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Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 233–250 | Cite as

Postkolonialismus und Dekolonisation in den Internationalen Beziehungen

  • Simon Schulze
Literaturbericht
  • 242 Downloads

Einleitung

Vor 40 Jahren hat Edward Said mit seinem Werk Orientalism einen Paradigmenwechsel in den Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften eingeleitet, der dominierende eurozentristische Sichtweisen überwinden sollte (Said 1978). Durch eine historische Analyse zur Konstituierung und Stabilisierung westlicher Vorurteile und Stereotype zum Nahen Osten zeigt er auf, wie durch die Konstruktionen einer als fremd, statisch und minderwertig wahrgenommenen Kultur die politische Repräsentation und Partizipation verhindert werden soll: Die „andere“ (Othering) Identität wird als ontologischer Gegensatz zum „Eigenen“ verstanden und muss zur Selbstüberhöhung abgewertet werden. Neben materiellen Ressourcen werden dafür auch normative Praktiken und Strategien verwendet, um eine Differenz herzustellen und zu legitimieren. Dies kann in der internationalen Politik die (Nicht‑)Anwendung von scheinbar universalistischen Normen und Strukturprinzipien, die Vorgaben und Programme von internationalen...

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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Internationale Beziehungen und Außenpolitik, Fachbereich III – PolitikwissenschaftUniversität TrierTrierDeutschland

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