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Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection

, Volume 126, Issue 1, pp 79–87 | Cite as

Chemical composition and repellent activity of essential oils from the leaves of Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Eugenia uniflora against Diaphania hyalinata L. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

  • Ailton Pinheiro Lobo
  • Claudio Augusto Gomes da CamaraEmail author
  • João Paulo Ramos de Melo
  • Marcílio Martins de Moraes
Original Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Diaphania hyalinata is an important pest in organic melon crops and has caused considerable harm to growers in northeastern Brazil. The aim of the present study was to determine the chemical composition of essential oils from Eugenia uniflora (pitanga) and Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon) as well as evaluate the repellant action, oviposition deterrence and effect on body mass caused by the oils and the constituents linalool and β-pinene in D. hyalinata. The essential oils from pitanga and cinnamon had a predominance of sesquiterpenes and phenylpropanoids, respectively. The pitanga oil was more effective as a larval repellent than the cinnamon oil and the constituents tested exhibited low repellent activity. In the evaluation of oviposition deterrence, the response of D. hyalinata exposed to the cinnamon oil did not vary with the distance between the treated and untreated leaf disks, but varied significantly when exposed to the pitanga oil. Linalool exhibited greater long-distance oviposition deterrence in comparison with β-pinene. In the experiments on body mass gain, second-instar larvae were more susceptible to the cinnamon oil than the pitanga oil and constituents tested. The findings suggest that these oils, especially the pitanga oil, could be an alternative for the control of D. hyalinata in the larval and adult phases. Further studies are needed to evaluate the effect on natural enemies and pollinating insects as well as the cost–benefit of the formulation of an insecticide for use on organic crops in northeastern Brazil.

Keywords

Repellent activity Oviposition deterrence Terpenoids Linalool β-Pinene 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (PQ-2-302860/2016-9, PDJ-167481/2017-7) and Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco (FACEPE; Grants APQ-0476-1.06/14, APQ-08601.06/16, APQ-10081.06/15).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Deutsche Phytomedizinische Gesellschaft 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e AmbientaisUniversidade Estadual de Santa CruzIlhéusBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Investigação Química de Inseticidas Naturais, Departamento de AgronomiaUniversidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Produtos Naturais Bioativos, Departamento de QuímicaUniversidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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