Extrusion process of 304L H-shaped stainless steel used in passive residual heat removal heat exchanger

  • Lei-Feng Tuo
  • Gen-Shu ZhouEmail author
  • Zhi-Qiang Yu
  • Xi-Tang Kang
  • Bo-Wen Wang


304L H-shaped stainless steel is used as the support frame of the passive residual heat removal heat exchanger (PRHR HX) in a nuclear fission reactor. The extrusion process is adopted to manufacture the 304L H-shaped stainless steel. Finite element method simulation is herein used to analyze metal flow characteristics, optimize the extrusion die, and predict the extrusion force at different temperatures and speeds. A Φ400-mm container and Φ388-mm forging billet are selected, and the 304L H-shaped stainless steel is successfully manufactured using a Germany SMS 60 MN horizontal extruder. The mechanical properties and microstructure of the manufactured 304L H-shaped stainless steel meet the requirements of the PRHR HX, and the surfaces of the product pass the dye penetration test. The H-shaped stainless steels are used in Haiyang nuclear power plant in Shandong Province.


PRHR HX Support frame Extrusion process 304L H-shaped stainless steel 



The research presented in this paper is partially funded by the Stainless steel tube branch company, Taiyuan Iron & Steel (Group) CO. LTD. The 304L stainless billet and extrusion productive experiment condition are provided by them. The authors also thank laboratory engineer Xiao-Wen Zhang for his assistance in conducting the tensile tests and metallographic test at the Technology Center Laboratory, Taiyuan Iron & Steel (Group) CO. LTD.


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Copyright information

© China Science Publishing & Media Ltd. (Science Press), Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Nuclear Society and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei-Feng Tuo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gen-Shu Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhi-Qiang Yu
    • 1
  • Xi-Tang Kang
    • 2
  • Bo-Wen Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of MaterialsXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Stainless Steel Tube Branch CompanyTaiyuan Iron & Steel (Group) CO. LTDTaiyuanChina

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