Pocket formula for mass attenuation coefficient, effective atomic number, and electron density of human tissues

  • H. C. ManjunathaEmail author
  • L. Seenappa


We have proposed a pocket formula for mass attenuation coefficient (μ/ρ), mass energy absorption coefficient (μen/ρ), and effective atomic number (Zeff) in different tissues of human organs. We have also assigned a new chemical formula for all studied tissues based on their composition. We have introduced a new parameter called effective composition index (Ceff). Based on this, we have introduced a new method to compute the effective atomic number. The evaluated photon interaction parameters are graphically represented. The evaluated average, maximum, minimum, and standard deviations of effective atomic number are tabulated. The proposed formula produces a mass attenuation coefficient, mass energy absorption coefficient, and effective atomic number from their composition.


Effective atomic number Mass attenuation coefficient Tissues 


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Copyright information

© China Science Publishing & Media Ltd. (Science Press), Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Nuclear Society and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsGovernment College for WomenKolarIndia

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