Population dynamics of stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) associated at various soybean phenological stages

  • Milena Oliveira Defensor
  • Alfredo Henrique Rocha Gonring
  • Layane Ferreira Borges
  • Angelica Plata-RuedaEmail author
  • Luis Carlos Martínez
  • Flavio Lemes Fernandes
Short Communication


The populations of phytophagous stink bugs may vary with cultivar and crop management. The aim of this study was to know the population dynamics of stink bugs Euschistus heros, Nezara viridula, and Piezodorus guildinii at different soybean phenological stages. Samples of each stink bug species were done in three soybean (Syn1059, P97R01, and M7110IPRO) cultivars conducted in two seasons. For three cultivars and two seasons, E. heros was the most abundant, followed by P. guildinii and N. viridula. The soybean phenology influenced stink bug population dynamics, mainly in the inflorescence emergence, flowering, development of fruits and seeds, and ripening of fruits and seeds stages. For soybean cultivars, Syn1059 and M7110IPRO were high colonized by stink bugs, while colonization in P97R01 was low suggesting susceptible differences between cultivars. The relationship between stink bug populations and soybean phenology can provide information to monitoring pest populations during these stages.


Insect pest Plant–insect interactions Population dynamics Soybean pest 



To Brazilian agencies “Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa de Minas Gerais” (FAPEMIG) and “Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior” (CAPES) for financial support, and Young Professor Grant Program by Dupont International Stock Exchange for technical support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares no conflict of interest.


  1. Bentivenha JPF, Canassa VF, Baldin ELL, Borguini MG, Lima GPP, Lourenção AL (2018) Role of the rutin and genistein flavonoids in soybean resistance to Piezodorus guildinii (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Arthropod-Plant Interact 12:311–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bortolotto OC, Pomari-Fernandes A, Bueno RDF, Bueno ADF, Queiroz A, Sanzovo A, Ferreira R (2015) The use of soybean integrated pest management in Brazil: a review. Embrapa Soja-Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Agron Sci Biotechnol 1(1):25–32Google Scholar
  3. Bueno AF, Bortolotto OC, Fernandes AP, França-Neto JB (2015) Assessment of a more conservative stink bug economic threshold for managing stink bugs in Brazilian soybean production. Crop Prot 71:132–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. da Graça JP, Ueda TE, Janegitz T, Vieira SS, Salvador MC, de Oliveira MCN, Zingaretti SM, Powers SJ, Pickett JA, Birkett MA, Hoffmann-Campo CB (2016) The natural plant stress elicitor cis-jasmone causes cultivar-dependent reduction in growth of the stink bug, Euschistus heros and associated changes in flavonoid concentrations in soybean, Glycine max. Phytochemistry 131:84–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fonseca PRB, Fernandes MG, Justiniano W, Cavada LH, Silva JAN (2014) Spatial distribution of adults and nymphs of Euschistus heros (F) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on Bt and non-Bt Soybean. J Agron Sci 6:131–142Google Scholar
  6. Husch PE, Olivera MCN, Sosagómez DR (2014) Characterization of injury caused by Edessa meditabunda (F.), Chinavia impicticornis (Stal), and Piezodorus guildinii (West.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) to Soybean. Neotrop Entomol 43:276–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Justiniano W, Fernandes MG, Viana CLTP (2014) Diversity, composition and population dynamics of arthropods in the genetically modified soybeans Roundup Ready® RR1 (GT 40-3-2) and Intacta RR2 PRO® (MON87701 x MON89788). J Agron Sci 6:33–44Google Scholar
  8. Mantia JML, Mian MAR, Redinbaugh MG (2018) Identification of soybean host plant resistance to brown marmorated stink bugs in maturity group III Plant introductions. J Econ Entomol 111:428–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Marsaro Júnior AL, Pereira PRS, Silva WR, Griffel SCP (2010) Flutuação populacional de insetos-praga na cultura da soja no estado de Roraima. Rev Acad 8:71–76Google Scholar
  10. Meier U (2018) Growth stages of mono-and dicotyledonous plants. Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Quedlinburg. ISBN 978-3-95547-070-8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Olson DM, Ruberso NJR, Zeilinger AR, Andow DA (2011) Colonization preference of Euschistus servus and Nezara viridula in transgenic cotton varieties, peanut, and soybean. Entomol Exp Appl 139:161–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Pan H, Lu Y, Wyckhuys KAG, Wu K (2013) Preference of a polyphagous mirid bug, Apolygus lucorum (Meyer-Dür) for flowering host plants. PLoS ONE 8:e68980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Souza ES, Silva JPGF, Baldin ELL, Pierozzi CG, Cunha LS, Canassa VF, Pannuti LER, Lourenção AL (2015) Response of soybean genotypes challenged by a stink bug complex (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). J Econ Entomol 109:898–906CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tuelher ES, Silva EH, Hirose E, Guedes RNC, Oliveira E (2016) Competition between the phytophagous stink bugs Euschistus heros and Piezodorus guildinii in soybeans. Pest Manag Sci 72:1837–1843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Venugopal PD, Coffey PL, Dively GP, Lamp WO (2014) Adjacent habitat influence on stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) densities and the associated damage at field corn and soybean edges. PLoS ONE 9:e109917CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Deutsche Phytomedizinische Gesellschaft 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milena Oliveira Defensor
    • 1
  • Alfredo Henrique Rocha Gonring
    • 2
  • Layane Ferreira Borges
    • 3
  • Angelica Plata-Rueda
    • 3
    Email author
  • Luis Carlos Martínez
    • 4
  • Flavio Lemes Fernandes
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de AgronomiaUniversidade Federal de UberlândiaUberlândiaBrazil
  2. 2.Corteva AgrisciencesMogi MirimBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Pós-graduação em AgronomiaUniversidade Federal de ViçosaRio ParanaíbaBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Biologia GeralUniversidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil

Personalised recommendations