Chemical composition and repellent activity of essential oils from the leaves of Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Eugenia uniflora against Diaphania hyalinata L. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
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Diaphania hyalinata is an important pest in organic melon crops and has caused considerable harm to growers in northeastern Brazil. The aim of the present study was to determine the chemical composition of essential oils from Eugenia uniflora (pitanga) and Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon) as well as evaluate the repellant action, oviposition deterrence and effect on body mass caused by the oils and the constituents linalool and β-pinene in D. hyalinata. The essential oils from pitanga and cinnamon had a predominance of sesquiterpenes and phenylpropanoids, respectively. The pitanga oil was more effective as a larval repellent than the cinnamon oil and the constituents tested exhibited low repellent activity. In the evaluation of oviposition deterrence, the response of D. hyalinata exposed to the cinnamon oil did not vary with the distance between the treated and untreated leaf disks, but varied significantly when exposed to the pitanga oil. Linalool exhibited greater long-distance oviposition deterrence in comparison with β-pinene. In the experiments on body mass gain, second-instar larvae were more susceptible to the cinnamon oil than the pitanga oil and constituents tested. The findings suggest that these oils, especially the pitanga oil, could be an alternative for the control of D. hyalinata in the larval and adult phases. Further studies are needed to evaluate the effect on natural enemies and pollinating insects as well as the cost–benefit of the formulation of an insecticide for use on organic crops in northeastern Brazil.
KeywordsRepellent activity Oviposition deterrence Terpenoids Linalool β-Pinene
This work was supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (PQ-2-302860/2016-9, PDJ-167481/2017-7) and Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco (FACEPE; Grants APQ-0476-1.06/14, APQ-08601.06/16, APQ-10081.06/15).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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