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Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 173–202 | Cite as

Migrationsursachen in Afrika

Eine Analyse von Push-Faktoren im Zeitraum von 2000 bis 2015
  • Jan Anye Velimsky
Aufsatz
  • 127 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Artikel untersucht Determinanten von Emigration in den Ländern Afrikas im Zeitraum von 2000 bis 2015. In den letzten Jahren haben Migrationsbewegungen aus Afrika nach Europa zugenommen, doch exitieren bisher nur wenige empirische Studien, welche diese Emigrationsströme mit aktuellen Daten untersuchen und dabei den Fokus auf Afrika legen. Mithilfe von Paneldaten wird in dieser vergleichenden Analyse untersucht, welche Faktoren zwischen 2000 und 2015 in den Staaten Afrikas Emigration beeinflusst haben. Als zentrale Determinanten haben sich politische und Umwelt-Faktoren erwiesen. Den stärksten Effekt hat die Verfügbarkeit von landwirtschaftlicher Nutzfläche, was auf eine steigende Bedeutung von Umweltfaktoren für Emigration in Afrika hindeutet. Eine größere Verfügbarkeit von landwirtschaftlicher Nutzfläche senkt die Emigrationsrate, ebenso wie eine größere politische Teilhabe und mehr bürgerliche Freiheiten. Ein Zuwachs von Gewalt gegenüber Zivilisten führt dagegen zu mehr Emigration. Weiterhin liefert die Studie Hinweise, dass eine Stärkung des tertiären Wirtschaftssektors Menschen eher dazu veranlasst in der Heimat zu bleiben.

Determinants of migration in Africa

An analysis of push-factors between 2000 and 2015

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of migration in the African countries, analyzing panel data over the period 2000–2015. Although there has been a significant increase of migration out of Africa in the last years, there is still a lack of empirical evidence on the drivers of emigration, based on current data. The main finding of the study is that both, political and environmental factors, drive emigration in Africa. Among the indicators the capacity of arable land has the strongest effect, which indicates an increasing importance of environmental drivers for emigration in Africa. While a higher capacity of arable land, rule of law and a greater share of individual liberties lower the emigration rate, violence against civilians increases the emigration rate. Furthermore, the study provides some evidence that strengthening the tertiary sector can keep more people in their home country.

Notes

Danksagung

An dieser Stelle möchte ich mich bei André Bächtiger und den beiden Gutachtern für die wertvollen Hinweise und Anregungen danken.

Supplementary material

41358_2018_138_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.1 mb)
Weitere Berechnungen, tabellarische Übersichten und Abbildungen

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Sozialwissenschaften (Abteilung 2)Universität StuttgartStuttgartDeutschland

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