moreover, the previously stable relation between inflation perception and the CPI inflation was distorted during the deflationary period, leading to a smaller perception bias. Secondly, we relax the assumption that consumers perceive price changes in the CPI terms and show that consumers over-weight clothing and footwear prices and under-weight transport prices relative to the expenditure shares of these items. Prices of food and beverages, as well as prices related to housing, water, gas, electricity, etc. have similar impact on inflation perception as on the CPI inflation. Thirdly, selective attention of consumers to price changes and asymmetric reaction to increases and falls in prices, captured by alternative price aggregates, do not explain inflation perception during deflation.


Consumer survey data Consumers’ inflation perception Quantitative inflation perception Deflation 

JEL Classifications

D12 D84 E31 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Narodowy Bank Polski (National Bank of Poland)WarsawPoland

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