Mapping the potential areas for enclosure fish culture in tropical reservoirs: geo-spatial solutions for sustainable aquaculture expansion

  • Arur Anand
  • G. Kantharajan
  • P. KrishnanEmail author
  • K. Abdul Hakeem
  • K. Sai Santosh
  • Ch. Srinivasa Rao
  • Kuldeep K. Lal
  • S. B. Choudhury
  • C. Manjulatha
  • D. E. Babu
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Academia and Industry collaboration on the Spatial Information


Planning aquaculture and fisheries activities in a reservoir requires knowledge of dynamics of water spread. We studied water spread dynamics of three reservoirs in the Godavari river basin, India using multi-temporal satellite imagery for the period 1990–2018 and developed a framework for mapping the spatial extent of water spread area (WSA) having potential for enclosure fish culture. The study showed that WSA of Nizamsagar reservoir in pre-monsoon season has declined from 108.11 to 99.34 km2 from phase I (1990–2006) to phase II (2007–2018), respectively and a similar trend was seen in Pocharam and Nallavagu reservoirs. For post monsoon seasons of the same time period, an increase in WSA was seen in Nizamsagar (133.75–144.14 km2) and Pocharam reservoirs (14.15-14.67 km2). Based on frequency of water presence during 2007–2018, WSA with potential for cage and pen culture was determined in Nizamsagar (31.04 km2) and Pocharam (2.87 km2) reservoirs. The study showed that both the reservoirs can accommodate maximum allowed number of cages (5000 and 500 cages respectively). We provide a decision matrix for location-specific selection of suitable culture methods and candidate species, which would aid in optimal utilization of the hitherto under-utilized reservoirs, especially in in situ data poor conditions. This study can be scaled up in the entire country with the help of academia/industry to prioritize reservoirs with potential for enclosure fish culture and plan appropriate interventions for reducing their yield gap.


Normalized Difference Water Index Enclosure fish culture Cage culture Water presence frequency Water spread area Perennial water 



The authors wish to acknowledge the support extended by the Director, NRSC and Director, ICAR-NBFGR in the study. The authors also acknowledge the United States Geological Survey (USGS) for the open access Landsat data.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The corresponding author on behalf of all authors declares that none of us have any conflict of interest with respect to the study being presented in this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Korean Spatial Information Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arur Anand
    • 1
  • G. Kantharajan
    • 2
  • P. Krishnan
    • 3
    Email author
  • K. Abdul Hakeem
    • 4
  • K. Sai Santosh
    • 4
  • Ch. Srinivasa Rao
    • 3
  • Kuldeep K. Lal
    • 2
  • S. B. Choudhury
    • 4
  • C. Manjulatha
    • 5
  • D. E. Babu
    • 5
  1. 1.Regional Remote Sensing CentreNRSC, ISRONagpurIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic ResourcesLucknowIndia
  3. 3.ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research ManagementRajendranagar, HyderabadIndia
  4. 4.National Remote Sensing Centre, ISROHyderabadIndia
  5. 5.College of Science and TechnologyAndhra UniversityVisakhapatnamIndia

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