Primacy of Mind in Quantum Mechanics Linking Nature to Existence with Optimalism and Noophelia as Basis of Reality

  • Cynthia Sue LarsonEmail author


When considering what kind of ontological picture the empirical success of quantum mechanics supports, we are essentially asking the philosophical ultimate question, “Why are things the way they are, instead of otherwise?” Viewing reality as a matter of optimalism is one of four practicable responses to this question, which requires linking nature to existence. The empirical success of quantum mechanics supports an ontological picture that includes an observer; while assumption of objectivity forms the basis for classical physics, quantum mechanics requires specification of a subject-object split in order that measurements can be obtained. Quantum mechanics suggests measurements are obtained in a process of selection between possibilities, depending upon decisions made as to where and how measurements are devised and collected. This paper explores how optimalization process philosophy proves to be a good fit for quantum mechanics. Henry Stapp’s realistically interpreted orthodox quantum mechanics addresses the necessary issue within an optimalized process philosophy of linking nature to existence by asserting that when a question is asked, “the thought itself is the thinker,” in keeping with the views of William James and Alfred North Whitehead. In this process, an ensuing succession of questions arising in the minds of observers is received and responded to by nature or cosmic mind that chooses and implements responses in accordance with Born’s rule in a physically described universe represented by evolving quantum mechanics states.


Free will Noophelia Ontological Optimalism Process philosophy Quantum mechanics 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that she has no conflict of interest.


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© Neuroscientia 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Foundations of MindBerkeleyUSA

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