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Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 509–527 | Cite as

Selbstbestimmung und Gewalt: Zur Rolle von Territorium in subnationalen Selbstbestimmungskonflikten

  • Friederike Luise Kelle
Literaturbericht
  • 303 Downloads

Einleitung

Bestrebungen nach territorialer Selbstbestimmung sind ein wiederkehrendes Charakteristikum der internationalen Politik und prägen auch in jüngster Zeit die europäische Tagesordnung. Die Referenden in Schottland und der Ukraine im Jahr 2014 und in Katalonien, der Lombardei und Kurdistan in 2017, die Volksabstimmung der schweizerischen Jurassier 2013 und das (vorläufige) Ende des bewaffneten Kampfes der baskischen ETA 2011 illustrieren die aktuelle Relevanz des subnationalen Strebens nach Autonomie. Im Jahr 2005 stellten 144 Gruppen weltweit Forderungen nach Selbstbestimmung (Marshall und Gurr 2005). Dabei spielt das umstrittene Territorium in inner- und zwischenstaatlichen Konflikten gleichermaßen eine wesentliche Rolle. Schon der territoriale Fokus in den Internationalen Beziehungen der 1990er-Jahre hat gezeigt, dass Land ein zentraler Konfliktgegenstand zwischenstaatlicher Auseinandersetzungen ist (Goertz und Diehl 1992; Huth 1996). Durchschnittlich etwa 25 % der...

Notes

Danksagung

Ich danke Gerald Schneider und Johannes Vüllers für hilfreiche Kommentare zu einer früheren Version.

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© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität KonstanzKonstanzDeutschland

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