Antibacterial effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effect on implant surfaces: a literature review
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The present study aims to conduct a descriptive analysis by reviewing in vivo and in vitro studies concerned with the antibacterial effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser (2780 nm) and their effects on implant surfaces at different parameters for peri-implantitis treatment.
Materials and methods
The PubMed and Google Scholar had been used to search for articles that focused on the antibacterial effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser (2780 nm) in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effects on implant surfaces. This literature search was limited to ten years (January 2007–March 2017).
The favorable settings of Er,Cr:YSGG laser which can be used significantly to treat peri-implantitis without titanium surface characteristic alteration or increase of temperature based on reviewed articles are in a non-contact mode (0.5 mm distance) at 1 and 1.5 W, 10 and 30 Hz, and 60 and 120 s, respectively, under air and water flow for refrigeration.
Er,Cr:YSGG laser with specific parameters is an effective tool in the treatment of peri-implantitis without negative effect on the implant surfaces.
KeywordsDental implant Er,Cr:YSGG laser Laser treatment Laser therapy Periimplantitis Peri-implantitis Periimplant Dental implant surface Decontamination Disinfection Antibacterial effect Bactericidal effect
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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