Analyzing the risk related to climate change attributes and their impact, a step towards climate-smart village (CSV): a geospatial approach to bring geoponics sustainability in India
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The paper deals with various thematic parameters such as agriculture crop scenario (2000, 2010), water stress, precipitation trend and deficit, climate-induced risk towards crops, drought-prone area, suicide attributes of farmers, agro-ecological regions, prediction of future (2050) precipitation and temperature variation during kharif and rabi seasons of India and their spatial pattern were analyzed in GIS for better understanding of climate change. The analysis revealed about the need of synergic approach/strategies to address the impact of climate change. Few of the Climate-smart villages (CSVs) projects of India were discussed here based on their approach, achievement, and limitation. The CSV conceptual strategies are fully based on climate smart agriculture potentiality to achieve sustainability in food security, enhancing the livelihood, eradication of poverty and magnifying the farm household resilience. The climate-induced high and very high risk to the crops areas were found dominated in the arid and semi-arid regions which will be challenged in future due to water stress, inadequate irrigation facility, increasing trend of temperature and variation in precipitation pattern. The hotspot districts of farmer’s suicide were very significant in climate-induced very high risk zone and majority of them falls in the drought-prone areas/extremely high to high water-stressed areas which leads to crop failure. There is a need to formulate a concrete policy, legal, and institutional actions addressing the farmers problem significantly at country, state, district and village levels which will support investment/technology/guideline in and adoption of Climate-smart village (CSV) practices after seeing the socio-economic background (poverty/tribes/backward class) of them.
KeywordsClimate-smart village Climate-induced risk to crops Farmer’s suicide Precipitation trend/deficit Climate change scenario prediction
The authors are grateful to all websites/literatures from where we have used the data sets/maps for evaluation.
FA proposed the idea and analyzed the satellite and ancillary data in GIS domain, LG supervised the analysis, and FA & LG drafted the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
No funding in any form has been received by any of the author for current work.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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