Leading After-Action Reviews among Emergency Responder Teams: how Perceptions of Leader Behaviors Relate to Proximal and Distal Outcomes

  • Joseph A. AllenEmail author
  • Roni Reiter-Palmon
  • Kelly A. Prange
  • Marissa L. Shuffler
  • Elliott Barber
Original Research Article


Safety concerns are a critical issue for individuals and teams in high reliability organizations (HROs). As HROs with positive safety climates often have fewer accidents and injuries, understanding which approaches can improve safety climate is paramount. The purpose of the current study was to investigate how leaders’ behavior in after-action reviews (AARs) relates to AAR quality, perceptions of team safety climate, and perceptions of organizational safety climate. We used a sample (N = 89) of firefighters to test the mediation model. Results indicated that AAR leader behaviors focusing on consideration and learning promote positive perceptions of team and organizational safety climate through AAR meeting quality.


After-action reviews Leader behavior Firefighting Emergency responders Safety norms 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest Statement

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nebraska at OmahaOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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