Mouth Cancer Control Program in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil
Oral cancer persists as a public health problem. Thus, mechanisms that ensure active involvement of the population must be created.
Within this context, the Mouth Cancer Control Program of the University of Pernambuco (UPE) has been updating and training professionals in the prevention, and differential and early diagnosis of oral cancer since 1998 by performing educational, preventive, and diagnostic activities without interruptions. CAAE: 0201.0.097.000-08.
From January 2002 to January 2017, 1400 students from UPE and 300 students from other educational institutions participated in the development of the activities. A total of 8600 professionals were trained in 63 cities in Pernambuco and 59,600 individuals participated in the educational/preventive activities designed to improve self-care, prevention, and the early detection of oral cancer. A total of 2984 individuals were examined during the training. Among the oral lesions identified and investigated by biopsy, 33% were potentially malignant lesions and 12% were malignant lesions (cancer).
Health education is an excellent tool for the popularization and diffusion of technical–scientific knowledge, demystifying the disease and bringing its description closer to the population, thus permitting the identification of risk factors and the search for prevention and early detection. Brazil still faces some challenges, but education and guaranteed access to and greater effectiveness of health services will provide better conditions for the prevention, early detection, and reduction of disabilities and death since oral cancer can be prevented and cured when diagnosed at an early stage.
KeywordsSelf-care Neoplasms Mouth neoplasms Disease prevention Diagnosis
Thanks are to the population, students and professionals of the health and education areas of the State of Pernambuco, such as Dr. Getúlio Isidoro da Rocha (in memoriam), Prof. José Thadeu Pinheiro, Prof. Emanuel Dias Oliveira e Silva, Prof. Reginaldo Inojosa Carneiro Campello, Prof. José Ricardo Dias Pereira, Prof. Luiz Portela Guerra, Profa. Georgina Agnelo de Lima, Profa. Eliane Helena Alvim de Souza, Prof. Arnaldo de França Caldas Júnior, Prof. Claudio Heliomar da Silva, Profa. Denise Cruz Camboim, Profa. Virginia Ribes Amorim Brandão, Prof. Elizabeth Azevedo Soares, Profa. Renata Cimões Jovino Silveira, Profa. Maria do Socorro de Mendonça Cavalcanti, Profa. Maria Tereza Cartaxo Muniz, Prof. Júlio Brando Messias, Prof. Renato Medeiros, Prof. Walmir Soares, Prof. Gilberto Dias e and Prof. Roberto Beltrão, among others that contribute to the uninterrupted development of the activities of this program. Activities developed with the support of the Extension and Research Funds of the University of Pernambuco—UPE; Center for Distance Education of the University of Pernambuco—NEAD/UPE; Foundation of Science and Technology Support of the State of Pernambuco—FACEPE; National Council of Science and Technology Research—CNPq/MCT, besides the medical and odontological classes of Pernambuco, among others are also acknowledged.
Owned by the professionals involved in the development of the activities of this University Extension Program; Institutional Program for Extension of the University of Pernambuco—PIAEXT/UPE—Process number: 9607502-2/2016; National Council of Scientific and Technological Development of the Ministry of Science and Technology—CNPq/MCT—Process number: 551051/2008-6.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Author Aurora Vidal declares that she has no conflict of interest. Author Emanuel Andrade declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author Thuanny Macêdo declares that she has no conflict of interest. Author Maria Cecília Melo declares that she has no conflict of interest. Author Fátima Matos declares that she has no conflict of interest. Author Bartolomeu Melo Júnior declares that he has no conflict of interest. Author Sylvio Silva Neto declares that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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