Antibacterial effect of diode lasers in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effects on implant surfaces: a literature review
The present study aims to conduct a descriptive analysis by reviewing in vivo and in vitro studies concerned with the antibacterial effect of diode lasers (810 nm, 940 nm, and 980 nm) and their effects on implant surfaces at different parameters for peri-implantitis treatment.
Materials and methods
The PubMed and Google Scholar had been used to search for articles focused on the antibacterial effect of diode lasers (810 nm, 940 nm, and 980 nm) in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effects on implant surfaces. This literature search was limited to 10 years (January 2007–March 2017).
Diode laser is an effective adjunctive tool in treatment of peri-implantitis in combination with a conventional therapy without any negative effect on the surrounding soft and hard tissues, and on the implant surfaces where the favorable settings regarding to vivo and vitro studies are 810 nm in non-contact continuous wave mode at 1 W for 20 s, five times with 30-s pause after each 20-s application time, and 600-μm fiber tip or 810 nm in non-contact pulse wave mode at 1 W, 50 Hz and a pulse duration of 100 ms/pulse, 30-s application time (2 times for each side).
Eight hundred ten-nanometer diode laser wavelength with a low average power and appropriate irradiation time treat the peri-implantitis significantly without affecting the surrounding tissues or alteration of the implant surfaces.
KeywordsDental implant Peri-implantitis Peri-implantitis Peri-implant Dental implant surface Decontamination Disinfection Antibacterial effect Bactericidal effect Diode laser Laser treatment Laser therapy
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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